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Medium 9781588437907

Outside Glasgow

Li Martin Hunter Publishing ePub

Paisley Abbey (Abbey Close, Paisley PA1 1JG, tel. 141-889 7654, fax 141-887 3929,; open Mon-Sat, 10am-3:30pm, Sun for services only). The magnificent abbey was founded in 1163 when Walter Fitzalan, High Steward to David I, signed a charter to found a Cluniac priory. The priory achieved abbey status in 1245 although much of the original building was burned in 1307 by Edward I of England during the Wars of Independence. The abbey was restored during the 14th century but disaster struck again when the tower collapsed in 1553, destroying the roof. The roof remained open for the next 300 years until 1858 when repair work began. The abbey contains a memorial to Marjorie Bruce, daughter of Robert the Bruce and wife of Walter Stewart. Her son Robert II became the first Stewart king. Marjorie, along with Robert IIs wives and Robert III, is buried at the abbey. In addition to the royal tombs the abbey also has beautiful stained glass windows, the Barochan Cross and fine choir stalls.

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Medium 9781931332361

Chapter 13: The Value of Insurance When Facing Potentially Catastrophic Risk

Julia Graham FCII, FBCI, MIRM and David Kaye, FCII, FBCI, MIRM, FRSA Rothstein Publishing PDF
13. The Value of Insurance When Facing Potentially Catastrophic Risk.
Objectives Of This Chapter Are:
•To consider insurance products from the viewpoint of the critical or catastrophic risks carried by an organisation
•To understand whether and where insurers’ products and the insured’s need for continuity interface effectively with each other.
•To assess the value of conventional insurance products to organisations facing potentially catastrophic damage
•To identify in particular where these insurance products do not provide protection for the continuity needs of an organisation.

Assessing Insurance Needs: It is a major disappointment, when looking at many an organisation’s insurance programme, to see just how much the design of the protection package is driven by the ‘off the shelf’ insurers’ products rather then by the risks of the organisation itself.Where there are large numbers of small value and smaller premium risks – say households, shopkeepers, hoteliers, smaller manufacturers etc. - there is a real value in accepting ‘off the shelf’ products. The smaller commercial insured can see that there is value in accepting the ‘package’ even if it provides protections that it does not need, because negotiating individual changes would cost more than the premiums that have been built in for the risk protections that are not needed. The very real danger here however is when the package does not provide protections that are needed. We will revert to this issue in this chapter. See All Chapters
Medium 9780596519223


Joseph Albahari O'Reilly Media ePub

Functions comprise statements that execute sequentially in the textual order in which they appear. A statement block is a series of statements appearing between braces (the {} tokens).

A declaration statement declares a new variable, optionally initializing the variable with an expression. A declaration statement ends in a semicolon. You may declare multiple variables of the same type in a comma-separated list. For example:

A constant declaration is like a variable declaration, except that the variable cannot be changed after it has been declared, and the initialization must occur with the declaration:

The scope of a local or constant variable extends to the end of the current block. You cannot declare another local variable with the same name in the current block or in any nested blocks. For example:

Expression statements are expressions that are also valid statements. An expression statement must either change state or call something that might change state. Changing state essentially means changing a variable. The possible expression statements are:

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Medium 9780596009786

17. Security

Richard Monson-Haefel O'Reilly Media ePub

Most Java EE applications need to provide identity to users who access them and security for that access. Applications may want to prevent hostile users from logging into their systems. They might also want to restrict the actions of the individuals using their systems. The Java EE and EJB specifications provide a core set of security services that application developers can integrate declaratively and programmatically. These include:

Authentication is the process of validating the identity of a user who is trying to access a secured system. When authenticating, the application server verifies that the user actually exists in the system and has provided the correct credentials, such as a password.

Once a user is authenticated in a system, he will want to interact with the application. Authorization involves determining whether a user is allowed to execute a certain action. Authorization can police a user's access to subsystems, data, and business objects, or it can monitor more general behavior. Certain users, for example, may be allowed to update information, while others are allowed only to view the data. For web applications, maybe only certain users are permitted to access certain URLs. For EJB applications, the user can be authorized on a per-method basis.

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Medium 9781601322517

An approach for Mining Complex Spatial Dataset

Hamid R. Arabnia, Leonidas Deligiannidis, Ray Hashemi, Joan Lu, George Jandieri, Ashu M. G. Solo, Fernando G. Tinetti CSREA Press PDF

Int'l Conf. Information and Knowledge Engineering | IKE'13 |


An approach for Mining Complex Spatial Dataset

Grace L. Samson1, Joan Lu1, Lizhen Wang2, Dave Wilson1


Informatics, School of Computing and Engineering, University of Huddersfield; Huddersfield, UK


School of Information Science and Engineering, Yunnan University, China PRC

Abstract: Spatial data mining organizes by location what is interesting as such, specific features of spatial data mining (including observations that are not independent and spatial autocorrelation among the features) that preclude the use of general purpose data mining algorithms poses a serious challenge in the task of mining meaningful patterns from spatial systems. This creates the complexity that characterises complex spatial systems. Thus, the major challenge for a spatial data miner in trying to build a general complex spatial model would be; to be able to integrate the elements of these complex systems in a way that is optimally effective in any particular case. We have examined ways of creating explicit spatial model that represents an application of mining techniques capable of analysing data from a complex spatial system and then producing information that would be useful in various disciplines where spatial data form the basis of general interest.

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