In the model of the mind that I am using the geographical dimension can be subdivided, for phenomenological purposes, into six distinct areas: the external world, the womb, the interior of external objects, the interior of internal objects, the internal world, and the delusional system (geographically speaking “nowhere”). The first five subdivisions comprise areas that have psychic reality. The external world also has a concrete reality which calls forth adaptational processes, fundamentally meaningless. The delusional system is also meaningless in a different way, being delusional in its significances and bizarre in its objects.
To the outside world, beyond our adaptational moves, which are learned largely by infra-mental processes of mimicry (one dimensional) and trial-and-error, we may deploy meaning when the impact of events and objects impinges on us emotionally and are subjected to processes of imagination, that is, to symbol formation (alpha function) and thinking. But we are not limited in this matter to the impact of events and objects; we also have the capacity to deploy emotion and thus infuse with meaning, potentially, events and objects whose impact is not in themselves substantial. In The Apprehension of Beauty [Meltzer & Harris Williams, 1988] I proposed a terminology which grows out of Bion’s affect theory, plus and minus L (love), H (hate) and K (interest, knowing). I suggested that our innate response to the beauty-of-the-world, that is aesthetic responsiveness, contains an integration of all three of these positive links, L, H and K, but that the pain of the ambivalence combined with the necessity of tolerating uncertainty, makes it very difficult to hold these links together. The splitting processes bring relief by deploying the links to separate objects, thus also splitting the, self in its emotional capabilities and experiences. These splitting processes do not necessarily reduce the experiences to an adaptational level—in which thinking about meaning, which necessarily includes value, would be replaced by scheming, logic derived from basic assumptions, and actions aimed at success (triumph).
unrest manifested itself quickly in the Rhineland and Hessian provinces due to their proximity to France. Here the French ideas of liberty, fraternity, and equality had taken root among the students and the middle-class Bürger of the cities. Revolutionaries even briefly occupied the city of Mainz, which was in a sense the birthplace of the
Society. In one of the more dramatic episodes in all of Germany, a mob of 30,000 farmers, apprentices, and handworkers, armed only with pitchforks, scythes, and axes, descended upon the Wiesbaden castle of Adolph Duke of Nassau. When the duke promised reforms, the crowd peacefully dispersed.2
The old order in Europe was confronted with an explosion of frustration and resentment from the common man: the exclusion from political life, the denial of basic freedoms of expression and assembly, the lack of religious freedom, the absence of economic opportunity, the onerous burden of late-feudal privileges—all these factors combined to threaten the noblemen in Germany from within even as their plans from across the sea floundered. The turmoil of the revolution compromised the Society in Germany in many ways, especially in the ability to raise funds.3
The last few chapters dealt with getting data into and out of CouchDB.
You learned how to model your data into documents and retrieve it via the
HTTP API. In this chapter, well look at the views used to power Sofas
index page, and the list function that renders those views as HTML or XML,
depending on the clients request.
Now that weve successfully created a blog post and rendered it as
HTML, well be building the front page where visitors will land when theyve
found your blog. This page will have a list of the 10 most recent blog
posts, with titles and short summaries. The first step is to write the
MapReduce query that constructs the index used by CouchDB at query time to
find blog posts based on when they were written.
In Chapter6, we noted that reduce
isnt needed for many common queries. For the index page, were only
interested in an ordering of the posts by date, so we dont need to use a
reduce function, as the map function alone is enough to order the posts by
There was a time when most web data analysis was done simply to
understand the technographics of web site visitors: which browsers and
operating systems they used, how much bandwidth they were consuming,
which loadbalanced servers pages were being served fromreally pretty
boring stuff. Fortunately the fields of web measurement and web data
analysis have progressed sufficiently that we're now able to ask truly
interesting questions of the data in an effort to continuously refine
the user experience online. Still, one should not forget one's roots,
and so, inevitably, there are still a handful of good reasons to turn to
technographic data from time to time.
Demographic data, on the other hand, is cutting edgethe
idea that you can know not only what your visitors are looking at but
who they are, where they live, etc. Many of the
recent advances in web measurement have revolved around attempts to tie
web and CRM (customer relationship management) data together to create a
more "holistic" view of Internet visitors. In fact, there is an often
abused notion that the combination of web and CRM data will help
companies create a "360-degree view" of their customers, detailing
everything about how they interact with your organization, enabling you
to better serve and sell to them.