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Medium 9781780646947

10: Summer Semi-deciduous Species of the Mediterranean Landscape: A Winning Strategy of Cistus Species to Face the Predicted Changes of the Mediterranean Climate

Ansari, A. CABI PDF

10

Summer Semi-deciduous Species of the Mediterranean Landscape:

A Winning Strategy of Cistus Species to Face the Predicted Changes of the

Mediterranean Climate

Otília Correia1 and Lia Ascensão2*

1

cE3c – Centre for Ecology, Evolution and Environmental Changes, Faculdade de Ciências, University of Lisbon, Lisbon, Portugal; 2CESAM – Centre for

­Environmental and Marine Studies, Faculdade de Ciências, University of Lisbon, Lisbon, Portugal

Abstract

Plants dominating the later stages of succession in Mediterranean shrublands, well adapted to summer drought, are frequently sclerophyllous and regenerate after disturbance through sprouting (obligate resprouters). In contrast, summer semi-deciduous species such as Cistaceae and Lamiaceae are obligate seeders, do not sprout, and fire stimulates the germination of their seeds. It is thought that these species evolved during the Pleistocene, when the Mediterranean climate was formed. This review focuses on four Cistus species: C. albidus, C. ladanifer, C. monspeliensis and C. salviifolius, which are frequent in the Mediterranean basin. The morpho-functional and physiological traits implicated in the adaptive strategies to face the predicted changes of the Mediterranean climate are analysed. Briefly, these species have similar morpho-functional traits, possibly indicative of the low soil fertility which is usually linked to early successional stages and xeric conditions. All the leaf traits seem to indicate that the summer semi-deciduous species are adapted to face the predicted changes of the Mediterranean climate, in the sense of increasing temperature and unpredictability of rain distribution. In fact, these species, with high autecological plasticity, seem to exhibit an opportunistic behaviour that allows them to respond to climate unpredictability, with photosynthetic organs ready to work whenever the climatic conditions become favourable.

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Medium 9781782201359

Chapter Thirteen: Template for Comprehensive Assessment of the Patient or Client Prior to BART Psychotherapy or Peak Performance, and use of the Hermann Brain Dominance Instrument

Arthur G. O'Malley Karnac Books ePub

Comprehensive assessment questionnaire of patient or client in preparation for BART psychotherapy and peak performance

This will take approximately two hours to complete. However, invaluable information will be collected to guide further treatment. It is adapted from the Health of the Nation Outcome Scale for Children and Adolescents designed by Professor Simon and the late Professor Richard Harrington (Gowers, Bailey-Rogers, Shore et al., 2000). I have further modified the diagnostic interview of the child. I have created the section on chronology and stresses, which was absent from the HoNOSCA. The genogram section was designed by Barry Litt and is available on www.BLitt.com. It is reprinted with permission from Barry Litt.

Client: Name ...............................................

Address.....................................................................................................................................

Post (Zip) code.......................

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Medium 9781855752832

CHAPTER ELEVEN. Some assumptions on psychological trauma interventions in post-conflict communities

Renos Papadopoulos Karnac Books ePub

Natale Losi

General background

This chapter attempts to develop some reflections on the intense experiences in working in Kosovo between the summer of 1999 to date. More specifically, this work consisted in the setting up and implementation of a project by the International Organization for Migration to assist the region in the period immediately after the cessation of hostilities; the project was called Psychosocial and Trauma Response (PTR) and it represented a first concrete application of my ideas on post conflict interventions in the field of mental health and psychosocial issues. During this project, of course, the initial ideas were enriched and modified first by the experiences themselves as well as by the encounters and exchanges with other colleagues working in this field; these colleagues included also non-psychological professionals as well as lay people sharing with us in our endeavours to assist with the suffering of an entire population. Fundamental to this project has been the contribution of the Tavistock Clinic both as an institution as well as through some members of its staff who are duly acknowledged below.

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Medium 9781855756267

The Dream of the Murders on a Train: Graph representation of the recognized links among sources

Umberto Barcaro Karnac Books ePub

We first consider a dream reported by Freud in the 12th Lecture of his Introduction, entitled “Some analyses of sample dreams” (Freud 1916–1917). The dreamer was a neurotic subject. The manifest dream is the following:

Dream Report: “He was travelling in a railway-train. The train came to a stop in open country. He thought there was going to be an accident and that he must think of getting away. He went through all the coaches in the train and killed everyone he met—the guard, the engine-driver, and so on.” (p. 197)

The indicated memory sources are listed below (we have preferred to number them): of course, the attribution of the various excerpts to separate sources is simply derived by a logical reflection on the contents of the text.

Source 1: “He thought of a story told him by a friend. A lunatic was being conveyed in a compartment on an Italian line, but through carelessness a traveller was allowed in with him. The madman killed the other traveller.” (p. 197)

Freud's comment to this association is:

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Medium 9781855756410

36. Ming I / Darkening of the Light (‘Wounding of the Bright’)

Peggy Jones Karnac Books ePub

above Kun / The Receptive, Earth

below Li / The Clinging, Fire

above Chên / The Arousing, Thunder

below Kan / The Abysmal, Water

The hexagram pictures light or fire beneath and within the earth, and this image is powerfully reflected in the title. The entire hexagram refers to the historical period in which King Wên (who wrote the judgements on the hexagrams) was imprisoned and his life in danger. Under these circumstances it was imperative that he should behave inconspicuously while doing all he could to endure and keep his spirit from failing. There is no harm in comparing our own struggles with those of King Wên; we can learn much about surviving adversity from his story.

Throughout life there may be times and circumstances in which it is advisable to hide our light, times in which we have not actively sought to be involved but have, none the less, been caught up. These events may be the result of greed, malice, or envy on the part of others. There are times when, no matter how well-behaved we are, there are still those who wish us harm or who just do not like us. However, we need to be aware that, without intending to do so, it is possible to contribute to the setting up of situations in which we shine too brightly and thus attract to ourselves these dangerous responses. This is, perhaps, why the Chinese always reserve their highest praise for the person who behaves modestly. Our behaviour at such times requires patience, forbearance, and trust in the ever-changing patterns of life and its energies. It is wise not to make our perseverance or endurance too obvious, however, or this, too, may attract anger and act as a provocation to further injury. This is not a counsel for masochistic submission to the situation, but rather for acceptance of it as it is, and for a quiet determination that we will outlast the period of adversity while safeguarding our sense of self.

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