Timely therapy benefits people unable to contend with reactivation of previous traumatizing experiences or current emotional overload. Working through troubling issues and precursors of bonding disturbances during pregnancy can pre-empt parental dysfunction and forestall costly treatment of established conditions. The following chart offers guidelines to overlapping risk factors in women susceptible to distress.
• untimely (too young, old, early, late);
• ‘wrong’ mother, father, baby;
• acute ambivalence;
• bipolar conflicts of extreme Facilitator/Regulator;
Systems-centered therapy (SCT) is an approach to group and individual psychotherapy which has been developed in the process of formulating and applying a theory of living human systems to clinical practice over the past 25 years. In its early days, developing the theory was little more than a game around an unanswered question: what would change if, instead of thinking about individuals in terms of their personal dynamics and the group in terms of its group dynamics, one explained dynamics in terms that applied equally to both?
As the theory developed, and as the different questions were asked and answered, it became possible to develop informal hypotheses and to test them out in clinical practice.1 As a network of these hypotheses developed from the principles that defined a theory of living human systems, so the blueprint for clinical practice developed that defines systems-centered therapy today.
This article discusses the relationship between the development of the theory and the techniques for the practice of SCT today. It also outlines some of the factors that are inherent in the SCT approach to therapy in general, that may make it particularly applicable to short-term psychotherapy in particular.
Laptops present special challenges, not only for Linux but for all
operating systems. They often have special low-power versions of standard
chipsets that have in the past presented a major obstacle to getting Linux
installed and running properly. Nowadays, laptops are mainstream and hardware support in Linux is excellent.
Nonetheless, there remain a few challenges, which I discuss in this short
chapterconfiguring power management to conserve battery life, using wireless and Bluetooth
connectivity, and synchronizing the files on your laptop with those on
your desktop system.
The term power management refers to a
group of techniques that (for the most part) are designed to reduce the
power consumption of a PC (particularly a laptop running on battery
power). These techniques include suspend-to-disk, suspend-to-RAM,
processor frequency scaling (reducing the processor clock speed),
spinning down the hard disk, and thermal management (starting the
From cavemen to Concorde airplanes, this area has a varied, infinitely interesting and at times gruesome history. Some of the earliest remnants of prehistoric man are present here in cave paintings, many of which are well-preserved, extensive and open for tours.
Julius Caesar conquered Gaul and this area around 50 BC. That was just the beginning of a string of national identities for various areas of Southwest France and the Spanish Pyrenees Mountain regions, including being conquered by the Visigoths and later being ruled by the Franks around the year 500 AD. The Emperor Charlemagne was crowned in 800 and, soon after, took control of much of the Pyrenees region. It repeatedly changed hands between counts, dukes and other regional leaders.
When Eleanor of Aquitaine married the future English King Henry ee, this led to British rule of this area for around three centuries before it became part of France.
Much of Southwest France was not even part of France as recently as 1453, the end of the Hundred Year's War, when England surrendered all of its French territory, except Calais.
Anyone turning biographer commits himself to lies, to concealment, to hypocrisy, to flattery, and even to hiding his own lack of understanding, for biographical truth is not to be had, and even if it were it couldn't be used. Truth is unobtainable; humanity does not deserve it…
—Freud to Zweig, 31 May 1936, in Freud, E. L., 1961, p. 430.
Hardly words of encouragement. So it is with some trepidation that I attempt a biographical account of the influence of cancer on the pioneering father of psychoanalysis and his theories.
One of his closest friends and colleagues, Ernest Jones, identified two features which exemplify the last twenty years of Freud's illustrious life. The first was “the truly astonishing fresh outburst of original ideas” which “effected a revolution in both the theory and the practice of psycho-analysis”. The second was the “dauntless fortitude with which he endured the political and financial dangers that threatened to engulf both him and his work, the loss of several of those dear to him, and above all the cruel tortures of the many years of suffering from the devouring cancer that ultimately killed him” (Jones, 1957, p. 1).