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Medium 9781937538248

C Glossary and Acronyms

Uwe Steinmueller Rocky Nook-IPS ePub

Camera: Nikon D100

absolute colorimetric • See rendering intent.

ACR • see Adobe Camera Raw – the Raw converter of Adobe Photoshop and Bridge.

ACEAdobe Color Engine is a color conversion tool created by Adobe, which is used to convert images from one color space to another.

Adobe RGB (1998) • A color space defined by Adobe. It is well-suited for digital photographs and has a reasonably wide gamut, larger than sRGB, and includes most printable colors.

artifacts (or artefacts) • An undesirable effect visible when an image is printed or displayed, such as moiré patterns, banding or compression artifacts. Compression artifacts (JPEG artifacts) may result from too much JPEG compression. Also over-sharpening may produce artifacts.

banding • Noticeable tonal level jumps in an area, where a continuous tone level would normally be. Banding is one type of artifact.

black point • The density (or color) of the darkest black a device may reproduce. Black levels beyond that are clipped to the black point.

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Medium 9780874259803

Communication Style

Jonamay Lambert HRD Press PDF


Communication Style


Communication style is a speaker’s approach to conveying thoughts and messages using specific linguistic techniques. The purpose of this activity is to help participants understand some of the gender-related communication styles that have been identified by linguists, and to look at the general effects these differences in style may have on the opposite sex.


20 to 30 minutes


Handouts 47.1 and 47.2 for each participant

Exercise 47.1 for each participant


1. Distribute Handout 47.1 and allow several minutes for participants to read the article as background for this activity.

2. Ask participants if they are aware of other differences in communication (such as style) between men and women. One example is the manner in which men and women sometimes differ in giving orders, say, direct orders vs. apologetic requests. Ask if, in communication between men and women, the participants hear either sex using phrases such as, “Excuse me, but...” or “I’m sorry to interrupt, but...” Use their answers to lead into the sample lecture.

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Medium 9781449390525

8. Multilingual Sites

Angela Byron O'Reilly Media ePub

Creating a website with community content is great, but what if some or all of your community doesnt read or write English? Its a big world, and only about 6% of it speaks English as a native language. Multilingual sites allow you to reach out to your community members and let them feel comfortable contributing. Having multiple languages is not as simple as having users post content in whichever language they like. There are other things to consider, like navigation, date formatting, and help text. And what about having the same post available in multiple languages, and easily navigating between them? Once you start thinking about it in detail, there is a lot of ground to cover. Luckily, Drupal core and a few contributed modules have done a lot of that hard work for us so we can concentrate on building our community and content.

The two main concepts for multilingual sites are internationalization, often abbreviated i18n, and localization, often abbreviated l10n. Internationalization is the underlying structure that allows software to be adapted to different languages, and localization is the process of actually translating the software for use by a specific locale. Localization is not necessarily limited to just translating text, but also encompasses changing things like date formats and currency.

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Medium 9781449334185

30. speaker

Charles Platt Maker Media, Inc ePub

sound source > reproducer > speaker

The term speaker is a diminution of loudspeaker. The full word is now so rarely used, some catalogs do not recognize it as a search term. This encyclopedia acknowledges contemporary usage by using speaker rather than loudspeaker.

A fully assembled consumer product can be referred to as a “speaker,” but it also contains one or more individual components that are described as “speakers.” To resolve this ambiguity, referring to the components as drivers is helpful, but this practice can create more ambiguity because other types of components are also called “drivers.” The only real guide to the meaning of speaker is the context in which it is used.

For the purposes of this entry, a speaker is a sound reproduction device, distinguished from a typical electromagnetic transducer by being larger and more powerful, with a more linear frequency response. A transducer may be used as a noise-creating device to provide an alert, informing the user of the status of a piece of equipment. Because some speakers have been miniaturized for use in handheld products, they may be used as transducers, allowing some overlap between the two categories.

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Medium 9781770905849


Richard Kamchen and Greg Oliver ECW Press ePub


Goaltending today is as much about science as it is about stopping the puck. The unprecedented advancements in, well, just about everything are pretty incredible.

The skates are better, the pads are lighter, the masks offer better protection, and the players are in better shape, with their personal trainers and chefs and year-round exercise regimens.

But the mental aspect of playing goal hasn’t changed a lot over the decades, and the stress of the job has been altered but not lessened, now that every team has a goalie coach (or two) working with netminders throughout the system.

David Marcoux, the goalie coach with the Calgary Flames from 2003 to 2009, is an example of the fundamental switch that happened in the early 1990s—the educator hadn’t come from the NHL ranks.

“I was a teacher, maybe the psychologist a little bit. But I was not intimidating,” said Marcoux, whose star pupil, Miikka Kiprusoff, took the Flames to the 2004 Stanley Cup Final. Marcoux added, “The trust that we could create was ‘Hey, I am here to help.’ We all say that as goalie coaches, the former goalies and the non–former NHL goalies, but I think there’s a way of going through your daily routine where he did not sense that I was a threat or judging.”

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