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Medium 9781599961552

Activity 44. Rumors

Peter Garber HRD Press, Inc. PDF

44. Rumors


A rumor is spread among the participants in the session.

Time Guideline

20 to 30 minutes, depending on the number of participants


To demonstrate the accuracy of rumors as they spread throughout an organization


Handout 44-A


1. Ask participants if they have ever wondered how rumors get started and how accurate they really are.

2. Begin the activity by stating that you are going to start a rumor among participants and measure its accuracy after it travels throughout the room.

3. Allow one participant to silently read Handout

44-A, entitled Did you hear about the big shake-up coming? Allow this participant a few moments to read the rumor, and then take the handout back.

4. After reading this rumor, the participant should tell the person sitting next to him/her what he/she heard. The participant should either whisper the rumor to the next person or leave the room to share this information.

5. This procedure should continue until everyone in the session has heard the message.

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Medium 9780596527730

9. Behavioral Patterns: Iterator, Mediator, and Observer

Judith Bishop O'Reilly Media ePub

The three behavioral patterns we will study in this chapter support communication between objects while letting them keep their independence and, in some cases, their anonymity. The Iterator pattern is a fundamental pattern that has wide application in many situations and is substantially supported by C# 3.0's LINQ or Linq (Language INtegrated Query) extensions. The Mediator and Observer patterns mirror the mailbox and publish/subscribe methodologies that are well-known in distributed systems.

The Iterator pattern provides a way of accessing elements of a collection sequentially, without knowing how the collection is structured. As an extension, the pattern allows for filtering elements in a variety of ways as they are generated.

Consider a typical file directory such as that shown in Figure9-1. Common directory operations include searching for files with particular names or extensions, or files created before or after certain dates. When searching for a file, the directory structure is unimportant and should be abstracted away. For directories of reasonable size, another useful operation is to list their contents in a hierarchy, as shown in Figure9-2. The loop that displays a directory in a neat format can once again be independent of which item is supplied next. As long as enough is known about each item's position in the hierarchy and its attributes (such as size), a loop should be able to print each line.

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Medium 9780596001322

11. Filehandles and File Tests

Tom Phoenix O'Reilly Media ePub

A filehandle is the name in a Perl program for an I/O connection between your Perl process and the outside world. That is, it's the name of a connection, not necessarily the name of a file.

Filehandles are named like other Perl identifiers (letters, digits, and underscores, but they can't start with a digit), but since they don't have any prefix character, they might be confused with present or future reserved words, as we saw with labels. Once again, as with labels, the recommendation from Larry is that you use all uppercase letters in the name of your filehandlenot only will it stand out better, but it will also guarantee that your program won't fail when a future (lowercase) reserved word is introduced.

But there are also six special filehandle names that Perl already uses for its own purposes: STDIN, STDOUT, STDERR, DATA, ARGV, and ARGVOUT.[1] Although you may choose any filehandle name you'd like, you shouldn't choose one of those six unless you intend to use that one's special properties.[2]

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Medium 9781855756472

Chapter Eleven: Bipolar Disorder

Rudi Coetzer Karnac Books ePub


The writer, Ernest Hemingway, was thought to have suffered from a few diagnoses, including bipolar disorder and traumatic brain injury (Martin, 2006). While diagnostic labels change with time, it is likely that difficulties related to mood swings have been around for some time. What is now termed bipolar disorder was previously known as manic–depressive disorder. In essence, DSM-IV (American Psychiatric Association, 1994) divides bipolar disorders into bipolar I disorder and bipolar II disorder. Bipolar I disorder represents the occurrence of one or more manic or mixed episodes. In contrast, bipolar II disorder is defined as the occurrence of one or more major depressive episodes, plus at least one hypo-manic episode. There are several other sub-divisions within the bipolar disorder spectrum. None of these is utilized in this chapter, as almost all the (limited) research to date has failed to specify typology. Accordingly, here, the disorder will then also be conceptualized as constituting, in essence, a cyclical fluctuation between episodes of depression and mania in a person. It is acknowledged, though, that in reality this is a much more complex mental disorder than portrayed by this simplistic definition.

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Medium 9781935542667

Chapter 9: Leadership Is an Affair of the Heart

Richard DuFour Solution Tree Press ePub

Rational clarity does not always create the emotional commitment that motivates a desired behavior. And when emotional factors are not taken into account, organizations fall short of their intended goals. . . . Emotional influences shape attitudes and drive behaviors as much as logical arguments and rational influences.

—John R. Katzenbach and Zia Kahn

Throughout this book we have attempted to provide an explanation of how effective educational leaders—superintendents, principals, and teachers—implement powerful concepts and processes in order to improve student learning. We have cited research, referenced correlations, and shared data. We have described these leaders as results oriented, tight, and intensely focused on nondiscretionary goals. Any book on effective leadership, however, must acknowledge that these same bottom-line leaders who hold themselves and others accountable for providing tangible evidence of improved student learning also appeal directly to the emotions of those they lead.

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