You will soon realize how essential the pulse is for maintaining the stability of the clave, mainly because it provides a downbeat in an otherwise highly syncopated environment. Salsa music consists of a thick weave of syncopated patterns, all working together like an intricate piece of machinery. These patterns must be precise individually in order to lock the rhythm section, so the downbeat pulse can often times be your lifesaver!
In order to understand the claves development, we must refer back to African religious music. Inherent in many of the rhythms of African folklore is the concept of the binary phrase, with a pulse serving as a sort of "common denominator". Many rhythms brought to the Caribbean area had this characteristic, in particular the rhythmic patterns of the Yoruba culture of Nigeria. Many of the extremely polyrhythmic patterns played by the bata drums, for example, contain a rhythmic cell within their structure known as 6/8 dave. This clave pattern is shown here with the pulse, (fig. 3.4):
Children are one-third of our population and all of our future.
— SELECT PANEL FOR THE PROMOTION OF CHILD HEALTH,1981
Do you remember going kicking and screaming to the doctor’s office when you were a child? One six-year-old’s screams routinely echo through the pediatrician’s office whenever the needle nears her arm. On a recent car ride to the clinic for a booster shot, she was accompanied by her three-year-old brother, who looked into her fear-stricken face and solemnly observed, “Uh-oh. Shots time.”
Half a world away in Cambodia, another six-year-old shrinks back in fear as the needle nears her arm to inject a measles vaccine. Despite her cries, the moment represents a joyous triumph against the odds. Such a simple shot puts her on the path to a healthy future—one that is still out of reach for millions of children in developing countries and for 9 million children without health coverage in the United States.
Good health strengthens children, families, and our future. UN Millennium Development Goal 4 challenges us to reduce child deaths, aiming to cut the death rate of children under five by two-thirds by 2015.
By now you have learned how to meditate. But how does meditation fit in with the other activities and challenges of your life? How can you avoid the fragmentation that comes from randomly jumping from activity to activity? How can you lead a balanced life that allows you to live your core principles every day?
The answer to these questions requires one to develop a coherent philosophy of life that is compatible with the laws of nature. This philosophy of life becomes part of the spiritual realm of your life. Bringing this spiritual dimension to your practice deepens your motivation to practice meditation regularly and sustains your commitment to the process. This gives you the determination to stick with it, through whatever difficulties you experience or no matter how busy or fragmented your life becomes. Meditation becomes a skillful way to link the spiritual to the physical dimension of your life.
In studying how various spiritual leaders have incorporated meditation into their lives, I find the insights of Zen Buddhism to be a very useful point of reference. While I don’t subscribe to all aspects of Zen teaching, the concepts are truly enlightened and worth considering, especially because Zen speaks so directly to the healing power of meditation. I am not talking about Zen as a religion, but rather as a philosophy of life that is compatible with most religious beliefs and modern scientific theories. In the Time magazine cover story “The Dalai Lama’s Journey” (March 31, 2008), reporter Pico Iyer explains that Buddhism is “more accurately called a science of mind than a religion.”
Philip McGarry: “Thank you, John, for that tour de force, everywhere from the Maze Prison to Katmandu to Lima. I’m sure we have plenty of questions.”
Question: “You referred to these political acts, the communicable act of a terrorist, but how would you describe the American government’s attack on Iraq or Afghanistan, that sort of ‘rescuing’ countries from violence?”
John Alderdice: “One of the things that’s terribly important for us, whether in medicine or psychiatry or psychoanalysis, is to try to be as clear as possible about the language we use. One of the problems about emotionally driven language is that it tends to expand to mean everything and nothing. The term terrorism is a description of a specific triangular tactic where people who don’t have the power to confront a power or authorities directly, because they would be destroyed, then attack a victim, but the victim is not the target of the attack. The target of the attack is the powerful government that is responsible for this victim, so it’s a triangular process. What an authoritarian government does, whether it is the USA attacking Iraq, or whoever, whatever you like to call it, it’s not terrorism because it’s a direct attack, the victim is the target, so it’s not the same kind of thing. It’s done because that authoritarian government or authority figure doesn’t feel any great fear that it can’t cope with any attack that comes back. So, I think it’s important to use the term terrorism not as a moral term, where, by using the very term, you are condemning it and everybody that’s involved with it simply by the use of the term. It’s emotionally loaded. I don’t use it in this way, I use it as a technical term that describes a very specific clear tactic that was developed quite strongly by the anarchists in the nineteenth century and we’ve seen it continuing on since. It’s not a question of whether you like or don’t like what they stand for, that’s not the issue; it’s a specific description of a tactic. The tactics that governments use, whether on their own citizens or on others, of spreading fear and terror, are no less frightening and I’m not setting one against the other in a moral sense, but it is a very different kind of tactic.”
A very important question we must ask is, What was Jesus view of the days of creation? Did He say that He created in six literal days?
When confronted with such a question, most Christians would automatically go to the New Testament to read the recorded words of Jesus to see if such a statement occurs.
Now, when we search the New Testament Scriptures, we certainly find many interesting statements Jesus made that relate to this issue. Mark 10:6 says, But from the beginning of the creation, God made them male and female. From this passage, we see that Jesus clearly taught that the creation was young, for Adam and Eve existed from the beginning, not billions of years after the universe and earth came into existence. Jesus made a similar statement in Mark 13:19 indicating that mans sufferings started very near the beginning of creation. The parallel phrases of from the foundation of the world and from the blood of Abel in Luke 11:5051 also indicate that Jesus placed Abel very close to the beginning of creation, not billions of years after the beginning. His Jewish listeners would have assumed this meaning in Jesus words, for the first-century Jewish historian Josephus indicates that the Jews of his day believed that both the first day of creation and Adams creation were about 5,000 years before Christ.