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Medium 9781855759985

CHAPTER FOUR: Sadomasochism and depression

Franco De Masi Karnac Books ePub

A ccording to Abraham’s contributions on depression (1912,

/\ 1916, 1924), the suffering of melancholia arises out of the

J. \. patient’s perception of a self capable of hating rather than loving. That is why melancholia, unlike mourning, includes conscious hate for the subject’s own self.

In “Mourning and melancholia” (1916-1917g [1915]), Freud takes up this essential aspect of unconscious hate and places it in the perspective of a sadomasochistic relationship that is both internal and external.

Unlike a bereaved person, the melancholic feels not only that his world has become meaningless but also that his ego has been emptied out. In confirmation of his own unworthiness, he attributes to himself not merely guilt but all the negative qualities of the world, too. Freud points out that, in melancholia, it is not just the relationship with the lost love object that is altered, as in mourning, but in addition the relationship with the subject’s own ego. Whereas in mourning the loss concerns the object, in melancholia it is the ego itself that is affected.

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Medium 9781855750296

5. Resisting and Empathizing

Roy Schafer Karnac Books ePub

I shall be dealing here less with empathizing as such and more with resisting and its impact on empathic interactions. I have linked the two terms in my title because over many years of supervising analysis and teaching analytic technique and process in seminars, it has always seemed to me that certain things about resisting which ought to be well known, and are said to be well known and sufficiently appreciated and applied, are in fact not known well enough and not consistently attended to in practice. And it has seemed to me that this neglect of resisting has invariably functioned as one of the most powerful disturbers of the analyst’s readiness to empathize.

The emphasis in clinical psychoanalysis falls, of course, on understanding and explaining the analysand’s difficulties. And the goal of the analytic method is structural change. Structural change is shown not just by the analyst’s getting back from the analysand insightful formulations. And certainly it is not shown by getting easy assent to the analyst’s formulations, for if it were easy to develop mutative insight, if, that is, there were no resisting that achievement, there could be no analysand who needed expert analysis.

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Medium 9781576336106

Factoring Polynomials: ACT Algebra

Ace Academics Ace Academics ePub
Medium 9781855753037

Primitive emotional development

Karnac Books ePub

D. W. Winnicott

It will be clear at once from my title that I have chosen a very wide subject. All I can attempt to do is to make a preliminary I personal statement, as if writing the introductory chapter to a book.

I shall not first give a historical survey and show the development of my ideas from the theories of others, because my mind does not work that way. What happens is that I gather this and that, here and there, settle down to clinical experience, form my own theories and then last of all interest myself in looking to see where I stole what. Perhaps this is as good a method as any.

About primitive emotional development there is a great deal that is not known or properly understood, at least by me, and it could well be argued that this discussion ought to be postponed five or ten years. Against this there is the fact that misunderstandings constantly recur in the Society’s scientific meetings, and perhaps we shall find we do know enough already to prevent some of these misunderstandings by a discussion of these primitive emotional states.

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Medium 9780596800697

10. Running Your Application on the Google Infrastructure

Charles Severance O'Reilly Media ePub

This chapter describes how to move from local development to hosting your application on the App Engine infrastructure. It covers the fundamentals of establishing an App Engine account, monitoring their health in the Application Console (this is what I call the page which is the collection of things like Dashboard, Logs, Data Viewer, and so on), and managing versions of your applications.

Google makes a basic level of App Engine service available to anyone at no charge. If your application exceeds the limits for bandwidth, storage, or computation on your free accounts, you can upgrade to a pay plan and scale your application as far as you like.

All that is required to get started is a Google account and the ability to receive an SMS (text) activation message.

To set up your App Engine account, start by visiting the App Engine developers site: If you do not already have a Google account, you can create one there with an existing email address or create a Gmail account here (which will allow you to log into the Application Console):

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