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Medium 9781782204190

Chapter One: Two Questions

Seel, Dietmar; Ullrich, Burkhard; Zepf, Florian Daniel; Zepf, Siegfried Karnac Books ePub

Myth is already enlightenment and enlightenment reverts to mythology.

—Max Horkheimer and Theodor W. Adorno, 1944, p. XVIII

In his five lectures on psychoanalysis published in 1910, Freud emphasises for the first time that the Oedipus complex is the “nuclear complex of every neurosis” (Freud, 1910a, p. 47). Two years later he sees the Oedipus complex as part of mankind's heritage (1912–1913a, p. 160, pp. 141f.).

It is well known that Freud borrowed the name for this complex from Sophocles’ drama Oedipus Tyrannus with which he had been familiar since 1873 (letter to Emil Fluss, 16 June 1873, 1960a, p. 4). As a reminder: Oedipus frees Thebes from the Sphinx by solving her riddle, becomes the widowed Queen Jocasta as his wife and thereby becomes King, visits Thebes to discover the cause of the plague threatening Thebes. Oedipus sends his brother-in-law Creon to the oracle at Delphi to find out how he might save Thebes from the plague. Creon returns with the message that Thebes can only be spared from the disease if the murderer of the former King Laius is found and expelled from the country.

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Medium 9781576753514

Chapter 15: Developing True Schools of Management

Mintzberg, Henry Berrett-Koehler Publishers ePub

All change seems impossible. But once accomplished, it is
the state you are no longer in that seems impossible.

—FRENCH PHILOSOPHER ALAIN

It is time to renew the business schools—time for the agents of change to change. They may be at the height of their success, attracting high-paying students who in turn have been getting high-paying jobs. And business schools produce enormous quantities of research. Yet they are failing in their fundamental purpose, which is to enhance the quality of leadership in society.

In a number of respects, the business schools have lost their way. They claim to develop managers, yet turn out staff specialists who promote dysfunctional styles of managing. They are meant to be institutions of thoughtful scholarship yet are increasingly drawn to promotional hype. They should be prized for their mindfulness yet often copy each other mindlessly. Many cannot make up their collective minds whether to tone down their material for “relevance” or ratchet it up for “rigor,” when they should be repudiating both. Those areas in which the business schools do excel—the business functions, particularly in research—are embedded in educational programs that treat these as management, which just marginalizes management. To use March’s terms, there is too much exploiting going on in the business schools and not enough exploring.

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Medium 9781574414769

Chapter 5: Hiding Out and Future Associates

Mark T. Smokov University of North Texas Press ePub

CHAPTER 5

Hiding Out and Future Associates

The Kid had many friends all over northeastern Montana who were loyal to him and he could turn to for help. In fact, in order to grubstake his departure from the Little Rockies, the Coburns of the Circle C bought Kid Curry’s cattle and his 4T brand, and delivered the money to the hideaway.1 Curry may have been visiting the surrounding ranches when, in about January 1895, he ran into his friend Sid Willis at the mouth of the Musselshell River. Now sheriff of Valley County, Willis was chasing three escaped convicts from the Glasgow, Montana, jail. Curry had him covered, but let him go upon learning that he was not wanted by the sheriff. Supposedly he asked Willis to extend an invitation to Chouteau County Sheriff George McLaughlin to come get him.2

Curry and Thornhill stayed at and around the hideaway for the better part of six months before Curry quit the country and Thornhill finally came in and asked for a trial.3 Robert Coburn of the Circle C put up bond for Thornhill, and he retained Donnelly and Knox for his counsel. Although some sources state that Thornhill’s case was dismissed without trial, he was actually tried and found not guilty on August 27, 1895.4 Curry headed for the famous outlaw enclave known as Hole-in-the-Wall, southwest of the present town of Kaycee, in Johnson County, Wyoming.

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Medium 9781855759220

CHAPTER FOUR: Coming into one’s own: the oedipus complex and the couple in late adolescence

Karnac Books ePub

Margot Waddell

It is now recognized that there is an indivisible link between the oedipus complex and the depressive position as it figures in Klein’s later work and in post-Kleinian writing. If one can sufficiently know and bear the experience of the oedipal situation and of the depressive position, centrally important developments can take place. A creative couple can be internalized, and the capacity strengthened for discrimination, in psychic reality, between the generations and the sexes.

Thought of in these terms (Britton, 1989, 1992; O’Shaughnessy 1989), the oedipus complex puts fundamental issues of sexual identity into context with more general issues concerning the “whole process of engendering, disguising, attacking, and tolerating meaning” (Rusbridger, 1999, p. 488). In this model we see the child presented with the painful necessity of separating, with the accompanying feared, yet also alluring, possibility of actual separateness. This situation presents the child with the potential to be him or herself, based on a growing feeling of integration, a sense of becoming one-self. At this point the child has psychically to accommodate the reality of a “creative relationship of which he is the product and from which he is excluded” (Rusbridger, 1999, p. 488). He or she has to tolerate the impossibility of claiming and winning one parent at the expense of the other, and to endure the position of being the observer of a relationship in which he or she does not belong. This is a position of being, in other words, at the lonely point of the triangle; of having to acknowledge the existence of a different kind of relationship from that available with either parent, unless perversely or abusively.

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Medium 9781855758438

CHAPTER FIFTEEN: Gradiva: representations of the feminine sphere

Schaeffer, Jacqueline Karnac Books ePub

“His Majesty the Ego, the hero alike of every day-dream and every story.”

—Freud (1908e [1907], p. 150)

Ernest Jones (1953–1957, vol. II, p. 382) tells us that Gradiva is one of the three texts by Freud that most clearly deserve to be described as “charming”, the other two (in Jones's opinion) being Leonardo da Vinci and the paper on the “Three caskets”. Freud himself thought his study of Gradiva (1907a) was “graceful”, and in a letter to Jung in 1907 he said that although it contained nothing new, it did enable us to enjoy our riches.

Today's reader is just as delighted as Freud was by Jensen's fascinating text. In his “Creative writers and day-dreaming”, Freud (1908e [1907]) relates it to an “incentive bonus” or “fore-pleasure”, to an enigma that keeps us in suspense, and to the fact that it “makes possible the release of still greater pleasure arising from deeper psychical sources” (p. 154).

Curiously enough, Freud was just as fascinated by Jensen's short story Gradiva: ein pompejanisches Phantasiestück (Jensen 1903)—even though, in 1925, he claimed that it had “no particular merit in itself” (Freud 1925d, p. 65)—as was Norbert Hanold by the relief, even though he “did not in fact find in [it] anything calling for special notice from the point of view of his branch of science” (Freud 1907a [1906], p. 11). Although it is easy to understand Freud's delight when he found the Gradiva relief in the Vatican museum, he must really have been captivated by it, since he went as far as to obtain a copy to place in his psychoanalytic consulting-room!

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