Out of the depths I cry to you, O LORD. LORD, hear my voice! My soul waits for the LORD more than those who watch for the morning.
Psalm 130:1, 6
Within prison, I myself lived the suffering of the Church. I would notice time pass, day after day, without seeing its end.
Testimony of Hope, F. X. Nguyen Van Thuan
Thuan and his companions were immediately transported to the Vinh Quang Prison Camp in the mountains of Vinh Phu. The camp was near the Tam Dao Mountains and Hung Kings Temple—the legendary founders of Vietnam. From the camp, on a clear day, one could see the Tam Dao Mountains, almost 4,000 feet above sea level. In Vinh Phu province, where the Trung Sisters had established their capital in Me Linh after challenging the Chinese, Thuan felt closer to Vietnam’s ancient past.
The prisoners were told that they would be doing farm work. Thuan smiled at the thought. His grandfather and uncles had become farmers after the French stripped Kha of all ranks and honors. It had not killed them.
The last chapter showed the findings from the cycles of analysis leading to the selection of key themes. In the first part of this chapter the findings from the in-depth cycle of analysis are reported. Each of the key themes listed below is examined in turn to elaborate clearly what is understood by each of these from the case work, key proponents and literature. Although some inchoate conclusions emerge spontaneously these are in no way comprehensive since that is not the purpose of this section.
Although in the early cycles of analysis, the casework was examined before turning to the literature, in this section I have chosen to outline the work of the key proponents and the findings from the literature first. This is to emphasize that the clinical team’s empirical work stands on and within a tradition and at times moves on and beyond the confines of that same tradition in keeping with a dynamic process.
The second part of this chapter gives a summary of the findings from the analysis of key themes and preliminary conclusions which will be examined further in later chapters.
Use the following functions to perform mathematical calculations on your worksheet data.
The COMBIN function finds the number of possible combinations when you select number_chosen items from a collection that is number in size. When you calculate the number of possible combinations, you don't care in which order the items are selected (e.g., 1, 2, 3 is the same as 3, 2, 1 and 2, 1, 3). If the order of the selected items does matter, you should use the PERMUT function to calculate the number of possible permutations.
Example: =COMBIN(52, 5) returns 2,598,960.
The FACT function finds the factorial of a number, which is defined as multiplying each counting number from 1 to number (e.g., the factorial of 4 is 1 * 2 * 3 * 4, or 24).
Example: =FACT(8) returns 40,320.
The INT function returns the integer component of a number by removing (truncating) any decimal part of number.
Example: =INT(14.7) returns 14.
The PERMUT function finds the number of possible permutations when you select number_chosen items from a collection that is number in size. When you calculate the number of possible permutations, you do care in which order the items are selected (e.g., 1, 2, 3 is different than 2, 3, 1). If the order of the selected items doesn't matter, you should use the COMBIN function to calculate the number of possible combinations.