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Medium 9781475816464

Burnout in Turkish Computer Teachers: Problems and Predictors

International Journal of Educational Ref Rowman & Littlefield Publishers ePub

Deniz Deryakulu

Because computing has been considered to be one of the survival skills of the knowledge age (Trilling & Hood, 1999), many recent educational reform initiatives in developing countries include a computer literacy stage for students and teachers and, later, an information and communication technology diffusion stage to improve access to education, increase the quality of education, and implement educational reform (Arias & Clark, 2004; Perraton, 2000). In 1998, the Turkish Ministry of National Education (MNE) received a loan from the World Bank for the Basic Education Program, which is one of the key elements of the centralized comprehensive national education reform. The primary aims of the Basic Education Program are to expand the scope of basic education and to improve the quality of education. To achieve the latter, the MNE set additional aims, such as that to ensure that each student and teacher become computer literate, to integrate information technologies into school curriculum, and to establish information technology classrooms and computer laboratories in schools (Ministry of National Education, 2004b). At the same time, the MNE revised the curricula of several compulsory courses and designed some new elective courses to contribute to the improvement of the quality of education. In this context, computer as an elective subject was added to the elementary school curriculum in 1998 as 1 or 2 hours per week for Grades 4–8 and was later added to the academic high school curriculum in 2000 for Grades 9–10. The primary aim of this subject is to increase the number of computer-literate students (Ministry of National Education, 1998, 2000).

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Medium 9780253001795

3. Postcolonial Pre-Columbian Cosmologies of Night in Contemporary U.S.-Based Central American Texts

DeGuzmán, María ePub

Then, the four hundred boys whom Zipacná had killed,
also ascended, and so they again became the companions of [the boys]
and were changed into stars in the sky.

Popol Vuh

The Invisibility of U.S.-Based Central American Cultural Production

Central America is the invisible sleeping giant or the eclipsed celestial body in the study of U.S. Latina/o culture, Latin American culture, and American (United States) culture. I deploy the phrase “sleeping giant” to remind U.S.-based critics and readers of the ideological framework of a particular “Latin Americanism” (to borrow Román de la Campa’s phrase)1 that afflicts consideration of Central America, especially in the United States. An American Cold War against land redistribution and liberation movements in Central America and the proliferation of government-sponsored counterinsurgency operatives in many Central American countries (including Nicaragua, El Salvador, Guatemala, and Honduras) have over-determined U.S. consideration of Central America. This framework has played a significant part in creating an occlusion of U.S. vision with regard to both the living presence of Central Americans here in the United States itself (for example, over one million Central Americans live in Southern California around the Los Angeles area) and to the socioeconomic, cultural, and political complexity of each country and of the countries in relation to one another (the significant presence, for instance, of Salvadorans living in Honduras). Diaspora in relation to Central America is varied. It involves Central Americans in one Central American country moving to another Central American country as well as to other countries such as Mexico, the United States, and Spain.

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Medium 9781576753057

13. The Beginning of the End

Edgar Schein Berrett-Koehler Publishers ePub


DEC’s end did not come with either a bang or a whimper. Rather, it was a long drawn-out process consisting of several years of success mixed with occasional crises, recognition in the late 1980s that a new way of managing had to be found, intense efforts to market new products, networking and systems integration through large fairs, finally the acceptance of open standards and commodities, recognition of the need to downsize, two painful years of nonprofitability (1991 and 1992), and Ken Olsen’s resignation in late 1992.

The board promoted Bob Palmer, vice president of semiconductors, who then spent six years trying to bring DEC back to profitability by selling off some units, imposing a more disciplined way of managing, and changing elements of the culture by bringing in outsiders in senior management roles. The formal DEC era ended in 1998 with the sale of the company to the Compaq Corporation. My direct involvement ended in 1992, so I can only provide limited secondhand data about the later years, but I interviewed many ex-DEC managers while they were working at Compaq.

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Medium 9780874259414

Chapter 11 - Managing your Parents - or Grandparents: You're in Good Company

Bruce Tulgan HRD Press, Inc. PDF

A Case Study:

The Ninja Assassin and the Wingman

WHEN CARTER DURYEA, the 26-year-old rising star in the film In Good Company, gets promoted to advertising sales manager at a sports magazine, his exuberant reaction is,

“I’m going to kick butt and take no prisoners . . . I’m going to be a ninja assassin!”

Underneath this bravado, however, is a scared Gen Yer who has no idea what he’s doing. Coming face to face with 51-year-old Dan Freeman, the former manager who is older than his father, Carter keeps up his ninja façade.

He admits he has no experience but is a fast learner, and then arrogantly informs Dan that he has “the potential to be an awesome wingman.” When Dan asks, “What’s the benefit for me?” Carter smugly responds, “You get to keep your job.”

Carter Duryea is the product of youthful ambition plus early success minus the benefits of hard-earned experience.

While smart enough to keep Freeman on as a “wingman”— the “old guy” knows more about the business than he ever will—Carter is clueless about leading meetings, creating

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Medium 9781475816518

Antecedents of Teachers’ Perceived Effectiveness of School-Based-Managing Schools

International Journal of Educational Ref Rowman & Littlefield Publishers ePub

Adam Nir

The difficulty in education to determine causality between means and ends brings various issues and variables to the discussion about the antecedents of school effectiveness. Although teachers’ level of professional development is clearly among the factors influencing student outcomes, little is known about the extent to which teachers connect administrative encouragement in their professional development with school effectiveness in school-based-managing (SBM) schools in which improved effectiveness is an expectation. Therefore, the following study attempts to assess to what extent teachers connect their professional development to school effectiveness and what is the relative importance of teacher proficiency in explaining perceived school effectiveness relative to other organizational features characterizing the inner school context and teacher–principal relations.

The assumed connection between SBM and the improvement of school outcomes is considered a major driving force behind some of the recent decentralization initiatives employed in educational systems around the world.

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