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A cook reads the order the waiter hands her. Delivery drivers read maps. Carpenters read blueprints.
Railroad brakemen read lists of cars that will make up a train. A person’s reading skills play an important role in almost every job. You may need to master several kinds of reading skills for your job.
Briona works as a secretarial assistant. On her first day, Briona was asked to photocopy a 48-page report for an important meeting. The copy machine was fancier than any copier Briona had ever seen. She had no idea how to work it. But she kept calm. She pressed a button that lit up instructions on the copier’s screen.
After reading them carefully, she followed the directions one step after another. By taking it one procedure at a time—and not panicking—
Briona was able to do the job. She turned out good copies in time for the meeting.
This paper is concerned with the effect of conflicts with internal objects on the capacity of women to become pregnant, to keep the pregnancy, and to give birth. In the cases outlined, defences used to manage these conflicts and resulting compromises are described. These defences exist on a continuum from neurotic to psychotic and affect how the baby in the womb is experienced. In borderline psychotic women there can be confusion between the psychic inner world and the internal world of the womb. This can lead on to puerperal psychosis. The role of the oedipal relationship and the relationship with the partner need to be considered, as in the women described, these relationships are notable for their absence or ineffectiveness. It is necessary, if cycles are not to be repeated from generation to generation, to be able to separate from repetitive, destructive ways of relating governed by past grievances and to use help that may be available in the present.
Having a baby is paradoxically the most ordinary thing in the world and the most extraordinary. For women throughout their reproductive lives, thoughts of pregnancy are central: it may be fear of being pregnant, anxiety about not being pregnant, or more complicated feelings about their sexual identity as a woman and a mother. For most women the wish to have a baby is an integral part of their lives and the strength of this inner drive can take some people by surprise. Having a baby is seen as a positive developmental step and with it comes recognition of maturity or “grown up” status. It is also about reparation - a chance to put right wrongs from the past and to do things differently. This opportunity for a new beginning is an important part of having a baby, but it is not a simple way to solve the problems of the past. This hope is seen when deprived adolescent girls become pregnant with the fantasy that they will provide for the baby all that they have needed and wanted for themselves.
is referred to using \2. Then follows a reference to the first group (the first one or two digits in the date), stipulating that the first and the second number are identical.
Now we get a reference to the second group, stipulating that the second separator is identical to the first one. Finally, we may get any two digits (\d\d)?, followed by another back reference to the first number of the string. Note that (\d\d)?, too, creates a referent, but here we use the parentheses only to group the two digits so that both are in the scope of ?.
Finding Formatted Text
In the GREP tab you can constrain the GREP expression to text with certain formatting: both local formatting and a character and/or paragraph style. For example, to find all sequences of two or more capital letters that have been formatted as small caps, use the search pattern we saw earlier, \u\u+, and specify
Small Caps in the Find Format area. Another example: let us think how we would go about finding paragraphs formatted in bold from beginning to end. To find a whole paragraph, we need to match from its beginning to its end and match everything in between:
‘We are such stuff as dreams are made on; and our little life is rounded with a sleep.’
—Shakespeare, The Tempest, Act IV, Sc. 1, 156–58.
‘I will get Peter Quince to write a ballad of this dream. It shall be call’d “Bottom’s Dream,” because it hath no bottom.’
—Shakespeare, A Midsummer Night’s Dream, Act IV, Sc. 1, 220–22.
When I worked at the Tavistock Institute there was no frame of reference with which to incorporate dreams into thinking about action research and consultancy. Nevertheless there were experiences that caused me to start to think. In 1975, for instance, I was interviewing managers as part of an action research study ofmanagement development in companies in Britain. One manager volunteered that he had a repeated dream, which was that he had to come to work each day through a graveyard. No matter which route he took he always had to pass through a cemetery. The associations we had in the interview were that his particular company was going to enter into a financial crisis that could be terminal. He felt depressed because most of his colleagues were denying this probability. It led me, subsequently, to think about the mortality of individual managers and the place of the idealization of careers in the lives of individuals. As important was the fantasy that the business enterprise was immortal in that it would exist forever in the future. This seemed to be a shared fantasy which role holders projected into the business‘in the mind’, irrespective of the current trading and commercial realities. Whatever uncertainties they had of the future were projected into the business, which acted as a‘container’, and they could introject, in turn, certainty.