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|Wendy Denham||HRD Press, Inc.|
42 That’s different!
This is an exercise on reviewing how appraisers should be prepared to change their mind in certain circumstances. Working in groups of three, participants role play the part of an appraiser and appraisee watched by an observer. During the role play, the appraisee presents unexpected reasons/ explanations for past behavior and performance. The observer notes the appraiser’s reaction and gives feedback using an assessment sheet. This is followed by a group discussion.
This exercise is suitable for appraisers at all levels of experience and ideal for people who have recently taken on the responsibility.
To demonstrate the need for an appraiser to be flexible
To discuss the techniques involved
Handouts 42.1, 42.2, and 42.3
1. Divide the group into teams of three. Ask one person to play the role of the appraisee, one person the appraiser, and the other person the observer. Explain that each team will role play an appraisal interview, with the appraiser receiving feedback from the observer. At this point, do not mention the objectives of the activity.See All Chapters
|Arthur A. Joyce||University Press of Colorado||ePub|
The Perspective from San Francisco de Arriba
At first glance, interaction between ancient polities of unequal sociopolitical complexities suggests a situation of dominance. Yet, as archaeologists continue to broaden their focus from major centers to peripheral regions, such an assumption becomes less tenable (Stein 1999). It is increasingly apparent that there exists great variability in the archaeological record when it comes to the dynamics of interregional interaction, particularly when agency is taken into account.
Situated in a narrow secondary valley of the lower Río Verde region in Oaxaca, Mexico, San Francisco de Arriba was the focus of archaeological investigations geared toward understanding the site’s role in a complex network of prehispanic exchange and interaction (Figure 7.1). The results of the San Francisco de Arriba Archaeological Project and those of other projects on the coast of Oaxaca (Joyce 2003, 2010; Levine, Chapter 8; Workinger 2002a; Workinger and Joyce 2009; Zeitlin 1990; Zeitlin and Joyce 1999) question the unidirectional view of interregional interaction held by some highland researchers (Balkansky 2002; Marcus 1976, 1983; Marcus and Flannery 1996; Redmond and Spencer 2006; Sherman et al. 2010; Spencer 2007; Spencer and Redmond 1997). Specifically, the project considered the claim that San Francisco de Arriba had been incorporated as the southernmost boundary of a Terminal Formative Zapotec empire, and it sought to clarify the site’s ties with central Mexico, particularly the city of Teotihuacan during the Early Classic (Figure 1.3). These issues were addressed by various means, including surface collections and a test pitting program carried out in 1997 and broader excavations conducted in 1998 and 1999 (Figure 7.2). A systematic survey of the Río San Francisco Valley was undertaken to place the site of San Francisco de Arriba within a regional perspective and to gain an understanding of the area’s settlement patterns. Neutron activation analysis of recovered ceramics aided in differentiating between local and imported pottery. Neutron activation was also used to identify the sources of imported obsidian recovered at San Francisco de Arriba and to propose potential trade networks and interregional relationships otherwise invisible in the archaeological record.See All Chapters
|Cuch, Forrest S.||University Press of Colorado||ePub|
The story of Sinauf, the god who was half man, half wolf, and his brothers Coyote and Wolf has been told many times in tipis and wickiups. According to Ute legend, these powerful animal-people kept the world in balance before humans were created. After Sinauf made people, humans took responsibility to care for the world, and in time they created many stories of their predecessors. These stories became the basis of Ute history and culture and defined the relationship of Ute Indians with all living elements, both spiritually and physically.
Most often the stories were told during the winter months. As snow drifted in under the tipis through little gaps, children scrambled to cover the drafts. By the fire sat the elder, the storyteller. His listeners sat in a circle, bundled tightly in warm buffalo or rabbit robes, waiting eagerly for him to begin what could be a long night of stories. There were tales of acts of courage during summer’s skirmishes and bravery during the fall hunts to be added to the tribe’s oral history. But, always a favorite was the story of how the Nuche—the Utes—first came to be.See All Chapters
|Robert J. Marzano||Marzano Research|
The purpose of education is not simply to teach and reinforce academic knowledge and skills. Rather, it is also to awaken in students the motivation and inspiration to become productive, satisfied human beings who not only add value to their own lives but the world at large. This requires a new vision of what constitutes
We have presented a framework for instruction that is based on a hierarchy of needs and goals. Metaphorically, the framework assumes that at any point in time, students are asking themselves the following questions.
�� Level 1: “Am I physiologically comfortable in this situation?”
�� Level 2: “Does this situation make me feel safe?”
�� Level 3: “Does this situation make me feel like others accept me?”
�� Level 4: “Does this situation make me feel like I am valued?”
�� Level 5: “Does this situation make me feel as though I am living up to my potential?”
�� Level 6: “Does this situation make me feel like I am a part of something important?”See All Chapters
|Dr. A.J. Nair||Laxmi Publications|
n Since the microcarrier culture is well mixed, it is easy to monitor and control different
environmental conditions such as pH, PO2, PCO2, etc. n Cell sampling is easy. n Since the beads settle down easily, cell harvesting and downstream processing of
products is easy. n Microcarrier cultures can be relatively easily scaled-up using conventional equipment
such as fermentors that have been suitably modified.
Because of the many advantages of the technique itself, it has gained great popularity.
Thus, a large variety of microcarriers are available on the market.
FIGURE 20.4 Vero cells cultured on cytodex microcarriers.
6. Fixed-bed reactors. Microcarriers, macrocarriers, or encapsulated beads could be used in fixed-bed reactors. The cells are immobilized in a matrix and the culture fluid is circulated in a closed loop. There is no agitation system. If the bed of immobilized cells is disturbed by the circulating medium, it is said to be a fluidized-bed reactor. Such a process achieves a high degree of aeration and agitation.See All Chapters
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