Why Sarah Jessica Parker and Matthew Broderick opted for a surrogate pregnancy
Life imitates fiction. What is more appropriate than Sarah Jessica Parker, star of Sex and the City, having twins via a surrogate mother with her actor husband, Matthew Broderick?
The women in Sex and the City want all the things that men want—and more. They want to be rich and powerful, free in their sexual relations, able to have babies and carry on as if nothing has happened, and believe that anything is possible if there is enough money to pay for it.
The reality is that it doesn't work like that. Even with surrogate motherhood, an increasingly popular solution to infertility or the incapacity to have a baby, there are psychological hazards beneath the surface.
While Sarah Jessica Parker and Matthew Broderick, who already have a six-year-old son but have been unable to conceive since, are not imitations of the characters in Sex and the City, their announcement that they have employed a surrogate mother, due to give birth this summer, raises questions not only about morality but about the psychology of prospective parents who choose this option. The baby represents a magical phallus that can be created at will without effort.
In chapter 13 of this book, Robert Bernstein shows how our dependence on automobiles has made us less effectively mobile—actually becoming a time sink and costing us nearly a fifth of our lives. Yet the issue goes far beyond cars and comes to include the entire way we’ve designed our cities. Although we can gain more free time by reducing work hours and cutting back on overscheduling, in the long run, we need to take a deeper look at how our cultural institutions and physical architecture add to our time stress. We may find that by reducing urban sprawl, we are not only cleaning up our air, saving energy, protecting the environment, and reducing global climate change, but also giving ourselves more time. Linda Breen Pierce gave up her successful law practice to find a simpler life with more time for herself and her husband, and for thinking about big ideas. —JdG
Time is an elusive asset that keeps slipping away, silently, unobtrusively, from our lives. We ask ourselves, “Where did the time go?” much like we wonder how a missing sock disappeared from the clothes dryer. In one sense, having an afternoon slip by in a flash feels good; at least we are not bored. Still, it’s disappointing to arrive at the end of the day, week, or year and discover we have run out of time for what is most important to us.
Escape the east-coast frenzy in relaxed South Australia (SA). The driest state on the driest continent, SA beats the heat by celebrating life’s finer things: fine landscapes, fine festivals, fine food and (…OK, forget the other three) fine wine.
Adelaide is a chilled-out, gracious city offering world-class festivals, restaurants, pubs and a hedonistic arts scene. A day trip away, McLaren Vale and the Barossa and Clare Valleys are long-established wine regions. Further afield are the watery wilds of the Limestone Coast, and the Murray River, curling Mississippi-like towards the sea. Kangaroo Island’s wildlife, forests and seafood await just offshore.
To the west, Yorke Peninsula and Eyre Peninsula are off the beaten track: both beachy, slow-paced detours. Wheeling into the Flinders Ranges, wheat fields give way to arid cattle stations beneath ochre-coloured peaks. Further north, eccentric outback towns such as Woomera and Coober Pedy emerge from the dead-flat desert haze.
In order to use commands on a Macintosh, youll need a program that
reads and executes them. That program is called the
shell, which runs inside the Terminal and is OS Xs
command-line user interface. You type a command and press Enter, and the shell runs
whatever program (or programs) youve requested. For example, to list the files in
your Documents folder, one per line,
you could execute the ls -1 command in
A single command can also invoke several programs at the same time,
and even connect programs together so they interact. Heres a command that
redirects the output of the preceding ls command to become the input of the wc program, which counts lines of text in a
file; the result is the number of lines printed by ls:
telling you how many files are in your Documents folder. The vertical bar, called a
pipe, makes the connection between ls and wc.
A shell is actually a program itself, and OS X has several different
ones: the Bourne shell, the Korn shell, the C shell, and others. This book
focuses on a popular shell called bash, the Bourne-Again Shell, located in
/bin/bash, which is the default for
user accounts. However, all these shells have similar basic
Now that you have learned the basic principles of Drupal programming and how to
avoid making common Drupal programming mistakes, its time to put
your programming skills to work! This section of the book covers special topics
in Drupal programming that you can use to enhance websites built with Drupal.
My advice would be to skim the sections of this chapter now so you know what is
there, and then read them in more detail when you need them.
I chose these particular examples because they are all things Ive actually
needed to do in my freelance work as a Drupal site builder and my volunteer work
programming for the Drupal project. Actually, they cover nearly all of the
programming Ive needed to do as a freelance site builder, given that I tend to
use existing contributed modules wherever I can, rather than jumping straight
into programming at every opportunity. And in the realm of volunteer work that
Ive done for the Drupal project, which has included
writing and maintaining contributed modules on drupal.org, custom programming
for the drupal.org website, and providing patches for Drupal core and
contributed modules, the Registering for URLs and Displaying Content section covers the common threads.