Slices & Articles Get by the slice or add to your own ebook
|Martin Heidegger||Indiana University Press||ePub|
What was said about “phenomenon” and “phenomenology” has nothing to do with providing a methodology for phenomenology, an undertaking of the most dubious kind—it simply has the function of an orienting which has illuminated a certain stretch of the path of inquiry, of a pause within a certain traveling and seeing along this path. What was said is intended to be understood solely in this respect and with a view to it. By way of the most necessary considerations of method, we will shortly make the explicit passage from understanding the how of research in an empty manner to actually taking it up.
Through a first examination of the being-there of Dasein in its today, where the position of our looking was focused on the phenomenon of “being-interpreted,” two directions of interpretation were brought into relief in this Dasein. They showed themselves as modes in which Dasein is speaking to itself and about itself in a pronounced manner, i.e., in which it makes itself present for itself, holds itself in this presence, and lingers in it. As so characterized, Dasein’s having-itself-there sees itself in historical consciousness in the kind of being which consists in a certain having-been of itself, and in philosophy in the kind of the being which consists in a certain always-being-in-such-a-manner. In both directions of interpretation, i.e., in the basic phenomenon of being-interpreted, the phenomenon of curiosity showed itself and indeed it did so as the how of a self-comporting (of being) which consists in being-directed toward something in the mode of knowing and defining it.See All Chapters
‘The work of the Matrix mirrors the functioning of the mind!’ says a participant at the end of a Social Dreaming program, with a great deal of satisfaction at his discovery; understanding that the Matrix mirrors in waking life the ‘Matrix of the undif-ferentiated unconscious’ that operates while we are asleep and dreaming. It is quite extraordinary when actually experienced in reality. Unconscious and conscious contents can be seen, multiple strands of dreams/thoughts/discourses coexisting simultaneously in the continuous waves that at times coalesce as particles.
One way of regarding consciousness in relation to the unconscious is to imagine the world as a psychic pond. This is the Matrix of the mind through which everyone is connected … the universe is pure mind. Thinking and thoughts can be likened to pebbles thrown into the psychic pond, setting off waves radiating from them. When two or more sets of waves of thinking coincide, going forward and backward in time, an event is likely to occur. The phrase ‘shadows of the future cast before’ takes on a new meaning. The shadows—subjective memories and dreams, cast before and backwards (for time is relative)—bring about events and happenings that exist in real time and that are objective. This is an example of reality being both ‘out there’ and ‘in here’ (objective and subjective) … Dream has an important place in determining what takes place in day-to-day life (Lawrence, 2005: 85).See All Chapters
|Franz Marc||Parkstone International||ePub|
|Edited and Annotated by Charles M. Robinson III||University of North Texas Press|
Bureau of Ethnology
March 22 1881. Left Omaha, Neb., in obedience to the above telegram from Lieut. General P. H. Sheridan....The road between the Fort and city was in an extremely muddy condition from rapidly melting snow. The present winter has been phenomenal in severity, lasting, almost continuously, from October 10th, until the present date and during nearly all that time only one night when snow melted. There has been more than twice as much snow this winter as during the whole six years just past. Not only does it cover the fields to a depth varying from 12 to 20 inches, but it fills the roads in drifts varying from 5 to 20 ft. in height and has blocked all lines of rail in the West and North-East. In three different ways will this Arctic severity of the present winter damage our R.R. interest:
1st. In actual injury to tracks, bridges and culverts, either as snow direct or as water from the freshets and floods occasioned by thaws;
2nd In the stoppage of winter freights; and 3rd In the Impoverishment of the farmers, miners and stockmen, who have been retarded so much in their labor or deprived of such a percentage of their accumulations. When the next “round-up” of cattle is made, I am sure that many ranges in Nebraska, Dakota, Wyoming and Colorado will show losses of not less than 60 @ 70 per cent; farmers will not be able to commence planting much earlier than April 15th and miners have been impeded in the work of development of their “prospects” by the failure to obtain necessary machinery as well as by the flooding of their shafts and drifts.1See All Chapters
W. R. BION
IN this paper I shall discuss the schizophrenic patient’s use of language and the bearing of this on the theory and practice of his analysis. I must make it clear, for the better understanding of what I say, that even where I do not make specific acknowledgment of the fact, Melanie Klein’s work occupies a central position in my view of the psycho-analytic theory of schizophrenia. I assume that the explanation of terms such as “projective identification” and the “paranoid” and “depressive positions” is known through her work.
Freud made numerous references to the bearing of psycho-analysis on psychosis, but for the purpose of introducing my paper I shall refer only to one or two of these. In his 1924 paper on “Neurosis and Psychosis” he gives a simple formula for expressing perhaps the most important genetic difference between neurosis and psychosis, as follows: “Neurosis is the result of a conflict between the ego and its id, whereas psychosis is the analogous outcome of a similar disturbance in the relation between the ego and its environment (outer world).”2 As it stands this statement would appear to equate an endo-psychic conflict with a conflict between the personality and the environment and to open the way to confusion. I do not think it unjust to his views to assume they are more correctly represented by passages in which the dynamics of neurosis and psychosis are uncompromisingly based on the concept of endo-psychic conflict. Yet Freud’s formula does, by pointing to the psychotic patient’s hostility to reality, and conflict with it, help us to grasp one element that determines the nature of the endo-psychic conflict, and I remind you of it for that reason.See All Chapters
Business & Economics