Marion was tense. She was unused to sitting in a café on her own and felt conspicuous. She was conscious of every action, each stir of her cup and bite of her biscuit. She had not wanted any refreshment and found it hard to swallow, but she had to buy herself time in the café and try to blend in. Blend in! She could not look any more obvious in her nurse's uniform. She had wanted to wear her own clothes, but Edith would not hear of it: she may be noticeable, but the Germans wouldn't touch her, and anyway she did need to be found by the person she was meeting, so at least it would make it easy for him to find her.
Since Gwen's departure all of her café visits had been with Russell. She never gave her surroundings a thought when she entered a place with him. They would always be in the middle of a conversation and would be interrupted by the waiter to take their order, rather than looking to attract his attention for service. Today was different. She had almost been hesitant to enter and had then been unsure where to sit. She wanted to be facing the door so that she could be easily spotted, but not in the centre of the tables, where everyone would look at her. She caught several glances and returned them with a slight nod of her head, the Belgian way.
This chapter was inspired by an unpublished essay written by H. B. Nicholson in 1969 entitled “Pre-Hispanic Central Mexican Historiography” (see also Nicholson 1967, 1975). I will attempt to discuss the same historiographic issues for the K’iche Maya that Nicholson had investigated for the Central Mexicans. I never published the original essay, and this festschrift in honor of Nicholson seemed to provide a fortuitous opportunity to finally bring it to light. I do so with the utmost esteem and respect for my mentor in Mesoamerican ethnohistory. Except for stylistic changes, I have left the essay as it was written over thirty years ago at a strategic time in my academic career when Nicholson’s influence on my thinking remained profound. To indicate some of the new information and interpretations of K’iche history that have appeared since I first wrote the essay, I have added endnotes where appropriate.
In an early work, Nicholson (1955) included the K’iche and Kaqchikel among groups in Mesoamerica whose documentary corpus is rich by Mesoamerican standards. With the goal of contributing to the study of the Highland Maya corpus of documents, I have attempted through the years to exploit these sources and thus contribute to the now extensive collection of synthetic ethnohistories of Mesoamerican peoples. The focus of the present chapter is on one small aspect of Prehispanic K’iche-Maya culture, that of historiography. A secondary goal of the essay is to provide some of the textual evaluation and critique of the documentary sources Nicholson so strongly advocated over his long and productive scholarly career as a Mesoamerican ethnohistorian.
The Internet and compressed audio formats such as MP3 are a match made in radio heaven. With these technologies, instead of laying out millions of dollars for an FCC license, radio transmitter, tower, building, and expensive DJs, you can “stream” your broadcasts over the Net to listeners all over the world, with little or no capital investment. Unlike brick-and-mortar radio stations, Internet radio stations are not limited by geography, and they do not require FCC licensing.
“Internet radio” is simply a buzzphrase for streaming audio with a bunch of interactive bells and whistles. But what bells and whistles! Many of these features match and even exceed those offered by the newer satellite and high definition (HD) digital radio technologies (see Chapter 6 for more information on these). For example, in addition to displaying the song title and artist name for each track, an Internet radio station can include features such as a buy button so listeners can purchase the currently playing song from an online music store, a forward button to skip songs, and a rating button so listeners can provide feedback on the song or station and potentially influence future programming.
Mac OS X
offers improved stability and reliability (but frankly, OS 9.2 is
pretty stable, too). Behind the scenes, it is a more
"modern" operating system with some
of the new features people have asked for, like protected memory and
preemptive multitasking. Among other things, this means that if one
program should crash, you won't have to restart the
computer. Also, a program will not hog your entire system (while
starting up or performing a complex calculation, for example). Mac OS
X also has numerous changes to the user interface, making it easier
to do certain tasks.
Mac OS X includes a subsystem called
"Classic" that allows almost all
your old programs to keep running fine. However, to take advantage of
Mac OS X's new features, you may need to update to
"native" versions of your
software.Check with the software publisher or with http://www.versiontracker.com/macosx to see
if there is a free or paid update available.
Should I upgrade to Mac OS X today?
If you are a cautious person and
your computer is doing everything you want it to, perhaps not. If you
enjoy new things and like the new interface, or just want to be
au courant, then go for it. There are also some
great applications such as iPhoto, iCal, and iDVD that require Mac OS
X. If you have an older, slower computer, like a beige G3 or early
PowerBook G3, or any older PowerBook, you may be happier sticking
with OS 9 (or buying a new Mac). Even if you have a faster computer,
you may want or need to add some RAM (memory). If you are doing
specific demanding tasks with your computer, like intense audio or
video editing, your decision will be made based on your exact
configuration of software and hardware. For instance, Final Cut Pro 3
runs great in X. But if you have an analog capture card, check
whether the X drivers have been released and if people are happy with
them. Most graphics programs have been upgraded for Mac OS X and work
better than in 9 (or at least as well). However, as of late 2002,
QuarkXPress is still a holdout and ATM Deluxe is not available, but
InDesign, Suitcase, and Font Reserve all have been updated and work