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Medium 9780876111635

1. Establishing a Town

Hazel, Michael V. Texas State Historical Assn Press ePub



THE HISTORY OF DALLAS as a permanent settlement begins in 1841, when the first Anglo pioneers arrived. Native Americans certainly traversed this area on hunting expeditions for thousands of years before then, but there is little evidence of prolonged encampment. Traces of conical structures typical of Caddo farm sites have been found in the Mountain Creek drainage area southwest of Dallas, and prehistoric tools and spear points have been unearthed on the edge of downtown Dallas. But such artifacts are still very rare, and knowledge about these early inhabitants of the region is scanty. In general, the Trinity River, which cuts the modern city in half, seems to have been a sort of dividing line between the more agrarian tribes of eastern Texas and the nomadic, buffalo hunting tribes of the west.1

The primary asset of most of what is now Dallas County was its rich, blackland soil. “It is universally admitted to be the finest soil in the country,” wrote Edward Smith, an Englishman who visited the region shortly after Texas joined the Union, “equalling in fertility the rich alluvial bottoms of the great Mississippi valley.”2 Apparently his description was not too exaggerated, for an early settler wrote as follows: “This portion of the country is just as rich as any man wants it to be. The soil is black and sticky as far and deep as necessary. Corn, wheat and cotton grow well. . . .”3

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Medium 9780596803476

19. Beyond the Basics

Barbara Brundage O'Reilly Media ePub

So far, everything in this book has been about what you can do with Elements right out of the box. But as with many things digital, there's a thriving cottage industry devoted to souping up Elements. Of course, signing up for a account ( gives you access to a lot of extra goodies from Adobe, but a ton of other stuff is available, too. You can add new brush shapes, Layer styles, actions, and fancy filters. Best of all, a lot of what's out there is free. And many of the tools are designed to make Elements behave more like Photoshop. This chapter looks at some of these extras, how to manage the stuff you collect, and how to know when you really need the full version of Photoshop instead. You'll also learn about the many resources available for expanding your knowledge of Elements beyond this book.

Probably the most popular Elements accessory is a graphics tablet, which lets you draw and paint with a pen-like stylus instead of a mouse. A tablet is like a souped-up substitute for a mouse: You control your onscreen cursor by drawing directly on the tablet's surfacean action that many artists find offers them greater control. If trying to use the Lasso tool with a mouse makes you feel like you're trying to write on a mirror with a bar of soap, then a graphics tablet is for you.

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CHAPTER ONE. Mechanisms and mysteries

Karnac Books ePub

Nathan Field

When my patient John first came to see me he was depressed, confused and virtually at the end of his tether. He had not expected to feel so deeply upset when his father died some months earlier. He had fallen out with him many years before, quite unable to forgive him for what he felt was a lifetime of harshness and intimidation. He had barely spoken to him even at his mother’s funeral. From his teens onward John had thought of his father as a brute, he saw himself as his victim, and his mother as a martyr. What frightened him now was his unexpected grief at his father’s death.

In the therapy, because I was more or less his father’s age, he transferred onto me his fear and hatred of male authority figures. I worked hard to sustain an empathic attitude and interpret as helpfully as I could; but he remained deeply mistrustful and interpretations never seemed to sink in. Even though he didn’t explicitly reject them, I suspected that they ran off him like rain off plate glass.

The label I might apply to John is “paranoid-schizoid”: the paranoia refers to his underlying fear and suspicion; the schizoid means split. By dying his father had become a good object, and I a bad one. John tended to see most of his life in terms of opposites. Usually the opposites did not meet; they just co-existed, like heads on one side of a coin and tails on the other, and John could only believe in the side which was uppermost. Most people who come for therapy function at a similar level. In their judgments they switch from black to white, friend to foe, love to hate, pain to pleasure. Each state of mind, while it persists, totally defines their reality, then flips to its opposite, and carries the same conviction. Like a coin, there is no space for anything in between, namely thought. They live in what I would call the realm of the two-dimensional. I use this term to convey that their perceptions are distorted, rather in the way that large continents are distorted on a map as compared to a globe, and it is little wonder their lives feel existentially flat.

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Rehana Khan Laxmi Publications PDF







Microbes are one of the most important partners in our life. Their presence is felt by human beings. Hence one cannot forget the gifts which have been given by these organisms to this world. The beneficial contribution of the micro-organisms to the world are as follows:


It is estimated that worldwide food protein deficiency was about 12 million ton in

1985, and likely to increase to approximately 23 million tonn by 2000. SCP has developed hope to solve this problem. Remarkable increase in productivity is also one of the achievements of what come to be known as green revolution and it could be possible by sincere efforts of agricultural scientists and by microbiologists. After the Second World

War, research works on the new sources of food have been done all over the world which have increased remarkable food production and productivity through crop improvement and biotechnological processes. This was the first phase of green revolution. In broad sense, biotechnology has three impacts on the development of agriculture: (i) with the improvement of genetic engineering techniques, the time for generating and evaluating new germplasm can be drastically reduced, (ii) chemical and biotechnological processes have opened new frontiers to products of improved value from agricultural raw materials and (iii) new strains of micro-organisms for food production. It is imperative that new food sources be found in order to that future generations of mankind be adequately fed.

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11. Coahuila

Sherry Robinson University of North Texas Press ePub



[A]mong all the nations [the Apaches] are the most fearsome not only because of the firearms that they now have acquired . . . but also for their valor and intrepidity and because they are not accustomed to flee, preferring to win the engagement or die . . .

—Hugo Oconór, 1777 1

Coahuila, the Lipans’ new refuge, sprawled from the Medina River to the Big Bend of the Rio Grande to the Bolsón de Mapimí. Settlements were isolated, and the presidios undermanned. In spring 1770, three thousand Apaches camped across the Rio Grande from the presidio of San Juan Bautista, and Governor Jacobo Ugarte y Loyola had just 115 soldiers at the presidios of Monclova, San Juan Bautista del Río Grande and Santa Rosa del Sacramento. Settlers began to slip away. In July 1771 Apaches brazenly attacked the presidio of Santa Rosa at noon with the governor present and stole six hundred horses. Soldiers pursued, but their horses wore out after 180 miles.2

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