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Medium 9781936765478

Chapter 5 Leading the Implementation of Required Response to Intervention

Timothy D. Kanold Solution Tree Press ePub

Ultimately there are two kinds of schools: learning enriched schools and learning impoverished schools. I have yet to see a school where the learning curves . . . of the adults were steep upward and those of the students were not. Teachers and students go hand and hand as learners . . . or they don’t go at all

—Roland Barth

As the curriculum is written, the unit learning targets are set, and the assessments are in place, teachers’ current instructional processes need to meet the needs of each student in their courses. As you read the Common Core State Standards for mathematics for the first time, you might think about the students in each class, school site, or district and wonder, “Will they be able to respond positively to the expected complexity for each grade level? Can teachers develop the CCSS Mathematical Practices in each student? How will each student be able to succeed with rich and meaningful mathematical tasks? Are there different learning opportunities for different groups of students, depending on their mathematics ability or diversity? How can teachers generate equitable learning experiences so that each student is prepared to meet the demands of the Common Core mathematics as described in this book?” The key to answering these questions is the essential work of the collaborative teams you lead. To create an equitable mathematics program, teachers and school leaders alike must ensure current structures for teaching and learning will generate greater access, equity, and opportunity to learn for each student in each grade level or course.

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Medium 9780253018656

Part I. Defining and Assessing Antisemitism

Rosenfeld, Alvin H. Indiana University Press ePub


Something new was happening here: the

growth of a new intolerance.

It was spreading across the surface of the

earth, but nobody wanted to know.

A new word had been created to help the

blind remain blind: Islamophobia.

To criticize the militant stridency of this religion in its

contemporary incarnation was to be a bigot.

A phobic person was extreme and irrational in his views,

and so the fault lay with such persons

and not with the belief system that boasted

over one billion followers worldwide.

—Salman Rushdie, Joseph Anton: A Memoir

IN 1910, a French drafter for the Ministry of the Colonies, Alain Quellien, published Muslim Politics in Western Africa (La Politique musulmane dans l’Afrique occidentale].1 Aimed at a specialist audience, it offered temperate praise of Koranic religion, regarded as “practical and permissive” and best suited to the natives, whereas Christianity was considered “too complicated, too abstract, too austere for the primitive and materialistic mentality of the Negro.” Observing that Islam, through its civilizing influence, contributed to European penetration, that it “dragg[ed] populations out of fetishism and degrading practices,” the author urged his readers to abandon the prejudices that equated that faith with barbarism and fanaticism. He denounced the “islamophobia” rampant among colonial personnel: as he put it, “to sing the praises of Islam is as unfair as unjustly denigrating it.” On the contrary, the religion should be treated impartially. In that instance, Quellien spoke as an administrator concerned with public order: he blamed the desire of Europeans to demonize a religion that maintained peace in the Empire, whatever were the various kinds of abuse—slavery, polygamy—it gave rise to. Since Islam was the best ally of colonialism, its followers had to be protected from the nefarious influence of modern ideas and their ways of life respected. Another colonial official, serving in Dakar, Maurice Delafosse, wrote around the same time that “no matter what those who endorse Islamophobia as a principle of colonial administration may claim, France has nothing more to fear from Muslims in Western Africa than from non-Muslims [ . . . ]. There is no justification for Islamophobia in Western Africa, whereas Islamophilia, understood as a preference granted to Muslims, might create a sense of mistrust in non-Muslim populations, which happen to be the most numerous.”2 However, the terms Islamophobia and Islamophilia remained scarcely used, except by scholars, until the beginning of the 1980s. At that point, the term Islamophobia began to gain use as a political tool in the aftermath of the 1979 Islamic Revolution in Teheran. A floating signifier in search of meaning, the term Islamophobia can indeed refer to two different things: either the criticism of Islam or discrimination exerted against the followers of the Koran. A word is not the property of the person who first used it but of those who have reinvented it so as to popularize its use. A newcomer in the semantic field of antiracism, that term is governed by three principles I dwell on here: the inviolability principle, the equivalence principle, and the substitution principle.

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Medium 9781457111617


Joshua Kryah University Press of Colorado ePub

Or we were poor and we did not know we were.

Or we were not poor and we thought we were.

Or we knew we were not poor.

Or just enough we did not deny being poor.

Or others told us we were poor and we believed we were.

Or this is what we told ourselves when we disliked others.

Or it was good to be poor among those who were not poor.

Or we had friends who were poor but did not know they were.

Or the poor were always among us.

Or we wanted nothing to do with the poor even if we were poor.

Or someone somewhere in our family had been poor.

Or it was a story we learned from our older brother who told us we were poor.

Or we told ourselves “at least we’re not poor.”

Or we made up things to make our lives a little less poor.

Always blood and those who give of it so freely.

The hemophiliac, the martyr.

The meatpacking plant at the end of the street.

Piles of ice dumped out back, soaked with the blood of deer, their hind legs broken, stabbed through, hung to drain.

And the children, always the children.

Gathering the ice into small handfuls, licking it as one would a snow cone.

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Medium 9781591201977

107. Foil the Common Sleep Robbers

Klatz M.D. D.O., Ronald Basic Health Publications ePub

If you experience trouble falling asleep, or staying asleep, consider the following:

• An irregular or inconsistent schedule of being awake/asleep sets the biological stage for poor sleep. Set a regular schedule, particularly for the time at which you get up every day.

• Avoid caffeine (commonly found in soda, soft drinks, coffee, and tea), which is a stimulant, for six hours before bedtime, longer if you know this substance gives you trouble sleeping. Also avoid hidden sources of caffeine, such as chocolate and some over-the-counter pain and cold remedies.

• Avoid nicotine, which is also a stimulant, from cigarettes and nicotine-replacement products, for at least six hours before bedtime.

• Avoid drinking alcohol after dinnertime. While a drink may help you fall asleep, it will probably cause you to awaken in the middle of the night.

• If you are on any prescription or over-the-counter medications, find out from your doctor or pharmacist if any of them could be keeping you awake or causing you to not get a refreshing sleep.

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Medium 9781591203568

PERK #62: I Haven’t Been Sick Since I Got Cancer

Strang BA BEd MEd, Florence Basic Health Publications ePub

Perk #62

I Haven’t Been Sick Since I Got Cancer

One night, amid hacking and coughing, my boyfriend Shawn turned to me and said, “Darlin’, maybe I should sleep in another room. I don’t want you to catch this cold.” To which I promptly replied, “Oh, don’t worry about me. I haven’t been sick since I got cancer.” The words were already out of my mouth before I realized the irony of it! The truth was, I had not had a cold, flu, or stomach bug in nearly a year, despite being surrounded by contagious kids. Cold seasons came and went in my home, and I nursed each of my three children through the dreaded stomach flu, but for some reason, I was unaffected. Even my lifelong companion, irritable bowel syndrome (yes, it is as irritating as it sounds), took a hike.

Hmm. To what did I owe this reprieve from boogers and other unpleasantries? I chalked it up to a robust immune system. Before getting cancer, I took my immune system for granted, assuming that it would ward off the enemy fueled by the likes of diet colas and potato chips. While my killer T-cells snoozed, viruses and bacteria moved in and took up residence in my body. Then came the ultimate ambush: CANCER. What a rude awakening. I knew it was time to make friends with my killer Ts by feeding them nourishing foods and giving them some exercise. I even spent time each day picturing these little soldiers traveling through my body seeking and destroying the dreaded enemy. It paid off. Other than the adverse side effects of my treatments (which cannot be blamed on a lazy immune system), I was one of the healthiest cancer patients you’d ever meet.

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