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Medium 9781855756199

V. Symbols, Signs, Epitome, Quintessence

Donald Meltzer Harris Meltzer Trust ePub

The models of the mind with which analysts work in their consulting rooms may be as various as the individuals who practise this method, but surely the great division is defined by the basic stuff with which they imagine themselves to deal, whether it is psychic energy or meaning. This cleavage naturally leads practitioners either towards the natural sciences for their metaphors, or towards theology and philosophy as embodied in myth and literature. Freud can clearly be seen to have been divided in his approach, using one for his theories and another for the description of clinical phenomena. In a certain sense the same could be said of the usage of Bion, where one type of metaphor is derived from mathematics and chemistry, and another set taken from mythology. But in Bion’s case there is no cleavage in the underlying model of the mind, only in the form of exposition. What he has borrowed from mathematics or chemistry are modes of thought for dealing with the model of the mind that he constructed over a period of twenty years, a model dedicated to bringing within the purview of the psycho-analytical method those disturbances of thought which bulk so large in schizophrenia, but which now, with the help of his schema, can be detected in lesser forms in less disturbed patients, including of course ourselves in the consulting room.

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Medium 9788131808153


Dr. R.K. Bansal Laxmi Publications PDF







Hydraulic machines are defined as those machines which convert either hydraulic energy (energy possessed by water) into mechanical energy (which is further converted into electrical energy ) or mechanical energy into hydraulic energy. The hydraulic machines, which convert the hydraulic energy into mechanical energy, are called turbines while the hydraulic machines which convert the mechanical energy into hydraulic energy are called pumps. Thus the study of hydraulic machines consists of study of turbines and pumps. Turbines consists of mainly study of Pelton turbine, Francis Turbine and

Kaplan Turbine while pumps consist of study of centrifugal pump and reciprocating pumps.



Turbines are defined as the hydraulic machines which convert hydraulic energy into mechanical energy. This mechanical energy is used in running an electric generator which is directly coupled to the shaft of the turbine. Thus the mechanical energy is converted into electrical energy. The electric power which is obtained from the hydraulic energy (energy of water) is known as Hydroelectric power.

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Medium 9781847778512


Clarke, Gillian Carcanet Press Ltd. PDF
Medium 9780596510442

5. Advanced Drawing and Coloring

E. A. Vander Veer O'Reilly Media ePub

Chapter2 showed you how to create a simple drawing using Flash's drawing and painting tools. But in real lifewhether you're pounding out Flash animations for your boss or for your own personal Web siteyou're rarely going to be satisfied with a simple drawing. For each keyframe of your animation, you're going to want to start with a basic sketch and then play with it, changing its color, moving a line here and there, adding a graphic element or two, and repositioning it until it looks exactly the way you want it to look.

This chapter shows you how to take a drawing from simple to spectacular. Here, you get acquainted with Flash's selection toolsthe tools you use to tell Flash which specific part of a drawing you want to change. Then you apply Flash's editing tools from basic (copying, pasting, and moving) to advanced (scaling, rotating, stacking, grouping, and more).

There's also more you can do with color in Flash drawings than you saw in Chapter2. After a quick background in color theory, this chapter covers applying color effects like brightness and transparency, and even creating your own custom colors.

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Medium 9781855752023

Chapter Six: The Interrelations between Repressed, Unrepressed, Symmetrical, Asymmetrical, Id, Ego, Super-Ego

Ignacio Matte Blanco Karnac Books ePub

The subject of this chapter will be studied in the light of the threefold conception. I am of the opinion that this conception needs to be changed in some aspects, but I will not discuss here how I think it should be changed. This will be the subject of a later chapter. I shall, therefore, discuss various problems in terms of the diree classical instances of the mind. It will be seen, in the course of the discussion, how the concepts connected with diese instances lead to apparently insoluble problems, which make the need of a modification in our conception more obvious. In this sense, this chapter paves the way for a better understanding of the modifications required.

We are used to the fundamental notion that ‘the essence of repression lies simply in turning something away, and keeping it at a distance, from the conscious (Freud, 1915a, p. 147, his italics). From this we conclude that what is repressed is something that is kept away from consciousness (or from the conscious). This fact in itself furnishes no information about the laws to which this somediing submits, that is, to which logical laws this material, which is kept at a distance from consciousness, conforms. In the light of clinical experience we may say, widi approximate certainty, that some of the things which are repressed conform to the laws of conscious Uiinking. I may mention, as an instance, the case of a repressed memory of a certain childhood happening. A patient came to remember during his analysis a completely forgotten episode: at approximately the age of three or four years he had heard, on several occasions, when he slept in his parents’ room, the conversations that took place between his parents at the time when he was supposed to be asleep. In the course of that period of the analysis he gradually began to recollect the various details of the conversation, like the precise words used (which referred to details of their sexual relations), the attitude he had taken, and the questions he put to his mother on the morning after one of these occasions, when she denied that any such thing had happened and explained it to him as a dream. This, of course, he did not believe. This is obviously a case of a repressed memory which is structured entirely in terms of conscious or asymmetrical thinking. In this case we were even able to identify one of the reasons for repressing it in the attitude of the mother, who made the child understand that she did not want him to know about what had happened during the night. This witnessing of the primal scene, and the respective role played in it by the parents, was of the utmost importance in the subsequent development of the patient and in the development of severe inhibitions in the identification with a strong paternal image.

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