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Medium 9781855758087

Chapter One: Introduction to attachment

Allez, Glyn Hudson Karnac Books ePub

He listens to the regular, pulsating beat of her heart, the gurgling of her bowels, and the swirl of blood and fluids all around him. His movements are slow and undefined as he bounces within the amniotic fluid. He can manage to get his hand into his mouth to suck on tiny fingers. It feels warm and comforting. He feels safe.

Suddenly, her body swirls and falls. He hears her voice let out a scream and he bounces on the top and then the bottom of his uterine walls as she falls to the floor, his arms flailing out to clutch at something. A sudden blow impacts into her stomach. He flinches from the pain of the blow, his little heart pounds faster with a surge of adrenaline and cortisol. He hears another scream of pain. His hands reach out to bang on the sides of the placenta, and fire surges through his system from the umbilical chord. Terror is surging through his body. He can hear another voice, deeper, less clear, screaming close as she tries to get up, but again she falls to the floor. He kicks out with his feet and his arms in the fluid. “Remember me! Remember me! Will I survive?”

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Medium 9781780642994

22 Nutrition Education and Food Security Interventions to Improve Complementary Feeding in Cambodia

Thompson, B., Amoroso, L. CABI PDF

22

Nutrition Education and Food Security

Interventions to Improve Complementary

Feeding in Cambodia

Nutrition and Consumer Protection Division (AGN),*† Agriculture and

Consumer Protection Department (AG)

Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Rome, Italy

Summary

Improving child feeding during the first 2 years of life is crucial for preventing and reducing chronic undernutrition and micronutrient deficiencies. This project aimed to improve food security (FS) and dietary diversity, with focus on infant and young child feeding between the ages of 6 and 23 months, in vulnerable rural households in Cambodia. It covered 356 households in nine provinces. Integrated with targeted FS actions, the formative research technique ‘Trials of improved practices’ (TIPS) was used to test the acceptability and feasibility of complementary feeding recipes, and involved families in making the best possible use of locally available resources, with emphasis on animal source foods, fruits and vegetables, and a little oil for improved child feeding. A total of 15 nutritionally improved recipes (rice based or sweet potato/taro based, enriched with a variety of readily available local foods) were developed. Approximately 70% of households achieved better dietary diversity using locally available foods 3–5 times a week. Items in a child’s diet increased from two to three food items to ten or more. Other notable achievements included the acquisition of knowledge and skills by mothers and caregivers, and information sharing with nonparticipants, suggesting a good potential for peer education by TIPs participants. The improved recipes and recommendations were disseminated to 9000 households during the period January to 30 April 2011 through community nutrition promoters trained by the project. The results support the need for combining dietary counselling with targeted FS actions aimed at increasing nutrient-dense local foods.

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Medium 9781855752542

CHAPTER FIVE. The countertransference in the work of Ferenczi

Haynal, Andre Karnac Books ePub

Iassume that most readers have already passed through the two stages through which all beginners go: the stage of enthusiasm at the unexpected increase in our therapeutic achievements and the stage of depression at the magnitude of the difficulties that stand in the way of our efforts. At whatever point in this development, however, each reader may happen to be, my intention today is to show that we have by no means come to the end of our resources for combating the neuroses, and that we may expect a substantial improvement in our therapeutic prospects before long (Freud, 1910d, p. 141).

Introduction

The countertransference dimension was not lacking in Freud’s perception of therapeutic relations. Nor indeed could it have been, considering that one of his pioneering publications, on Anna O, is based on the account of Breuer, including that of his countertransference and panic (a caricature of an “a posteriori account”). It is difficult not to caricature the kinds of countertransference revealed by the first psychoanalytic cases, such as the erotic counter-transferences of male therapists towards young women and other prototypal situations from the early days of psychoanalysis. Apart from Anna O and Josef Breuer, we have Sabina Spielrein and Carl Gustav Jung, or Elma Pálos and Sándor Ferenczi, and hovering in the background in each case is Freud, in the capacity, one is tempted to say, of “supervisor”.

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Medium 9781942496427

Epilogue Next Steps

Juli K. Dixon Solution Tree Press ePub

An important role of mathematics teachers is to help students understand mathematics as a focused, coherent, and rigorous area of study, regardless of the specific content standards used. To teach mathematics with such depth, you must have a strong understanding of the mathematics yourself as well as a myriad of teaching strategies and tools with which to engage students. Hopefully, by providing the necessary knowledge, tools, and opportunities for you to become a learner of mathematics once more, this book has empowered you to fill this role.

Now what? How do you take what you learned from doing mathematics and make good use of it as the teacher of mathematics?

Our position is that you first need to apply what you learned to your lesson planning. Are you planning for instruction that focuses on teaching concepts before procedures? How is your planning aligned to developing learning progressions? How will you ensure that your lessons do not end up as a collection of activities? What follows are strategies that will help you use what you experienced as learners and apply it to what you do as teachers.

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Medium 9781780490823

Chapter Thirty-Three: Fairbairn and partitive conceptions of mind

Karnac Books ePub

Tamas Pataki

Partitive conceptions of mind in philosophy

In the second of his Meditations Descartes wrote: “I am unable to distinguish any parts within myself. I understand myself to be something quite single and complete” (1642). Here Descartes identifies himself with his mind or soul, a conception akin to a pre-philosophical intuition that in each of us something inner, unified, an essential “me” is the locus of perception, deliberation, decision, and agency. That is not the only way in which to understand personal identity but some such conception underlies our everyday understanding and expectation of others, our moral attitudes to them, and our various contractual and judicial institutions. Personal unity (and continuity) seem to be ineliminable conditions of self-understanding and the understanding of others in social arrangement.

However, the conditions are strained in various circumstances. The most striking of these are multiple personality disorder and some psychoses, but there are others. Philosophers for a long time have been concerned with four sets of such circumstances: ambivalence, akrasia (weakness of the will), self-deception, and wishful thinking. I want to say a few words about these concepts, unfamiliar perhaps to the psychoanalytic reader.

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