While Congress and two presidents were battling over antitrust reform, federal incorporation and railroad regulation, the flood of securities spread out by the merger wave continued to transform the American stock market. As I discussed in Chapter Four, the first phase of the modern market’s development began with the merger wave and then quickly picked up steam. Many small investors could not resist blind speculation in manic markets like the one that swelled during the early spring of 1901. But their investment behavior in general was characterized by relative conservatism, with railroad bonds, a handful of high-grade industrial bonds and sometimes preferred stock serving as the most prominent investments. The socialization of the market was under way, too, as business, political, social and labor leaders encouraged Americans to invest in the new property not only for the sake of their own futures but also for the preservation of American ideals.
As we have seen, stock ownership among ordinary investors had been increasing over the previous decade and with increasing speed. While the years from the turn of the century to the Panic of 1907 marked one stage of growth, driven by the masses of new securities created by the merger wave and its aftermath and taken up by Americans experiencing a new prosperity, the period from the panic to the war formed a second stage. The financial press and retail brokerages were proliferating, industrial stocks became normalized as investment vehicles, and preferred and even common stock no longer frightened the average investor. In fact, some reports characterized the market following the panic as middle-class bargain hunting. Speculation was no longer an evil word; advisors and policymakers only cautioned the public to speculate intelligently rather than gamble. For a still small but growing class of Americans, the stock market had become part of the ordinary course of American life.193
The Internet has been a place for socializing since the early days of
newsgroups and Bulletin Board Systems, AOL chat rooms, and the first online forums. But in the last few years, social web sites have sprung up that let us connect with more people and share
more than ever before. As socializing in cyberspace meshes with real
life—through notifications and updates to our cell phones and the ability to
upload and post content on the go—more and more people will connect with
friends, family, and colleagues over the Internet.
But the social web is more than just about talking to friends and
family—it's a powerful marketplace where word of mouth can make or break
products and companies. Unlike the marketplaces you’re familiar with, ad
dollars and fancy commercials lack currency in the social web universe. It
works on a different set of rules: rules made by your customers, rather than
advertisers or media companies. They decide what they watch and read, and
who they listen to. We’ll take a look at this new marketplace and examine
ways you can use social media to connect with customers and potential
customers, as well as build your brand.
incrementing the variable number for each of the matches you want to pass to the destination URL:
Now, what if you want to redirect a request permanently? This is useful if you have an outdated page with a high Google Page Rank that you want to transfer to another page. To permanently redirect the requests to the old page (HTTP 301), just define a rule like the following:
If you have any problems setting up UrlRewritingNet.UrlRewrite or configuring the rules, take a look at the project’s home page (http://www.urlrewriting.net). You’ll find a detailed list of all possible configuration options, a list of frequently asked questions, and the project support forums.
UrlRewritingNet.UrlRewrite in a Nutshell
UrlRewritingNet.UrlRewrite is a capable solution to the common problem of creating more attractive and usable URLs for your web applications. Support for permanent redirects and the ability to configure rules using regular expressions make this tool a powerful and efficient helper in your everyday ASP.NET life.
The Event Log Service (ELS) is a component of the Windows operating
system used to record and monitor significant events in a common and
unified way. We begin this chapter by discussing the overall design
of the ELS and then proceed to demonstrate how to use the ELS in your
programs. The .NET Framework does not support the full functionality
of the ELS, and while complete coverage of the ELS functionality is
beyond the scope of this book, we do provide enough detail for you to
understand the .NET ELS support; consult the Windows API
documentation for complete coverage of the ELS.
In this section, we discuss the overall structure of the ELS and
introduce three important elements of its design: event logs, event
sources, and events. The principal security aspect of the ELS is as
the means to audit Windows security events, for which .NET
unfortunately does not provide good support. However, the ELS is an
important tool that you should use within your own projects to record
important application events.
In addition to the prosaicbut nevertheless crucialtasks related to
the everyday necessities of staying alive, people and communities must also
faceat least indirectlya wide range of staggering challenges, such as
pandemics, environmental degradation, climate change, starvation, war,
militarism, terrorism, and oppression. Unfortunately, many of the worlds
inhabitants are very young or have other good reasons (such as extreme
poverty) for their lack of opportunity, motivation, knowledge, or skills to
face these challenges.
This, in essence, is the situation in which we find ourselves: a world
seriously out of order and a world society that for many reasons may be less
equipped to deal with these challenges than it needs to be. This is
precisely the issue that the concept of civic intelligence is intended to
highlight: will we be smart enough, soon enough?
Before we go any further, it seems best to present the four concepts
that are at the core of this chaptercivic intelligence, democracy, open
government, and deliberationand show how they are related to each