This research project contains both empirical research and what is described by Dreher (2000) as “conceptual research”: “Conceptual investigations in psychoanalysis are just as important as are the various forms of empirical research” (p. 4). Michael Rustin (2002) also addresses the particular link between psychoanalysis and the modelling and mapping devices developed in work on complexity theory and chaos theory. The empirical component in this study may be more familiar to the research community, as, although it certainly falls within the heading of qualitative research, it uses interviews with groups to generate data through recorded texts of the interviews. As is detailed further on (chapter 6), the texts of the interviews were then examined using the principles of grounded theory to see what categories emerged. The groups were interviewed twice—first when they were beginning the experience of infant observation and again after they had completed an academic year of it—in order to make a comparison possible. However, it was necessary first to have engaged in a conceptual mapping exercise to generate a systematic taxonomy of the skills and capacities that are held to be important, implicitly or explicitly, by the community of practitioners for the practice of psychoanalytic psychotherapy.
This book is written for practicing managers, about their practice of management, and for the many other people influenced by and interested in that practice. It may be especially helpful for new managers befuddled by this strange new world of managing. Simply Managing is a substantially condensed and somewhat revised version of my book Managing (2009), to focus on its essence for busy readers.
The boldface sentences summarize the key points in this book and so serve as a running commentary throughout. (There are no chapter summaries; I believe that these sentences do that job more effectively.) Use them if you are the harried manager described in Chapter 2, and probe around them if you wish to be the reflective manager prescribed in Chapter 5. To help, here is an overview of the six chapters:
Chapter 1 opens things up by questioning a number of common myths about managing—for example, that leadership is more important than management. This chapter is short but necessary for what follows, so please read it!
As you design your own hacks, you may need to draw a schematic diagram of the circuits involved.
Schematic diagrams can be drawn by hand (a time-consuming process) or by using a computer-aided design (CAD) tool. There are numerous schematic capture software packages available for both the professional and the hobbyist. If you have a few dollars to spend, I recommend the OrCad package available from Cadence Design (http://www.orcad.com). It is one of the most popular and well-supported packages available. As of this writing, the company offers a free CD with a “light” version that allows schematic capture of up to 60 parts. If you want to try out low-cost or free tools, check out the following web sites: http://members.aol.com/atpclogic/index.html http://www.advancedmsinc.com/ http://www.pulsonix.com/
Several drawing packages, such as Visio, include some schematic symbols, which can be used to generate simple schematic diagrams. You can also create your own schematic symbols inside a drawing software package.
Probably long before recorded history our ancestors gathered on various occasions for communal singing about various events— significant or insignificant. Near the turn of the twentieth century,
Professor Francis Barton Gummere of Harvard hypothesized in The
Beginnings of Poetry1 that narrative poetry and story telling began as tribal chants when warriors returned from a hunt for necessary food and stood around chanting about highlights of the day. Gummere suggested a hunter would step now and then forward to inject a colorful detail that would be repeated by the circle of hunters and the assembled villagers. In a short time, a narrative of the hunt with its high points would be imbedded in the memories of the tribe.
Among the folk for millennia following the times of hunters who provided food, getting together for listening to singers and for communal singing has been common. Folklorists and anthropologists from all over the world have collected many songs, poems, and favorite narratives from whatever sources are available.
In the previous chapters, we discussed some of the core concepts of
the Entity Framework, the Entity Data Model (EDM), querying, and other
straightforward operations. The simple database and console application we
used illustrated key points and kept you focused on the lessons. Now its
time to look at some more realistic scenarios.
In this chapter, well create and work with a more realistic model.
The model will be contained in its own assembly so that you can reuse it
in other applications in your enterprise.
The chapter will also address the important task of clarifying the
names used in a model that has been created from a database. You will also
learn about many-to-many relationships as well as a few more tips about
mapping stored procedures.
The example company for which we will be writing software is
called BreakAway Geek Adventures. This small company arranges adventure
vacations for hard-working programmers who need a break. Examples of
vacations that can be booked through BreakAway Geek Adventures include
whitewater rafting in Belize and bicycling in Ireland. The company has
been in business for a number of years and has an old application that
uses a SQL Server database for its data store. Now its time to write
shiny new applications for this venerable firm in .NET, leveraging the