(left) Agricultural enterprises are the primary cause of pollution of the Bear River system. Private cattle feedlots built in the 1930s still cluster next to the river, many out of sight of the general public. Manure invariably washes into the river.
A dam and reservoir at Amalga/Barrens would cover Clay Slough, an arm of Cutler Reservoir, as well as fourteen hundred acres of valuable wetlands and mudflats that would be difficult to replace.
The air was oddly electric for a Jordan Valley Water Conservancy District (JVWCD) meeting in West Jordan, Utah. The board of trustees of the largest water wholesaler in booming southern Salt Lake County was convening in June 2000 to approve the budget — a prosaic subject that normally would attract only a cub reporter for a weekly newspaper — but everyone in the room knew that damming the Bear River was going to be the real topic of conversation. The Utah Rivers Council (URC) was bringing a busload of river activists to protest the dams, and northern Utah ranchers had arrived early to protect their land and livelihoods.
Czy pamitamy jeszcze czasy, w ktrych uytkownicy okrelali internet mianem world wide wait? Wracamy do neolitycznej epoki Sieci? W przypadku niektrych aplikacji aspekty dotyczce Sieci nie ulegy zasadniczej zmianie: wypeniamy formularz, klikamy przycisk, strona internetowa znika, czekamy, nastpuje odwieenie strony, poprawiamy popenione bdy, klikamy, czekamy, czekamy... Bylimy ju wczeniej zawieszeni w tego typu prni.
Jednake pewna ilo ostatnio powstaych witryn internetowych, na przykad doskonae aplikacje kartograficzne, ktre ostatnio zostay rozwinite, wymagaj znacznie wikszej reakcji w trakcie wspdziaania z uytkownikiem. Stary, konwencjonalny sposb wsppracy z uytkownikiem zakada, e caa strona znika po kadym klikniciu, a nowa pokazuje si w przegldarce jedynie wtedy, gdy odpowied z serwera jest kompletna. Oczywicie, niektre z nowych aplikacji wymagaj momentalnych zmian fragmentw strony internetowej, ale bez koniecznoci przeadowania caej strony.
Przykadowo, jeeli Czytelnik kiedykolwiek uywa Google Maps, to sposb, w jaki mona przecign mysz regiony mapy w oknie, wywouje wraenie, e mapy s przechowywane lokalnie na komputerze. Moemy sobie wyobrazi, jak bardzo ta aplikacja staaby si niepopularna, gdyby przy kadej prbie przecignicia aktualnego widoku strona znikaa na kilka (dugich) chwil, w trakcie ktrych przegldarka czeka na odpowied z serwera. Aplikacja byaby powolna i nikt nie chciaby z niej korzysta. Jakie wic czary powoduj, e taka aplikacja dziaa?
When my pockets were full of money, all my friends were standing round; Now when my pockets are all empty, not a friend on earth can be found.
—Ramblers Blues, American folk ballad
Plate sin with gold, and the strong lance of justice hurtless breaks; Arm it in rags, a pigmys straw does pierce it.
—King Lear, act 4, scene 4, William Shakespeare
MARKET CAPITALISM AND THE PRIVATE PROPERTY it uses to create an endless flow of wealth bring great benefits. But, within national economies and in the world at large, not everyone shares in this wealth. Consider the facts on global poverty even after a decade of dramatic economic growth, during which time private sector market activity created the controversial phenomenon known as globalization.1 Communism committed suicide, and free markets were finally recognized as the economic system that best produces goods and services.2
One billion people in the world are doing well, mostly in the European Union, the United States, Japan, Canada, Australia, Singapore, Hong Kong, Korea, and in a few other countries. The face value of stock market capitalization in these wealthy countries rose from roughly some $9 trillion in 1990 to some $35 trillion before the market downturn of 2000. These stock markets hold more than 95 percent of the worlds equity capital. By the end of the decade, on the other hand, half of all our humans—three billion people—live on less than three US dollars a day. Another two billion people are poor but live in countries that are making some economic progress.
The St. Louis to which the Lewis and Clark party returned was much changed from the frontier village they had visited on their way to the Mandan Villages in 1803. Then a scattering of houses made of mud, stone and rough-hewn logs had been crammed onto three streets at the river’s edge. Now the village had grown into a city with a population of about 5,000. Before, dead animals had rotted where they fell; now, there was an ordinance requiring their removal. There were speed limits for horses and carts. The town was thinking of starting a public library.1
Among St. Louis’s citizens by the end of 1809 were Toussaint,
Sacagawea, and their son Jean Baptiste. They had indicated to
Clark they would bring the child to him two years earlier, but may have delayed because hostile Arikara Indians were making river travel dangerous below the Mandan villages. Or maybe they just could not afford a trip to the city. In 1807, however, Toussaint had received another $409.16 and two-thirds cents under a bill passed by Congress doubling the explorers’ pay. The bill also