There can be no acting or doing of any kind, till it be recognized that there is a thing to be done; the thing once recognized, doing in a thousand shapes becomes possible.
—Thomas Carlyle (1840, p. 6)
For obvious reasons, the activity, behaviour and attitude of the therapist have long been a topic of intense scrutiny and debate in the field of psychoanalysis. Technical recommendations regarding the analytic stance have ranged from the therapist acting like a “blank screen” (Freud, 1912) and only gingerly departing from a technically neutral stance (Eissler, 1953) to creating an atmosphere of “benevolent neutrality” (Stone, 1961) and even providing a “corrective emotional experience” (Alexander, 1956; Alexander & French, 1946). Other more contemporary and progressive views have also evolved over the past few decades (Chused, 1991a; Renik, 1995, 1996; Viederman, 1991). These views take aim at the concept of analytic neutrality, criticizing it as a false ideal, unattainable, and therefore, a technical stance that actually impedes psychoanalytic work (Renik, 1996). Yet another way of conceptualizing the therapeutic stance is to view it as an actual interpretation itself, or what I will be calling interpretation through action (IA).
A throttled bramble, raspberry horror, jerks in coldbright wind: and rearing, throe-mad, scores the weak white sky with thorns. Autumn works its pogrom: frost-limp nettles, gasping haws, the red and yellow fit of strangled fruit, and traitored colours of the fire become the symptoms of complaint. A bandaged sun drills glassglare puddles in the rut-mud, numb and white. And every prickle, stock and root shakes and shuts. Unknown black birds hoot the memory of plenty: there is none.
Dull evergreens, expressionless and cold: bonestraw grassclumps: clouds laid on the sky like ointment gauze: whipped withies hold their last giant bowl-leaves hazard-high.
Who has not seen you, stretchered on the wind, amidst your battlefield? Two silos freeze faroff in cold-singed fields: and cows present their frozen rumps, unmoving, to the trees.
The scratching fitful hedgerows, wrack and ruined, hem the lane: and branchfalls, sodden-skinned, rimed and rotten, finger where you went.
Session 257 represents a stellar moment in this specimen of working through. It is an unambiguous symbolizing hour, marking a return to symbolization and the completion of the transformation cycle. But it is more than this, for it not only contains the highest level of symbolization in this cycle (as reflected in the peaking of referential activity measures), but it also contains the highest levels of non-integration (as reflected in low measures of interactional synchrony). Thus, this session not only completes the cycle but in its peaks and troughs has the properties of a spiral.
Furthermore, this session contains within its structure all the phases of this transformation cycle, that is, a phase of symbolization, desymbolization, and re-symbolization. In the broadest sense, this replication allows us to translate and revisit the specific way-stations encountered in this specimen. The symbolizing phase of this session reveals paradoxically a downward slope and with it the induction of regression reverberating in the transference (Chapter Fourteen); patient-induced and analyst-induced enactments, resulting in a moment of mutual enactment, reflect a peak of desymbolization and paradoxically initiate the upward slope (Chapter Sixteen); and finally, a nodal moment at the end of the session results in a reversal and a return to symbolization (Chapter Fifteen).
Anyone who has visited YouTube.com in the past four years
knows that you can embed video in a web page. But prior to
HTML5, there was no standards-based way to do this.
Virtually all the video youve ever watched on the Web has been funneled
through a third-party plug-inmaybe QuickTime, maybe RealPlayer, maybe
Flash. (YouTube uses Flash.) These plug-ins integrate with your browser
well enough that you may not even be aware that youre using themuntil
you try to watch a video on a platform that doesnt support that plug-in,
HTML5 defines a standard way to embed video in a
web page, using a <video>
element. Support for the <video>
element is still evolving, which is a polite way of saying it doesnt work
yet (at least, it doesnt work everywhere). But dont despair! There are
alternatives and fallbacks and options galore. Table5-1 shows which browsers
support the <video> element at
the time of writing.