Chapters & Articles Get by the chapter or add to your own ebook

Medium 9781855757547

“Creative Writers and Day-Dreaming”: A Parochial View

Karnac Books ePub

“Creative Writers and Day-dreaming”

A Parochial View

MOISÉS LEMLIJ

As I have not managed to destroy the demons of my unconscious, I must consciously use their power. Demons put to good work are worth more than idle angels.
—Juan Rios, 1993

There are many perspectives from which one can approach this text by Freud, and numerous themes that can be developed from it. One could, for example, refer to other contributions to the theories of creativity and fantasy or to the methodological problems involved in the psychoanalytical approach to the artist and his work. I have opted for a point of view that could well be characterized as “localist.” From my “parochial” sphere, I attempt to approach some universal truths and uncertainties. I am motivated by the example of Freud himself, who, as George Steiner (1976) points out, extracted universal certainties from parochial material: on the one hand, from oral sources provided to him by his patients, most of them middle-class Viennese Jewish women, a sample that could well be characterized as biased in ethnic, cultural, and gender terms, and, on the other, from written material extracted from the syllabus of great literature as it was taught and categorized in Freud's Austria.

See All Chapters
Medium 9780749461973

11. Conflict

Comfort, Jeremy Kogan Page ePub

11

Conflict

This chapter focuses on:

Causes of conflict

One persons conflict is another persons debate. In other words, what people see as a conflict can vary enormously. In this chapter, we mean by conflict a breakdown or turbulence in a working relationship caused by one or more people feeling strongly about an event or an on-going situation. An event could be a meeting in which someone speaks rudely or it could be a failure to do a piece of work that had been agreed on. An on-going situation could be a lack of support in a demanding role or the implementation of change of some kind. These events or situations upset us and engage our emotions. We can feel anger, hatred, resentment or jealousy.

This emotional response differentiates conflict from a misunderstanding or disagreement where it should be possible to distinguish between the reason for the misunderstanding or disagreement and your feelings. However, in some cultures and with some people, a disagreement can often provoke emotion and thus lead to conflict as we define it.

See All Chapters
Medium 9781855754423

APPENDIX I State benefits

D'Ombraine Hewitt, Roz Karnac Books ePub

Britain's social security system has been described as the best in the world, but it can seem complicated when someone wants to find out their entitlements. Benefits may be means tested, others depend on the amount of National Insurance (NI) contributions made. At the time of writing, the following benefits are available, but as the entitlement rules and benefits will change, in order not to miss out it is important to check the eligibility criteria.

Statutory Sick Pay (SSP)

This is a taxable payment made to employees by their employers for up to twenty-eight weeks in any period of sickness which lasts four or more days. SSP does not depend on NI contributions. A person can be employed either full- or part-time, but he or she must earn at least the lower earnings limit, currently 84 a week. Unemployed and self-employed people are not eligible for SSP, but may be able to claim incapacity benefit instead.

Incapacity Benefit (IB)

Previously known as Sickness Benefit and Invalidity Benefit, IB is for people who cannot work because of illness or disability and who have not reached retirement age (sixty for women and sixty-five for men). Usually it is related to NI contributions and requires regular medical certificates (sick notes) from a doctor that state that the person is still unable to work. But this does not apply if the person was incapable of work before age twenty or, in some cases, twenty-five, and they claim in time. In that case the person claims “IB in youth”. For people aged sixty or over, IB has been replaced by pension credit.

See All Chapters
Medium 9781855750050

9. Individual Differences

Brazelton, T. Berry; Cramer, Bertrand G. Karnac Books ePub

Over years of experience in assessing newborn babies, we have been struck by the pronounced individual differences between them. These differences affect both the way an infant will participate in early interaction, and the way parents will respond. The importance of these individual differences to the early parent-child relationship must not be underestimated. Fortunately, because of the psychological energy which is churned up during pregnancy, the parents’ capacity to understand and empathize with a baby is enhanced. Parents seem to be programmed to look for and value the individuality of their particular baby. The more that fathers and mothers can be encouraged to use this powerful psychological energy for recognizing characteristic responses and strengths in their babies, the firmer their early relationship will be.

The most fortunate families are those who enjoy a fit between the baby’s individuality and the family’s capacity to nurture. There are major differences in wishes and expectations from one set of parents to another. Parents also have personality characteristics limiting the kind of baby they may be able to handle. Energetic, intense parents are likely to feel more comfortable with an active child. A quiet, sensitive parent might feel overwhelmed and angry with the same infant. A quiet baby who waited to demonstrate a reaction might suit them better. While some responsive, well-organized babies would be easy for any parent, most parents must work to achieve an understanding of their baby in order to achieve a good fit. The following three cases suggest the range of possible parent-baby combinations and the challenge they present.

See All Chapters
Medium 9781576755969

CHAPTER ELEVEN The Peace Treaty

Savir, Uri Berrett-Koehler Publishers ePub

THE PEACE TREATY IS NOT AN END BUT A BEGINNING; IT IS the genesis of new relations between former enemies, a compass that guides cooperative and sustainable relationships. In line with the new peacemaking process, the peace treaty cannot merely concern itself with solutions to past tribulations, security arrangements, the distribution of spoils, and a formal definition of future relations. Historical peace treaties read like divorce papers, focused on the distribution of chattel with the aim of an amicable parting. The modern peace treaty should read more like the agreement of an arranged marriage—a relationship stemming not from idealism or love but from pragmatism, based on the realistic elements needed to sustain a relationship.

I have written about the need for a more transparent peace process. This is particularly true when it comes to the language of peace treaties. Not only do traditional agreements concentrate on subjects that have little to do with the real struggles of post-conflict societies, but also they often are littered with dense, legal jargon that may seem impenetrable to the average citizen. For example, the General Peace Agreement for Mozambique, Protocol II (1991) makes the following statement regarding the “criteria and arrangements for the formation and recognition of political parties”:

See All Chapters

See All Chapters