Carl Schurz’s tour included Yellowstone National Park. Besides Crook and Bourke, the party included Webb C. Hayes, son of President Rutherford B. Hayes, whom Crook had first met as a child when the elder Hayes served under him in the Civil War. As he grew up, Webb became a surrogate son to the childless Crooks.
The general was a frequent visitor at the Hayes home in Fremont,
Ohio, followed Webb’s progress through school, and took him on hunting trips. When Crook died, Webb stood with Mary Crook during the funeral.1
Bourke was impressed with the president’s son, commenting that Webb possessed “all the attributes of good companionship, with all the best qualities of manhood. He is very bright, gentle, good-humored, able to stand much fatigue and is a pretty good hunter.”2
Years later, in On the Border With Crook, he remarked with some humor on the relationship between the general and the president’s son.
1. The relationship between Crook and Webb Hayes is discussed in Robinson, General
In recent years there has been an unprecedented investment in mental health within primary care and through the Improving Access to Psychological Therapies (IAPT) programme. This has led to the establishment of services primarily offering cognitive behavioural therapy to those people with common mental health problems—that is, mild to moderate anxiety and depression. Lord Layard, the architect of the IAPT programme, made a compelling financial case for such investment—around 173 million in the first three years—because he was able to demonstrate how such provision would enable those people unable to work and requiring incapacity benefit to return to work, thereby becoming more productive in society and more fulfilled in their lives.
IAPT has done what it says on the tin, so to speak, enabling thousands of people to access psychological help who would have not been able to meet the threshold criteria for secondary care services. If you imagine the stepped care model as a pyramid, with the more complex, specialist services/interventions provided closer to the apex, then IAPT services have strengthened the foundation in primary care and aimed to improve links with secondary/tertiary services.
Ray Dandridge, the great third baseman, said that years after he finished playing, “I’d go out on the street and the kids didn’t know a thing about our Negro baseball.”
Creating a Legacy
The first push to recognize these players came from Ted
Williams. He played for the Boston Red Sox and is considered one of the greatest hitters of all time. He was inducted into the
National Baseball Hall of Fame in 1966. In his
Hall of Fame speech,
Williams said, “I hope
someday Satchel Paige
The last Negro Leagues player to reach the majors was also one of the best: Hank Aaron joined the Boston
Braves in 1954. He had played the
1952 season for the Indianapolis
Clowns when he was 18.
and Josh Gibson will be voted into the Hall of
Fame as symbols of the great Negro players who are not here only because they were not given the chance.”
Then, a few years later, Robert Peterson wrote a book called Only the Ball Was White. It was one of the first books about the Negro Leagues. In 1970, the Hall of Fame had virtually no records, documents, or other evidence from the