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Medium 9781855752788

CHAPTER FOUR: Culture and system

Inga-Britt Krause Karnac Books ePub

System again

We have come a long way away from the model of a mechanical system mentioned in chapter two, in which different elements or parts are tightly interconnected and the relationship between them is a causal one, so that whenever something happens to one element this always has the same, predictable effect on other elements. Although this mechanical idea of a system has been used by both anthropologists and family therapists, it is a caricature of the processes that take place in social systems, and there are at least three reasons for this.

First, it is impossible to delineate the boundaries of a social system in the way that this can be done for a mechanical one. A social system is a collectivity of persons who are connected indirectly or directly though ongoing social relationships and who more or less agree on the use of certain cultural conventions, words, signs, themes of meaning. It can perhaps be characterized as a community and associated with a locality, but this does not fit straightforwardly with the experience of the increasing numbers of displaced persons or diasporas (Brah, 1996). Much more important for a social system is that in considering themselves members, persons take part (sometimes only momentarily) in processes that distinguish them from members of other social systems, groups, or communities (Banks, 1996; Barth, 1969; Jenkins, 1997). A social system is therefore characterized by social processes that differentiate members of it from members of other social systems and not so much by the criteria of membership, be these signs, symbols, ancestry, or locality, even though each of these may be the focus for highlighting the differences. Social systems, then, can only be defined roughly.

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Medium 9781782201458

Chapter Twenty-Four: Should we as Psychoanalysts Apologise to Women?

Thomson-Salo, Frances Karnac Books ePub

I. Maria Pia Conte

Concerning this matter I find myself in a difficult position because of very strong and conflicting feelings. As a human being I am deeply indebted to psychoanalysis and am very grateful to my first analyst and my training analyst, because they helped me to get sufficiently in touch with myself and others to feel free to be, and to enjoy living my life as I am.

As a woman, on the other hand, I feel often attacked and belittled by the way women are represented in some psychoanalytic theories and by the way some analytic concepts have deformed the image of women's inner life in collective imagination. Among these concepts are: castration anxiety, penis envy, female passivity, and masochism.

What is more I miss the acknowledgement and the appreciation of women's own specific contribution to the mental development of mankind and I feel this is due to a powerful denial of the importance of the relationship of dependency as compared to the sexual relationship.

As a psychoanalyst I feel deeply concerned and drawn to try and find the reasons for this and possible ways of evolving from this situation.

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Medium 9781855757233

Chapter Two: Victory through vegetables:Victory through vegetables: self-mastery through a vegetarian way of life self-mastery through a vegetarian way of life

Paul Marcus Karnac Books ePub

“The odd thing about being a vegetarian is not that the things that happen to other people don’t happen to me— they all do—but they happen differently: pain is different, pleasure different, fever different, cold different, and even love different”

George Bernard Shaw

While Shaw was being humorous in his letter to Ellen Terry, he was also making an observation that rings true to this psychoanalyst. For some time now, having treated a few analysands who were vegetarians, I have been wondering to myself what makes such people tick, those who live a “vegetarian way of life”. By a vegetarian way of life, I mean those individuals, like Pythagoras, Tolstoy, Shelley, Einstein, and Leonardo Da Vinci, to name a few famous vegetarians, who have, to varying degrees, an almost visceral contempt for what they view as the unnecessary killing of animals, who are greatly concerned about animal welfare, earth ecology, and maintaining good physical health. Such lacto-vegetarians (see below) are often associated with progressive social thought, though there have been a few infamous exceptions like Adolph Hitler and Richard Wagner (an unrepentant anti-Semite).

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Medium 9781855753556

CHAPTER THREE: Skin contact in primary relationships

Antonella Sansone Karnac Books ePub

For the young baby, moving into the unknown world
is possible only when there is a secure matrix
to which the infant can immediately return at any moment.

One of the baby’s most primitive and fundamental needs is to find a containing caregiver to be held by. Bick’s hypothesis (1968) was that, in the very young baby, the parts of her personality as well as her body have no interconnecting binding force. Due to this fragile psychic skin, which functions as a container of the parts of the self, the baby fears spilling out in a state of non-integration. She therefore depends on an object (the mother or the breast) that contains her fears. The sense of being held gives the baby security and establishes the foundations of her self-confidence. The baby is born with integrative competence, but needs an intuitive caregiver to attune and resonate with her psychophysiological states to maintain an integrated self (Papousek … Papousek, 1987). The infant acquires understanding of the world through communication and collaboration with sensitive primary figures.

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Medium 9780596005535

1.2. Remote Control Hacks

Raffi Krikorian O'Reilly Media ePub

The remote control hacks not only require a very specific sequence to enter on your remote control, but the context (what is on your TiVo screen) when you enter the sequence also matters a lot. For these hacks, go to any TiVo menu screen (except Live TV or watching a recorded program), and press the appropriate buttons in sequence on your remote control.

Note, however, that not all these hacks work on all varieties of TiVo. The automatic TiVo OS updates add further complications; any change in the software on the Personal Video Recorder (PVR) itself may prevent a hack from operating. Also, there are differences in the software that runs on the TiVo Series I, DirecTiVo Series II, etc., and these differences also prevent certain remote control hacks from working properly. We will do our best to note when a hack might not work on all TiVos, but keep in mind that things may have changed since the time of this writing.

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