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Medium 9781475819595

Progressive Online Teacher Education: Developing Shifts in Methodologies

Teacher Education and Practice Rowman & Littlefield Publishers ePub

VALENTINE BURR AND KARINA OTOYA-KNAPP

ABSTRACT: Online offerings across institutions of higher education are on the rise. This article examines some of the factors that are driving this increase, and it reviews the literature on emerging pedagogies of online instruction. Rooted within Bank Street College of Education’s progressive orientation, we found, in our analysis of our own online courses, a shift in methodology rather than one in pedagogy. Using a case study approach, we discuss and analyze our online teaching practices toward articulating these shifts in progressive methodology as we negotiated the differences between face-to face and online learning. The article contextualizes our online courses within the communities-of-inquiry framework. We focus on the development of the teaching, social, and cognitive presences in constructing two social justice–oriented courses on emotional and behavioral issues and language acquisition.

Online learning in higher education has expanded dramatically over the last decade. The percentage of higher education students enrolled in at least one online course has tripled, from a little less than 10% in 2003 to 32% in 2011 (Allen & Seaman, 2013, p. 19). The 2012 Babson Survey Research Group reported that while overall enrollment in U.S. higher education is in slight decline, enrollment in online courses continues to grow (Allen & Seaman, 2013). Institutions of higher education are grappling with the implications of a changing pedagogical landscape increasingly shaped by digital media.

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Medium 9781628872422

9 ABU DHABI

Gavin Thomas FrommerMedia ePub

Sheikh Zayed Mosque.

The Best of Abu Dhabi

Few neighboring cities can be more different than Dubai and Abu Dhabi. Where Dubai is brash, glamorous, and cosmopolitan, Abu Dhabi is traditional and conservative. For some, Abu Dhabi’s gentler pace of life and outlook have their own appeal, bolstered by such modern developments as the sumptuous Emirates Palace Hotel and the extraordinary Sheikh Zayed Mosque. START: Emirates Palace Hotel.

❶ ★★★ Emirates Palace. The most spectacular sight in central Abu Dhabi, the landmark Emirates Palace hotel lives up to every Western cliché about the petroleum-fueled opulence of life in the Gulf. Built at a cost of around $3 billion (possibly the most expensive hotel ever constructed), the entire place is a study in Arabian baroque and excess. The scale of the hotel is staggering: It’s around a half mile long (guests are offered bicycles to circumnavigate the grounds) and equipped with more than 1,000 Swarovski crystal chandeliers, 150,000 cubic yards of imported marble, 114 domes, 102 elevators, and more than 1,000 employees from around 50 countries. Fittings in the six Rulers’ Suites (reserved for visiting heads of state) are made entirely of gold—including the sinks.

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Medium 9781855758117

CHAPTER SEVEN: Consciousness-dreams

Charalambos Ierodiakonou Karnac Books ePub

Consciousness is disturbed in various psychiatric conditions and so it is necessary for the examiner to evaluate its level during psychological testing or psychiatric diagnosing. Being awake does not always mean that somebody is conscious enough of the surroundings and of himself, and sufficiently alert and ready to accept stimuli, to concentrate and respond. Aristotle in his treatise On Sleep of his book Parva Naturalia deals with the subject more by discussing wakefulness than directly about consciousness.

In some cases, he is more exact; he describes loss of consciousness in persons who have fainted or have received blows to the neck. He also refers to epilepsy as characterized by loss of consciousness similar in a way to that of sleep. Otherwise, he clearly states that sleep is a different condition than disturbances in which there is unconsciousness of the form seen in asphyxia, or when a person falls into a deep trance and is considered dead. In such cases, the perceptive faculty is extremely weakened, and although—the philosopher correctly comments—one may sometimes see images and speak about them when in a trance, that experience is not a dream.

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Medium 9781576336441

Level 2: High School_C-D: GED Words Commonly Confused

Ace Academics Ace Academics ePub
Medium 9781780491363

Chapter Seven - The Coaching Relationship

Marc Simon Kahn Karnac Books ePub

The coaching relationship constitutes the centre of the coaching axis, and is its core. This dimension brings the individual and the environment into dialogue in a way that promotes alignment, integration, and improved performance. As Oliver (2010) explains: “A systemic orientation to coaching highlights the detail of coach/client conversation as a core site of interest and as the place for analysis and the beginnings of change” (p. 108).

In the metaphor of the tree, the trunk, which connects the roots with the branches and leaves, symbolises the coaching relationship. This is used to reflect the idea of an “axis” where the continual focus is relationship between the parts—the individual (roots) and the environment (branches and leaves). A tree trunk channels nourishment in both directions, first, facilitating energy from photosynthesis in the leaves down to the roots and, second, channelling nourishment from the soil through the roots up into the branches and leaves (Evans, 2000). Similarly, the coaching relationship facilitates a conversation between the reality of the environment and the reality of the individual with the aim of potentiating a mutually constructed and shared reality that facilitates the success of both. And it does this through the coaching relationship. At one level, this is about the exchange and brokering of needs, but at a more profound level this is about creating a shared, inter-subjective, narrative that potentiates success holistically and systemically. In other words, the roots have their story and so do the branches and leaves, but the real story is the story of the tree as a whole which creates the realisation of potential for both, and in so doing the entire tree enjoys success. In this sense, it may be helpful to look at the trunk as being both part of the branches and the roots. The roots merge into the trunk, and the trunk merges with the branches. From the point of view of the coaching relationship, this reflects the notion that the organisation and the individual are not perfectly distinct; there is level at which the organisation is as much part of the individual as the individual is part of the organisation.

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