49 charles parry, mark pires, and heidi sparkes guber
Action Review Cycle and the
After Action Review Meeting
Leadership and learning are indispensable to each other.
—John F. Kennedy
Green Mountain Coffee Roasters (GMCR), named one of the “Best Medium Sized Companies to
Work for in America,” wanted to increase its operational performance discipline—to learn rapidly from success and breakdowns alike.
Formal After Action Reviews (AARs) were conducted in two linked projects—a major expansion of the distribution center and an equipment acquisition. These AARs cascaded upward through the three levels doing the planning and execution: line operators, project leaders, then senior management. Successful practices and areas for improvement were identiﬁed and informed the next phases of the distribution center project, engineering improvements, and in further rounds of adding automation equipment.
Today, through the initiative of various leaders, Before Action Reviews (BARs) and/or
AARs are used in the performance review process, hiring, ﬁnance, a major CRM project, managing response to regional blackouts, and helping the Corporate Responsibility team generate greater impact. GMCR has a bias toward learning throughout projects and ongoing work, rather than waiting for end points. Continuous Learning Director Pru Sullivan reﬂects: “BARs and
Int'l Conf. Bioinformatics and Computational Biology | BIOCOMP'14 |
An Interactive Visualization Tool to Interpret
Salil Pendse1 , Patrick D. McMullen1
Address: 1 The Hamner Institutes for Health Sciences, 6 Davis
Drive, RTP, NC-27709, USA
Email: Salil Pendse - sPendse@thehamner.org (contact author); Patrick D. McMullen - PMcMullen@thehamner.org
Abstract—High throughput gene expression studies generate large numbers of genes of interest. Functional gene ontologies such as Reactome  and Gene Ontology  are used to infer mechanistic processes underlying gene expression changes.
However traditionally, this analysis is difﬁcult to communicate and is represented by means of tables. To overcome this problem, we have developed an interactive visualization tool that treats ontologies as hierarchical networks of cellular functions. This allows for consolidation of the typically overwhelming spreadsheets of gene expression data into parsimonious descriptions of inferred functional changes in the cell.
Coclé – land of sugar, salt and presidents. More sugar has been refined in this province, more salt has been produced here, and more Panamanian presidents have been born in Coclé than in any other province. These are facts in which the people of Coclé take great pride, but the province isn’t just about political legacies and table condiments.
Coclé boasts a medley of landscapes from abandoned coastlines to towering cloud forests, with vast agricultural and pastoral land in between. Edging along the Pacific Ocean, the province is home to beaches attracting weekend warriors from Panama City. Edging along the highlands, the gorgeously set mountain town of El Valle is a popular retreat from the big city. The bustling regional capital of Penonomé proves the best place to pick up an authentic panama hat.
High season on the Pacific coast means a party scene. Visits to the sugar refinery can be made from mid-January. A wild Carnaval takes place at the tail end of this season in Penonomé.
A New Look at Freud's “Analysis Terminable and Interminable”
JACOB A. ARLOW
It would be difficult to imagine a psychoanalytic experience more stimulating or thought-provoking than rereading Freud's “Analysis Terminable and Interminable” and examining from our current perspective the many important issues it raises. The questions Freud posed then are fundamental to controversies in psychoanalysis to this very day. Some of the answers he proposed seem outdated and patently incorrect, while others are penetratingly perceptive, anticipating major lines of development for psychoanalytic technique.
It should be recalled that, only a few years before he wrote this paper, Freud had revised his concept of the psychic apparatus in a radical way. He had ceased trying to understand mental phenomena from a predominantly topographic point of view in favor of a structural approach, an approach which emphasized the interplay of persistent, organized forces in the mind. Whereas the topographic model stressed the pathogenic significance of what was repressed into the system Ucs, the structural model stressed the role of intrapsychic conflict and compromise formation. Obviously, it was not easy for Freud, at the end of his days, to make a clean and decisive break with a model of conceptualization which for so many years he had found so fruitful. In The Ego and the Id (1923), for example, he stated that henceforth he would be using the terms conscious and unconscious in a purely descriptive, rather than systematic, way. Nevertheless, in An Outline of Psychoanalysis (1940), he reverted to discussions of the characteristics of the systems Ucs, Pcs, and Pcpt-Cs. On reexamining “Analysis Terminable and Interminable.” it is both interesting and instructive to observe how concepts from the two different frames of reference are used side by side, sometimes in a contradictory fashion.