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Medium 9780596008789

7. Authentication

Phillip J. Windley O'Reilly Media ePub

Authentication is how an identity is established. This is a prerequisite to controlling a subject's access to critical resources, the topic of Chapter8. Authentication answers the questions "Who are you?" and "How do I know I can trust you?"

In the physical world, we answer these questions in a variety of ways. If we leave aside personal recognition of friends and acquaintances, identity is typically established in the physical world by means of a token of some sort. Identity badges and spoken passwords are examples of tokens that are used to identify someone to a stranger. When a person presents an identity badge, we trust the badge only if we trust the entity that issued the badge and believe that the badge is not a forgery.

Identity badges and other trust tokens are more properly called credentials . Credentials in the physical world establish our right to claim a certain set of attributes. In the digital world, they are no different. To lay claim to a set of attributes (e.g., an identity), the subject presents credentials that can be authenticated.

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Medium 9781576754597


Bernie Horn Berrett-Koehler Publishers ePub

I was tempted to call this chapter “How to Talk Like Barack Obama,” because he really does have a knack for describing progressive policy in terms of mainstream values. Here are just a few of the things Obama said when he delivered the keynote address at the 2004 Democratic National Convention:

About freedom: “John Kerry believes in the Constitutional freedoms that have made our country the envy of the world, and he will never sacrifice our basic liberties, nor use faith as a wedge to divide us.”

About opportunity: “People don’t expect government to solve all their problems. But they sense, deep in their bones, that with just a slight change in priorities, we can make sure that every child in America has a decent shot at life, and that the doors of opportunity remain open to all.”

About security: “And just as Lieutenant Kerry did not hesitate to risk his life to protect the men who served with him in Vietnam, President Kerry will not hesitate one moment to use our military might to keep America safe and secure.”

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Medium 9781574415308

Introduction: Latino Urban Agency, Sharon A. Navarro and Rodolfo Rosales

Edited by Sharon A. Navarro and Rodolfo Rosales University of North Texas Press PDF


Latino Urban Agency


decision To compile This collecTion of essays on The urban

political presence of the Latino community was based on a critically important question that is generally taken for granted when analyzing

Latino politics. This question has to do with the definition of Latino politics in a changing political landscape in America. Is there, or can there be, a generic, overarching definition/identity of Latinos in the United States?

The premise in approaching this question, and our resulting decision to compile these essays, is that the Latino community is one of the most diverse communities that can be defined ethnically.

More importantly, as diversity within the Latino community intensified toward the end of the first decade of the twenty-first century, the question of how Latino communities would relate to the larger changing political system,1 in what many political pundits called a post-racial era, became one of the most important questions facing both activists and scholars in the twenty-first century. An important factor to consider in this post-racial era is the emergence of particular political and electoral relationships between

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Medium 9781574412567

"A Most Unusual Upbringing”

Kenneth L. Untiedt, editor University of North Texas Press PDF


Most men stumble into their life’s role. A chance encounter sparks a flame, a career pursued; a birthright endows one a profession.

Some drift from trade to trade until something sticks. Others simply drift. My grandfather, Bab, labored as a ranch hand, then a butcher, until finding a life’s calling when he landed a job at a furniture store sometime around 1920. The owner operated a funeral parlor in the back of the store. Eventually, Bab became one of the first licensed morticians in the Lubbock area.

Until his mind became fogged with dementia, my father often recounted with nostalgia those days at the furniture store. As a boy, he was assigned the daily duty of dusting the furniture displays.

Often a call came in from a ranch or small community out on the

Staked Plains requesting the services of an undertaker. Bab loaded his equipment into a Model T Ford, Dad hopped into the passenger seat, and off they went across the prairie, there being few roads to their destinations. They traversed one property to another. At each fence line, Dad jumped out, opened the gate, then closed it after the old Ford passed through. Flats and breakdowns were commonplace, and ruts suddenly transformed to axle-deep loblolly should a thunderstorm strike. A forty-to-sixty-mile journey occupied most of a day.

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Medium 9781574412635


Edited and Annotated by Charles M. Robinson III University of North Texas Press PDF


Manuscript Sources

Bourke, John Gregory. Diaries. 124 vols. United States Military Academy

Library, West Point, New York. Microfilm in possession of the editor.

———. File. Special Collections and Archives Division. United States

Military Academy Library. West Point, New York.

Crook, George. Collection. Microfilm edition. Rutherford B. Hayes Library, Rutherford B. Hayes Presidential Center, Fremont, Ohio.

Schuyler, Walter Scribner. Papers. Henry E. Huntington Library and Art

Gallery, San Marino, Calif.

Government Documents

Bourke, John Gregory, “Apache Medicine-Men.” Originally published as

“The Medicine-Men of the Apache.” Ninth Annual Report of the

Bureau of Ethnology to the Secretary of the Smithsonian Institution, 1887–’88. Washington: Government Printing Office, 1892

(443–603). Reprint. Mineola, N.Y.: Dover Publications, Inc., 1993.

Heitman, Francis B. Historical Register and Dictionary of the United

States Army, From Its Organization, September 29, 1789, to

March 2, 1903. 2 vols. Washington: Government Printing Office,

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