Most businesses use other programs in addition to QuickBooks to
keep things running smoothly. You can use QuickBooks data in other
programs to study your companys financial ratios, calculate employee
bonuses based on hours worked and services sold, send special sales
letters to customers on their birthdays, and so on. Similarly, other
programs may contain data that would be useful to pull into QuickBooks.
For example, if you use an estimating program that has all the products
and services you sell in its database, theres no reason to manually
enter those in QuickBooks.
QuickBooks doesnt share its most intimate details with just any
program. It reserves its data for a few select programsor the ones you
tell it to play nicely with. For example, you can set up letters in
QuickBooks to send to customers, and the program automatically opens
Microsoft Word with your customer data merged into form letters and
envelopes. If you use Outlook (not Outlook Express) as your
contact-management tool, keeping records up-to-date is easy. By
synchronizing your QuickBooks company file and your contact database,
you enter changes in one place and the programs automatically copy data
from one file to the other.
The structures we live with today resulted from thousands of people before us seeking personal and organizational meaning and productivity. Our organizations were created by people as well intentioned and smart as ourselves, then we stepped into their creations. Whether we work for the schools, the military, a company, or a social agency, we stepped into quite similar structures based on related assumptions. Do some research at the next party you attend: Tell your favorite story about the bureaucracy’s corrosive influence on important work. Will the people listening argue against the possibility of this happening? No. Will they wander off to seek more interesting conversation? No. They will stay because they know what you are talking about from their own experiences—and they want to tell you their favorite stories. Similar patterns of criticism occur in party after party, organization after organization, century after century. How might this centuries-old human pattern make sense? Why might we create organizations and then criticize our creations? We have repeated these patterns for generations; what can we learn from this?22
aden program nie dziaa w oderwaniu od innych. Prdzej czy pniej nadejdzie konieczno przeniesienia danych z utworzonego w pocie czoa arkusza Excela do innego programu. Moesz chcie na przykad zamieci je na slajdach prezentacji albo wstawi w tworzonym raporcie. Bez wzgldu jednak na okolicznoci potrzebny jest elastyczny mechanizm udostpniania tabel i wykresw Excela innym programom.
Na szczcie wspczesne systemy operacyjne Windows zostay zaprojektowane wanie z myl o takich moliwociach. System Windows pozwala integrowa rnego rodzaju dane za pomoc dwch mechanizmw, ktrymi s czenie i osadzanie. Korzystajc z czenia i osadzania, mona przenosi dane z Excela do innych aplikacji. Moliwe jest rwnie wykonywanie czynnoci odwrotnych, to znaczy wstawianie obiektw z innych aplikacji do wasnych arkuszy.
W niniejszym rozdziale poznasz sposoby wykorzystania mechanizmw czenia i osadzania w celu integracji w jednym dokumencie danych rnego rodzaju. Nastpnie dowiesz si o istnieniu kilku nowych rozwiza w zakresie wspuytkowania danych nieprzetworzonych, w tym midzy innymi o eksportowaniu i importowaniu danych z arkuszy.
This chapter considers the alternative ways in which products can reach their market. Different types of distribution channel are discussed, and an approach to channel selection is described. Finally, the key decision of whether to run an own-account distribution operation or whether to outsource to a third party is introduced.
Physical distribution channel is the term used to describe the method and means by which a product or a group of products are physically transferred, or distributed, from their point of production to the point at which they are made available to the final customer. For consumer products the end point is, generally, a retail outlet but, increasingly, it may also be the customers house, because some channels bypass the shop and go direct to the consumer. For industrial products the end point is likely to be a factory.
In addition to the physical distribution channel, another type of channel exists. This is known as the trading or transaction channel. The trading channel is also concerned with the product, and with the fact that it is being transferred from the point of production to the point of consumption. The trading channel, however, is concerned with the non-physical aspects of this transfer. These aspects concern the sequence of negotiation, the buying and selling of the product, and the ownership of the goods as they are transferred through the various distribution systems.