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Day Dawns

John Gallas Carcanet Press Ltd. PDF
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11. Ornamentation

Stanley Ritchie Indiana University Press ePub

Baroque ornamentation can be classified in three categories: symbolic, notated, and spontaneous. I do not propose to provide an exhaustive catalogue but only briefly describe and illustrate those most frequently encountered in violin repertoire.

Symbolic notation of ornaments was most common in French music, but present in all music of the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries. Symbols are, by definition, shorthand, and musical symbols, which varied in meaning from one country or composer to another, were usually translated into real notation in prefatory tables or described in scholarly treatises.

The gruppo or groppo is usually indicated simply by the word itself, and the speed and duration of the ornament must be based on the context in which it occurs. This forerunner of the main-note trill with a termination may be notated thus:

The ribattuta is a type of gruppo, a variant that begins with irregular beats of the trilling finger that gradually accelerate into a normal-sounding trill. Still recommended by C. P. E. Bach1 and Türk2 at the end of the eighteenth century, this type of trill is therefore appropriate for use in the music of Mozart, Haydn, and Beethoven.

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IX. Summary ofSystems Thinking and Learning

Stephen G. Haines HRD Press PDF


IX. Summary of

Systems Thinking and Learning

Systems thinking offers us a better way of expressing ourselves, understanding the world, and living our personal and professional lives than do the old analytic and mechanistic thinking modes. The systems perspective gives us a better view on our “radar scope” and thus a more effective method of thought, communication, problem solving, and action. Without it, today’s thinking and problem solving become the source of tomorrow’s problems.


People and organizations need to do more than just use systems tools; they need to adopt systems terminology and systems-oriented questions into their everyday vocabulary.

These help clarify and simplify “solution seeking,” bringing into solutions a more holistic light.

To get you started, here is a review of some of the key terms, principles, and questions of systems thinking.

1. A-B-C-D model or framework. Specifically:

A. Output

B. Feedback

C. Input

D Throughput

—Within E. The Environment

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Chapter Eleven - Therapy Places

Schinaia, Cosimo Karnac Books ePub

The room had been square. I saw that two of its iron angles were now acute—two, consequently, obtuse. The fearful difference quickly increased with a low rumbling or moaning sound. In an instant the apartment had shifted its form into that of a lozenge. But the alteration stopped not here—I neither hoped nor desired it to stop. I could have clasped the red walls to my bosom as a garment of eternal peace. “Death,” I said, “any death but that of the pit!

(Edgar Allan Poe, 1842, p. 164)

Therapeutic architecture

In therapy places, the expression of pain and suffering is immediate, that is to say, many mediations that normally take place in socially accepted communications do not occur. Pain and suffering tend to produce identification, participation, and empathy only up to a certain threshold of patience. Beyond this threshold we witness an evacuation into the interlocutor's mind, which is unable to contain all the pain and suffering. As a consequence, certain defence mechanisms take place, such as emotional detachment, physical avoidance, and an extreme technicalisation and sanitisation of the meeting with the suffering person. Anxiety is experienced as overflowing and intolerable. Thus, a first response to it can be the creation of “enclaves” in which health professionals indulge in order to protect and defend themselves and to constrain and curb their empathy.

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Things Go Missing

Tim Johnston University of North Texas Press PDF

Things Go Missing

Part I: Malfeasance

For a while, there, I was a burglar. I mean I walked uninvited

into people’s homes and took their things and kept them for myself—though usually not for very long. My locker would fill up and girls would notice, the way girls do, and if they saw something they liked I’d either give it to them or take some cash just for appearances—two bucks for a near-empty bottle of N°5, five for something really desirable like a red alligator clutch. If anybody asked, it was all stuff my mother was getting rid of. When business got too brisk, or I began to recognize too many things in the halls, I’d start ditching my haul before I got back to school, or else I’d take it home and stash it in my mother’s boxes in the attic, knowing that Dad, if he ever went up there, would not be able to tell the difference.

Say “burglar” and people think: Male, full-grown, night-time, black clothes, flashlight. They don’t think: Girl, ponytail, pancake chest, Gap jeans—ringing the bell in the middle of the day, asking, Is Betty-Lynn home—? No kid was ever named Betty-Lynn.

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