Electrical Engineering Department, University of Jordan, Amman, Jordan
Abstract— Traffic Control is considered one of the fastest developing technologies in the world. One such method is control by traffic cameras. The first cameras installed for traffic monitoring were developed in the 1960s. This development led to the growth of multi-purpose traffic cameras in several countries across the world. The scope of this report is concentrated on producing a traffic control camera, which can be installed at crossroads with traffic lights. Algorithms for speed detection, and license plate recognition, are described and their performance is evaluated.
they have advantages over film cameras in speed monitoring.
However, film-based systems may provide superior image quality in the variety of lighting conditions encountered on roads. New film-based systems are still being used, but digital ones are providing greater proficiency, lower maintenance and are now more popular.
A playlist is a group of songs you gather from your iTunes library that you think go well together. You can include pretty much any set of tunes arranged in any order. For example, if youre having a party, you can make playlists out of the current Top 40 downloads or the dance music in your iTunes library. If youre in a 1960s Brit-girl pop mood, you can whip together the hits of Dusty Springfield, Lulu, and Petula Clark. Some people may question your taste if you, say, mix tracks from La Bohme with Queens A Night at the Opera, but heyits your playlist.
Creating playlists has become something of an art form since the iPod arrived in 2001. You can find books filled with sample playlists. Academics around the world write papers about group dynamics and cultural identity after studying how people create playlistsand which ones they choose to share with others. You can publish your own playlists in the iTunes Store (see Publish Your Own Playlists (iMixes)) so others can bear witness to your mixing prowess. Some nightclubs even invite people to hook up their iPods so they can share their playlists with the dance-floor audience.
This chapter deals with the methodological, operational (i.e. indications, diagnosis, goals, duration), ethical, and philosophical issues of individual systemic therapy.
In the early 1970s, at our Centre (Selvini Palazzoli et al., 1978a), the original Milan team used to draw a clear distinction between family therapy and individual therapy, and chose to do family therapy with all clients referred. There were only a very few exceptions. For example, if during family therapy some family members did not want to continue therapy, the team would eventually decide to go on working with one individual, who usually happened to be the person who had made the request for therapy or, sometimes, the identified patient. Nonetheless, the meetings with the one client alone were still defined as family therapy sessions, in order to avoid transferring the label of “patient” from the family to the individual.
At that time, the indications for individual therapy as such came down to only two. The first was when the client did not want to come with his family and put this condition as the sine qua non for initiating therapy. The second was when the client could not bring his family members or spouse, either because they refused to participate or because they were unable to for organizational, logistic, or financial reasons. Nonetheless, this was an uncommon situation, since our Centre was known as a private institution that specialized in family and couple therapy, and therefore the clients were referred and motivated by other professional to come as a family or as a couple. The clinical context was different for our trainees; at their workplace, they often had to make compromises, especially if they worked for public health agencies in which psychotherapy was traditionally done with individual clients rather than families.
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