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Medium 9781855759299

CHAPTER NINE. Notes on symbol formation

Karnac Books ePub

Hanna Segal

The understanding and interpretation of unconscious symbolism is one of the main tools of the psychologist. Often he is faced with the task of understanding and recognizing the meaning not only of a particular symbol but also of the whole process of symbol formation. This applies particularly to work with patients who show a disturbance or inhibition in the formation or free use of symbols, as for instance, psychotic or schizoid patients.

To give a very elementary example from two patients. One— whom I will call A—was a schizophrenic in a mental hospital. He was once asked by his doctor why it was that since his illness he had stopped playing the violin. He replied with some violence: “Why? do you expect me to masturbate in public?”

Another patient, B, dreamt one night that he and a young girl were playing a violin duet. He had associations to fiddling, masturbating, etc., from which it emerged clearly that the violin represented his genital and playing the violin represented a masturbation phantasy of a relation with the girl. Here then are two patients who apparently use the same symbols in the same situation—a violin representing the male genital, and playing the violin representing masturbation. The way in which the symbols function, however, is very different. For A, the violin had become so completely equated with his genital that to touch it in public became impossible. For B, playing the violin in his waking life was an important sublimation. We might say that the main difference between them is that for A the symbolic meaning of the violin was conscious, for B unconscious. I do not think, however, that this was the most important difference between the two patients. In the case of B, the fact that the meaning of the dream became completely conscious had in no way prevented him from using his violin. In A, on the other hand, there were many symbols operating in his unconscious in the same way in which the violin was used on the conscious level.

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Medium 9781942496656

Chapter 46

Charlotte Jones Solution Tree Press ePub

As the darkness faded, Shira’s senses returned. With a sharp inhale, she sat bolt upright and then buried her face in her right arm to stop her head from pounding. Fire shot through her veins, and her hand and finger pulsed individually as she slowly healed. She dared not look at them until they were at least partially repaired; she was certain they were mutilated, judging by the searing pain it took to repair them. Slowly, as her head and hand stopped throbbing, she opened her eyes.

Conrad was completely still. No breath rose in his chest, no eyelid twitched. His face was perfectly calm. Worried, Shira pressed her fingers against the pulse in his throat. There was nothing. She had been too late.

A single tear slipped down her face. Slowly, she leaned forward and cupped his face in her hands. “I love you too, Conrad,” she whispered. “I am so sorry.”

Tenderly, she kissed his forehead, trying to force in the grief rushing through her. Their memories filled her with each breath, faster and faster—sword-fighting with her when they were children; smiling at her when he awoke from the injuries he sustained in the Evron; making sure she was not ignored during those first few months as queen; lying beside her on a blanket in her father’s garden as they watched the stars when they were little and still whole, not yet damaged by anguish and worry and heartbreak. Why now? Why, after everything that had happened?

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Medium 9781588436481

St. Croix

Lynne Sullivan Hunter Publishing ePub

Rolling hills, uncrowded beaches, vine-covered plantation ruins and charming Danish architecture make St. Croix (say croy) the most diversified of the three US Virgin Islands. Point Udall, the easternmost point of the United States, is arid and rocky. The island grows wetter and wider as it spreads westward, and a tropical forest covers the lush northwest side. Between the scrub land and the forest are 28 miles of northern hills and southern plains ringed by an array of beaches. Buck Island, off the northeast shore, is part of the US National Park system and is St. Croix's most popular watersports area.

The island isn't as densely populated or commercial as St. Thomas. Nor is it as slow-paced and ecologically-preserved as St. John. With 84 square miles, St. Croix is larger than either of its sister Virgins. Its economy is bolstered by industry as well as tourism. The 55,000 residents, mostly native born Cruzans (or Crucians) or transplanted North American "Continentals," welcome aroximately two million visitors each year.

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Medium 9780596805630

10. Creating Rich Forms

Alaric Cole Adobe Developer Library ePub


Preparing a Form-Based Application

Validating Data

Restricting Input

Formatting Input

Combining Restrictions and Formatters

Linking Formatters to Functions


Fast is fine, but accuracy is everything.

Have you ever filled out an HTML form on a website, submitted it, and waited for the resultonly to find that one of the fields had an error? How easy was it to find your mistake? Was it something silly like not putting parentheses around the area code of a phone number, or perhaps adding them when they werent needed? Wouldnt it be nice if that never happened again?

With Flex, validating and formatting user input is a cinch. Built into the most common controls are helpful methods that provide feedback when user-submitted values are problematic; similarly, its easy to link Flex inputs with nonvisual formatter components that automatically sculpt data into preferred formats. Working together, Flex validators and formatters give your applications a helpful, responsive UI. As a bonus, of course, cleaner user input also means a cleaner database.

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Medium 9781780421780

The Belgian Pavilion

Jean Lahor Parkstone International PDF

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