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Medium 9780253012883

2 The Liberal, the Neoliberal, and the Illiberal: Dynamics of Diversity and Politics of Identity in Contemporary Rome / Michael Herzfeld

ISABELLA CLOUGH MARINARO Indiana University Press ePub

The ascent to power of Pope Pius IX anticipates in many ways the paradoxical status of the Eternal City. Hailed as a liberator (and, more to the point, as a liberal), he soon demonstrated his repressively conservative and antirevolutionary colors and is now principally remembered as a cruel tyrant who authorized a virtual orgy of executions in the desperate and ultimately unsuccessful attempt to perpetuate Vatican control of Rome. His motives were not those of the Greek patriarch of Constantinople, whose opposition to his compatriots’ national revolution was inspired more by justifiable fear of Ottoman reprisals—they eventually executed him despite his stance—than by any principled disagreement with the revolution’s ideals. Pius IX, by contrast, did not fear the existing authority; he represented it in his own person. What he did fear and resist was the Vatican’s political collapse that, over a period stretching from the nationalist insurgents’ capture of Rome in 1871 to the Lateran Concordat signed with Mussolini in 1929, he and his successors were ultimately forced to accept.

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Medium 9781591202486

6. Natural Gene Therapy, Vincent C. Giampapa, MD, FACS

Challem, Jack Basic Health Publications ePub

Vincent C. Giampapa is a founding member of the American Academy of Anti-Aging Medicine (A4M), past president of the American Board of Anti-Aging Medicine, a clinical assistant professor at the University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey Medical Center in Newark, New Jersey, and director of the Giampapa Institute. Address: Skin & Body Clinic, 89 Valley Road, Montclair, NJ 07042. Tel: 973-746-3535. E-mail: Website:

Over the past twenty years, the field of anti-aging medicine has evolved from simply incorporating lifestyle changes—such as diet, exercise, and vitamin administration as an anti-aging regimen— to sampling your individualized DNA and utilizing this information to create a personalized anti-aging program. This quantum leap of information has allowed the first generation of human beings to directly take charge of how they age and to be personally responsible for their ongoing health and longevity. I have witnessed these changes over the past two decades, and have been excited about helping people to significantly increase and improve the odds of their longevity.

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Medium 9781609949198

7 The Path of “WE”

Foundation, Anasazi Berrett-Koehler Publishers ePub

I would like to tell you more about my people.

Our story may help you to see the world anew
and to discover the majesty that lives in the hills.

My people have been upon the earth
as long as time itself, or at least so it is told.

According to legend, the Creator made Mother Earth
and dressed her with light, wind, water, stone,
plants, and animals. Then he placed my people
among his creation.

It is said that all creation lived in harmony. In all that they
did, light, wind, water, stone, plants, animals, and my
people supported one another. They had become, in the
language of my people, “WE”—that is, “as one.”

This pleased the Creator.

But this harmony did not last. Some say that a dark cloud
enveloped the earth and turned my people from the path
of light. Other say they were bound by a great cord, keeping
their feet from the sure path of stone. However it happened,
the hearts of my people began to walk backward against
creation. Darkness reigned, and the harmony was broken.

Witnessing the strife among the workmanship
of his hands, the Creator shed tears as the rain upon the
mountains. Unless creation could again be made as one,
the children of Mother Earth would be lost.

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Medium 9781782201793

Chapter Five - Unconscious Knowing: Psychoanalytic Evidence in Support of a Radical Epistemic View

Karnac Books ePub

Linda A. W. Brakel


In most standard contemporary work in philosophy of mind and epistemology, knowledge is considered some form of true belief. (See Armstrong, 1973, p. 137; Goldman, 1975, p. 111; Margolis, 1973, p. 3; and also Williamson, 2000, p. 2, who emphatically does not share this view but notes it historically.) Until the publication of the Gettier cases (Gettier, 1963) this issue seemed largely settled with justified true belief regarded as the type of belief that simply was knowledge. (See Danto, 1968, p. 73; Shope, 1983, pp. 10–11). After Edmund Gettier (1963) presented cases in which even justified true belief could not suffice for knowledge,1 the status of justified true belief as knowledge did indeed change. But, interestingly, the quest to explain knowledge in terms of belief did not change. Belief continued to be held among the conditions necessary, but alas not sufficient for knowledge (Goldman, 1975, pp. 111–112; Margolis, 1973, p. 3). Thus, according to Timothy Williamson (2000), for the last four decades many epistemologists “have expended vast efforts attempting to state exactly what kind of true belief knowledge is” (p. 2).2 Williamson holds that philosophers of mind similarly “marginalize the category of knowledge” insofar as “belief is what matters for the understanding of the mind”—belief being the mental attitude that aims at the truth, and truth obtaining only when the truth conditions of the belief match those of the world (p. 2).3 For these philosophers too, then, knowledge not only entails belief but is also “merely a peculiar kind of true belief” (p. 2), one requiring at least two additions to the mental state of belief—first, truth, as is needed also for true belief, and then “other more elusive features” (p. 3).4 Thus both for epistemologists attempting to specify the essence of knowledge and belief, and for philosophers of mind attempting to gain knowledge of the mind, belief is maintained as the foundational attitude, conceptually prior to knowledge.

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Medium 9781742207179

Turku & the South Coast

Lonely Planet Lonely Planet ePub

Anchoring the country's southwest is Finland's former capital, Turku. This striking seafaring city stretches along a broad river from its Gothic cathedral to the medieval castle and vibrant harbour, and challenges Helsinki’s cultural cred with excellent galleries, museums, restaurants and rocking music festivals that electrify the summer air. Just northwest, charming Naantali makes an easy side trip or atmospheric alternative base.

Throughout the south, the coastline is strung with characterful little towns. The Swedish and Russian empires fought for centuries over the area's ports and today they’re commandeered by castles and fortresses that seem at odds with the sunshine and sailing boats. Inland, charming bruk (ironworks precinct) villages offer an insight into the area's industrial past. Scattered offshore, islands provide yachting opportunities, sea-salt retreats and a sea full of stepping stones across to Åland and Sweden.

AJun Turku turns back to the Middle Ages during its lively Medieval Market.

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