Programmers love a clean slate. The thought of throwing away all the
code weve ever written and starting over can seem alluring, but this
typically isnt a viable option for most companies. Many development
organizations have made a substantial investment in developing and
purchasing COM components and ActiveX controls. Microsoft has made a
commitment to ensure that these legacy components are usable from within
.NET applications, and (perhaps less important) that .NET components are
easily callable from COM. The ability to mix managed .NET code with
unmanaged code from the older worlds of Win32 and COM is called interoperability, or as its usually
This chapter describes the support .NET provides for using ActiveX
controls and COM components into your application, exposing .NET classes to
COM-based applications, and making direct calls to Win32 APIs. Youll also
learn about C# pointers and keywords for accessing memory directly, which
can be necessary for using some unmanaged APIs.
Right before I fell asleep, I remembered that Mary the mother of Jesus was there when he died. I wondered where she was—if she was staying in the upper room. I wanted to ask someone about it, but I was too tired.
When I woke up the next day, I felt like crying. It was funny because I felt like crying even before I remembered why I was sad.
I got up and saw that Hannah was helping Ruth prepare breakfast. It seemed that Jonathan’s mom was still at David’s house. I didn’t know where everyone else was. Noah was still asleep, so I just sat there, wrapped in a blanket, feeling sad.
After breakfast, the three of us went out by ourselves. It was quiet. Not dark and heavy like the day before, but quiet and empty.
“Why isn’t there anyone around?” asked Noah.
“Probably because it’s the Sabbath—Saturday,” said Hannah. “The Jewish people don’t work or even travel very far on the Sabbath. It’s a day of rest.”
We walked down the street slowly. We weren’t going anywhere. We didn’t have anything to do. So we just walked to do something.
Enjoying specifics and being one of those bored by theory not anchored in observations, I shall proceed in this chapter from particulars: from a photograph, to why the picture serves as pornography, to its owner's tastes in pornography, to his perversion, to perversion in men in general, to men's erotic excitement, to gender identity in men.
At the center of most erotic excitement and all perversion, I have suggested (1975, 1979a, 1985), is fantasy, conscious, preconscious, or unconscious, energized by hostility. In this fantasy, the agent—the perverse person who will be excited by the script—imagines that he or she is harming someone else. This script, which may take form in a daydream, in pornography, or in the ritual that makes up the performance of perversion, is the manifest content of the perversion. Beneath it are the unconscious thoughts, the latent content. So, for instance, the manifest content may display, as the object of desire, something that is not human, though the unconscious intended is a person.
For many years now, the tide of opinion has been against placing children and young people in residential care, and there has been a commensurate burgeoning of fostering and adoption services. This opinion has been rooted in the feeling that children need to be in families, a well-founded desire to give children homes, and a prejudice against institutional care, reinforced by a constant flow of scandals in children’s homes. In this chapter I outline why I feel there will always be a need for residential provision for certain children. I then look at some of the issues that besiege children’s homes and make the work so demanding and difficult. Finally, I also reflect on what is needed in children’s homes if they are to provide a containing and therapeutic environment for children to live in.
There is a large number of children and young people who, when things go wrong at home, are placed almost as a matter of course in foster care. Very often these children are not suited to family life, and there is a tragic mismatch between foster carers who want to provide children with a substitute home and the children whose level of disturbance means they place an impossible burden on any family where they go to live. There are, of course, exceptional foster carers who seem to be able to tolerate very high levels of destruction, sexualized behaviour, and violence in their homes. However, for most foster carers, the daily impact of living in close proximity to such distress, which so often manifests itself in attacks on the foster home and indeed on the foster carers, causes immense emotional strain and can lead to burnout and breakdown.