“What about Fauvism?” the journalist André Warnod asked Othon Friesz. “It began about 1902 or 1903. We gathered at Matisse’s, at his studio on the Quai Saint-Michel, to discuss the theories of it. We wanted to get away from Impressionism, to do something else. We sought to convey the equivalent of sunlight in paints. Sometimes people say that theories are no good for anything. But I don’t agree. We knew where we were going; we had a goal. We admired Renoir, Claude Monet, Sisley, but we understood that we had to do something else. The experiments of the Neo-lmpressionists, Cross as well as Signac, did not satisfy us. We wanted to speak the language of pure colours, to balance those colours, to seek out their values. It was inspiring. We wanted to recreate painting for our own use. We were entering into a wholly new domain.”
In this reply to Warnod’s question, given a few years before his death, Friesz spoke of his conscious coming together with his Fauvist friends. He considered the epithet “fauve” justly deserved and he took a pride in it. His firm and loyal bonds of friendship with the Fauves went back to his time at the École des Beaux-Arts and to their joint appearances at exhibitions, but his colours never resounded like those of Vlaminck. Friesz’s physical health and strength found expression rather in the delight he took in the plasticity of the paints themselves and the fairly coarse surface of the paint-covered canvas concealed the most delicate work in nuances of beige and blue-green tones.
Computational Evaluation of Planarian Regeneration Models
Marianna Budnikova, Jeffrey W. Habig, and Tim Andersen
Computer Science, Boise State University, Boise, ID, USA
Abstract— We have combined a cell-based modeling platform with a database of formally encoded morphological experiments and their outcomes in order to automate the search for computational models of cellular networks involved in maintenance of morphology and to validate such models against existing experimental outcomes. To achieve automated validation of virtual cellular models, we have developed an algorithm for converting a formal graph representation of planarian morphologies into a polygon representation which can be overlayed with a cell-based model. We show how the overlay algorithm can be used as a basis for the ﬁtness function to guide automated searches for models of cellular development.
Keywords: planaria, regeneration, tissue modeling
For the last 200 years scientists have been trying to understand and explain the processes behind the regeneration of planaria worms , . A large amount of experimental data has been accumulated on planarians over the years, and a plethora of planarian regeneration models have been proposed
In the late 1960s and ’70s a romantic sensibility emphasising the themes of instinctual liberation, de-repression, and the validation and indulgence of narcissistic needs was influential in popular culture and psychoanalysis alike. For the latter, this entailed a relative de-emphasis of its classical concern with themes of guilt and self-punishment—that is, with the dynamics of the superego—in favour of a preoccupation with promoting the patient's “transmuting internalisation” (Kohut, 1977) of the analyst's “empathic responsiveness” (Bacal & Newman, 1990) and related “relational” dynamics thought to contribute to the healing of psychological defects and deficits in the “self”. In Kohut's (1977) view, “Guilty Man” had been replaced in our culture by the “Tragic Man” who, far from suffering from a self riddled with conflict and guilt, was increasingly unsure of his or her possession of any viable sort of “self” at all. The flight from conscience and superego was to continue for several decades, despite attempts by Menninger (1973) and Rangell (1974, 1976), among others, to remind us that intrapsychic conflict often results in compromises between ego and superego as distinct from those between ego and id—that is, in corruption of conscience and character as distinct from neurosis (though we generally see complex combinations of these phenomena). Rather than comprehending the “fragmentation-prone self” of “Tragic Man” as in part at least an outcome of the fragmenting unconscious operations of a sadistic superego, such self-states were understood as resulting entirely from failures of provision of essential “holding” and “responsiveness” from the past and present “selfobject” milieu. Intraspsychic dynamics were, in other words, displaced by a focus upon intersubjective and interpersonal relations.
Dobrze wiemy, co znaczy sowo budowa poza wiatem programowania. Budowanie to praca wykonywana przez pracownikw budowlanych, prowadzca do powstania nowego domu, szkoy czy apartamentowca. W codziennym uyciu sowo budowa odnosi si do tworzenia czego nowego. Proces budowania moe obejmowa pewne elementy planowania, projektowania i sprawdzania, ale stanowi go przede wszystkim bezporednie dziaania prowadzce do powstania nowej rzeczy.
Tworzenie oprogramowania komputerowego to czsto bardzo zoony proces. W cigu ostatnich 25 lat w badaniach nad jego przebiegiem wyrniono dug list jego skadowych. Nale do nich: