Jefferson was incorporated on March 20, 1848, by the Texas Legislature. Free white citizens constituted the corporate body, and a mayor and five aldermen constituted the legal body, capable of suing and being sued and holding and conveying real and personal property. The aldermen were to be elected from five wards. The mayor and aldermen had the capacity to create ordinances, which were enforced by the mayor as justice of the peace and by a town constable (marshal).
The mayor and aldermen were to appoint a recorder and treasurer from among themselves and a constable from among the citizens of the town. Taxes required a two-thirds vote of the citizens, and citizens who paid taxes were exempt from county road duties. The scope allowed for the ordinances was typical of the period, with the exception of provisions concerning Jefferson’s status as a port:
To maintain the cleanliness and salubrity of said town; to secure the safety and convenience of passing in the streets and squares, ways, lanes and other public streets and alleys; to fix the squaring and to prevent any encroachment or other undertaking on the said streets; to determine the completion and dimensions, the maintenance and repair of pavements in said streets, at the cost of the proprietors of houses, lands or neighboring lots; to fix the place or places of landing and anchoring
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You should have a healthy grasp of shell programming techniques
now that you have gone through the previous chapters. What you
have learned up to this point
enables you to write many nontrivial, useful shell scripts and functions.
Still, you may have noticed some remaining gaps in the knowledge
you need to write shell code that behaves like the UNIX commands you
are used to. In particular, if you are an experienced UNIX user,
it might have occurred to you
that none of the example scripts shown so far have the
ability to handle options (preceded by a dash (-))
on the command line.
And if you
program in a conventional language like C or Pascal, you will have
noticed that the only type of data that we have seen in shell variables
is character strings; we havent seen how to do arithmetic, for example.
These capabilities are certainly crucial to the shells ability to
function as a useful UNIX programming language. In this chapter, we will
show how the Korn shell supports these and related features.