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Medium 9781623152024

Chapter 1: 10 Tips for Paleo Baking

Rockridge Press Rockridge Press ePub
Medium 9781780490816

Chapter Twelve - The Smug Buddha: Dialogue with Caroline Helm

Maria Pozzi Monzo Karnac Books ePub

Dialogue with Caroline Helm, whose Tibetan name is Gakyil Shenpen, which translates as Coil of Joy Benefiting Others

References

Bion, W. R. (1962). Learning from Experience. London: Tavistock.

Chõdrõn, P. (1968). When Things Fall Apart. London: Elements.

Chogyam Trungpa Rinpoche (1973). Cutting Through Spiritual Materialism. Boston: Shambhala Publications.

Coltart, N. (1992). Slouching Towards Bethlehem. New York: Guilford.

Meltzer, D., Bremner, J., Hoxter, S., Weddell, D., & Wittenberg, I. (1975). Explorations in Autism. Perth: Clunie Press.

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Medium 9781607320692

SIX Ludwig von Bertalanffy (1901–1972): General Systems Theory

Debora Hammond University Press of Colorado ePub

Ludwig von Bertalanffy (1901–1972):
General Systems Theory

The humanistic concern of general system theory as I understand it makes a difference to mechanistically oriented system theorists speaking solely in terms of mathematics, feedback and technology, and so giving rise to the fear that system theory is indeed the ultimate step towards mechanization and devaluation of man and towards technocratic society.

—Ludwig von Bertalanffy, General System Theory1

Ludwig von Bertalanffy is probably one of the more misunderstood figures in the history of science. His conception of general system theory (GST)—note that Bertalanffy used system in the singular, while today it is commonly referred to in the plural—was rooted in his concern with the development of a broader and more holistic theoretical framework in biology, although his association with the technologically oriented development of systems ideas often contributes to the misinterpretation of his work, particularly in terms of its implications for understanding social systems. Bertalanffy himself contributes to the confusion, because he often identifies GST with the broad development of systems approaches, including cybernetics, information theory, game theory, systems analysis, etc. At the same time, he distinguishes the humanistic focus of his own approach from the more mechanistic and technocratic orientation of other contemporary systems approaches. Ironically, Ido Hoos cites a similar passage in her critique of systems analysis, arguing that Bertalanffy provided the theoretical basis for systems analysis, which he saw as “serving and hastening” such mechanization and devaluation, as if this were what he was hoping to promote. Not only does she fail to acknowledge the critical element in Bertalanffy’s view, but the evolution of systems analysis also has quite different roots.2

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Medium 9781782203438

Cup 9: Freud and his Fecundity

Brett Kahr Karnac Books ePub

BK:Feeling better, Herr Professor?

SF:Ein bisschen.

BK:Yes, I am feeling a little bit better, too, after a short stretch.

SF:Now we may resume.

BK:So you arrived in Paris in October of 1885. We have already spoken about the remarkable Charcot. His brilliance, his esteem, his fame, his wealth, his love of fine art, his leadership over a fawning group of young doctors…all of this made a great impression on you as you approached your thirtieth birthday.

SF:A man needs another man he can look up to.

BK:Léon Daudet, the writer…

SF:He came to one of Charcot's soirées with me. Not a very attractive man.

BK:He referred to the Maître as “Charcot Imperator” – Charcot the Emperor. I have also seen descriptions of him as the “Napoléon of the Neuroses”. These are extremely grandiloquent titles.

SF:But he deserved them. He did become Imperator. Do you know how many neurological symptoms and diseases he identified? He really created a profession of neurology where none had existed previously. And, moreover, he became a brilliant psychologist, without even realising precisely how much he had contributed to that field as well.

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Medium 9781879639768

Chapter 8: Communications

Langrehr, John Solution Tree Press PDF

CHAPTER 8

COMMUNICATIONS

Communication is the sharing of information. We can communicate by speaking, writing, signalling, drawing, using our faces and bodies, and so on. Cave paintings were one of the first methods of communication for recording, as well as sharing, information. Through the use of satellites, cables, optical fibers, and other electronic inventions, we can now instantly communicate around the world to billions of people at the same time. E-mail, faxes, and the Internet are very recent inventions that have changed how we communicate with each other.

We have come a long way from the drawings that cave dwellers used to communicate with each other. The hieroglyphics of the ancient Egyptians were a large step forward in visually recording information. The printing press invented in the 1400s was another giant leap forward because it provided a way to produce books mechanically. Before the press was invented, the few books that were produced were created by hand. Books were usually owned only by the wealthy, and relatively few people knew how to read. In more modern times, newspapers and public libraries are just two ways printed communication is made available to everyone.

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