Like the rest of Aravind, Aurolab presents an uplifting conundrum. It is a factory whose products compete in a fierce, international market. Yet it is run as a nonprofit by founders with no prior production experience, driven by a bottom line that aspires to provide access to the poorest of customers.
The biggest innovation at Aurolab was not technology based. Aurolab purchased the same equipment and trained in the standard production techniques of its Western counterparts. The real innovation was around pricing strategy. As David Green points out, Aurolab chose to lower prices not merely because its production costs were lower but because its goal “is maximizing service rather than maximizing profit.”1
The need for businesses like Aurolab is immense. Technology developed in the West does not cross borders easily or quickly. “You end up having two classes of care—first world and developing world,” says Thulsi. What blocks the dissemination of technology is not just the expense but also a series of related issues, including underdeveloped markets, lack of trained personnel, inefficient delivery systems, rigid mindsets, and indifferent competition.
Early to bed, early to rise, makes a man healthy, wealthy, and wise. —POORRICHARD’SALMANAC (EIGHTEENTH CENTURY)
Late to bed, early to rise, makes a man tired, caffeine-wired, and unwise. —POORTIMOTHY’SALMANAC (TWENTY-FIRST CENTURY)
In the fall of 1995, in the midst of my medical training, I learned the art of juggling, figuratively and literally. Newly married, working excessively long hours, and having limited time to pursue self-interests, I was forced to prioritize my time. Given that there was never enough time during the day to adequately meet these different needs, like most people, I began borrowing from the night. It would be nice to think this borrowing time from sleep was necessary to accomplish something important or achieve some higher good, but being in front of the TV, mindlessly changing channels, for example, falls far short of this lofty aim. Personal time, even when it involves doing nothing at all, is so coveted that many will sacrifice almost anything, especially sleep, to get it. Despite all the time-saving advances of technology, the great paradox of today is that people seem to have less rather than more personal time. As a result, they are forced to rob Peter to pay Paul by dipping into their sleep time in order to maintain adequate levels of personal time.
For more detail of this area see Offline map Offline map
Moving from bar to bar ordering wine and tapas along Calle de la Cava Baja (Click here), one of the world’s great culinary streets.
Looking for Goya under one of the largest church domes in the world at the Basílica de San Francisco El Grande (Click here).
Joining the local crowds on Sunday mornings for El Rastro (Click here), one of Europe’s busiest flea markets, and a Madrid institution.
Getting to the heart of medieval Madrid is the delightfully sloping Plaza de la Paja (Click here), the gateway to Madrid’s Moorish Quarter, La Morería.
Letting flamenco fill your soul with a live performance at Corral de la Morería (Click here).
La Latina’s proximity to Plaza Mayor and the downtown area make it an easy area to dip into. Need a break nursing a mojito on a warm afternoon? Head for Plaza de la Paja and linger for as much time as you can spare. Eager to understand the buzz surrounding tapas and the local passion for going on a tapas crawl? Most evenings of the week are busy along Calle de la Cava Baja, but early Sunday lunchtime when the El Rastro crowds pour into La Latina is when you’ll most appreciate being here.
As I set out to write this chapter, I came across the obituary of Adrienne Rich in The New York Times (28 March 2012). She died at the age of eighty-two as a major figure in modern poetry. What was particularly striking to me in the obituary was her vision of a more perfect world—namely, one in which there is no domination of others. This idea is embedded both in her poetry and political convictions. A similar sentiment has been attributed to Bertolt Brecht who mused in a different way that the history of the world is about those who will be eaten and those who will eat. Domination fosters oppression. Oppression fosters alienation and enslavement, and enslavement is the greatest disgrace that can be foisted on human beings. Rich was addressing both psychological and political spheres. It is the psychological implication of domination that is taken up here.
The narcissistic drama is ultimately a story about domination. The newborn is in a state of absolute dependence on the narcissistic mother. What does this mean in terms of domination? Obviously, the power differential between the infant and her adult mother is so unimaginably colossal as to be incomprehensible. The infant is completely emotionally pliable. He has absolute dependence on the mother and the mother holds his aliveness in her hands. Good-enough mothering, according to Winnicott, implies that abuse of this power by the mother is unthinkable. It does not require special capabilities or giftedness. For Winnicott, good-enough mothering is extraordinary for being fundamentally ordinary. Primary maternal preoccupation is also borne out in observational studies done by Mahler. Good-enough mothers demonstrate basic maternal intuition towards their infants as “other”—that is, beings other than themselves that are absolutely dependent upon them. Ordinary mothering is not only the birthright of the infant. It is the most valuable gift that one human being can give to another—namely, the emotional acknowledgement of being truly alive as a being unto itself.
There exist many options for hardware based image compression. The current image compression products exist as IP Cores for FPGAs and ASICs, and as fixed function ICs.
These products support various image compression standards, but they all have a common downside of high cost. This paper presents an image compression implementation using the
Haar wavelet transform that is practical for implementation in a mid-grade, relatively inexpensive FPGA. The design uses the discrete Haar wavelet transform for the image transformation. The proposed design was evaluated using four metrics: Design size, Signal-to-Noise Ratio (SNR) of the compressed image, Root Mean Square Error (RMS ERR) of the compressed image, and a subjective analysis of the compressed image quality. The design cost was analyzed using the Xilinx ISE tool set. The SNR and RMS ERR were analyzed using MATLAB. The measured results of the proposed design were compared to the JPEG and JPEG2000 image compression standards.