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13 Sea Mammal Morbilliviruses

Munir, M. CABI PDF

13 

Sea Mammal Morbilliviruses

Consuelo Rubio-Guerri and Jose Manuel Sánchez-Vizcaíno

Complutense University of Madrid, Madrid, Spain

Abstract

Cetacean morbillivirus (CeMV) has caused thousands of deaths in cetaceans worldwide. The first known outbreak happened in 1988 on the USA’s Atlantic coast. Since then, different outbreaks have affected cetacean populations in the northern hemisphere, especially in the Mediterranean and on the

Atlantic coast of the USA. Three strains of CeMV have been recognized officially: dolphin morbillivirus, porpoise morbillivirus and pilot whale morbillivirus. However, recently there have been reports of CeMV infections in the Pacific and southern hemisphere, where the ­obtained sequences seem to be new strains because they differ from the three known strains of CeMV. In this chapter, we review the current state of knowledge on CeMV, with a particular focus on molecular ­epidemiology, phylogenetics and control of the disease.

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Chapter Six: Working with the Social Dreaming Matrix

Lawrence, W. Gordon Karnac Books ePub

As work has proceeded with the social dreaming matrix, some basic concepts have had to be evolved. Five terms have to be given meaning in the context of social dreaming:

Working hypothesis

The working hypothesis is a sketch of reality, an approximation, as it is perceived. On further testing of reality, the working hypothesis will be confirmed or will be seen as redundant because the evidence does not match the perceived reality. Then another working hypothesis can be substituted. This process will be continued until the most adequate maps are construed between the perception of reality and the working hypothesis.

This scientific method is used in everyday life. Each of us learns from experience, which is registered emotionally but periodically reaches the limits of our comprehension of the nature of the reality being experienced. A successful company starts to make a loss. The management try every way they can to attain profit, but they are not successful. One hypothesis is that they have reached the limits of comprehension of their market. They know the logic of their business that has brought success in the past, but the logic no longer matches the demands of the environment. Their finite world of knowledge is being challenged by infinite knowledge. They no longer know, and they begin to acquire the courage to foster the ability not to know.

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3 The Early Cretaceous Dinosaur Trackways in Münchehagen (Lower Saxony, Germany): 3-D Photogrammetry as Basis for Geometric Morphometric Analysis of Shape Variation and Evaluation of Material Loss during Excavation

Daniel Ma Edited by Peter L Falkingham Indiana University Press ePub

3.1. The Münchehagen locality in Lower Saxony, Germany.

The Early Cretaceous Dinosaur Trackways in Münchehagen (Lower Saxony, Germany): 3-D Photogrammetry as Basis for Geometric Morphometric Analysis of Shape Variation and Evaluation of Material Loss during Excavation

3

Oliver Wings, Jens N. Lallensack, and Heinrich Mallison

LOWER CRETACEOUS SANDSTONES IN LOWER SAXONY, northern Germany, are well known for their abundant fossil dinosaur tracks. One of the most productive sites is Münchehagen, which is well known for the only German Cretaceous sauropod trackways and hundreds of tracks of ornithopods and theropods, often forming long individual trackways with dozens of consecutive footprints. The largest theropod trackway T3 from the layer that has produced the best preserved true tracks (Lower Level) shows variations in the footprint morphology that allow use of this data as an example for studying the variability of tridactyl dinosaur track measurements.

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19: Insecticide Resistance

van Emden, H.F.; Harrington, R. CABI PDF

19

Insecticide Resistance

Stephen P. Foster,1* Gregor Devine2 and Alan L. Devonshire3

1

Department of Biological Chemistry and Crop Protection, Rothamsted Research,

Harpenden, UK; 2Mosquito Control Laboratory, QIMR Berghofer Medical

Research Institute, Brisbane, Australia; 3Rothamsted Research, UK (retired)

Introduction

Insecticide resistance is an example of a dynamic evolutionary process in which chance mutations conferring protection against insecticides are selected in treated populations. Over the past 30 years, great advances have been made in the characterization and understanding of such adaptations. These have provided valuable insights into the origin and nature of selection and microevolution in agricultural and horticultural environments.

In practical terms, the evolution of insecticide resistance has undoubtedly contributed to overall increases in the application of chemicals to crops.

According to the USDA, in 2007, about 440,000

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Chapter 3 - Amador and Asisara’s Views of Life in California During the Mexican Republic

Translated and edited by Gregorio Mora-Torres University of North Texas Press PDF

CAPÍTULO 3

LOS RECUERDOS DE LORENZO ASISARA Y JOSÉ

MARÍA AMADOR SOBRE LA VIDA EN CALIFORNIA

DURANTE El RÉGIMEN MEXICANO, 1822–1846

Me acuerdo de cuando en el año de 1821 se enarboló la bandera de la independa. en Cal. Vino un comisionado especial de la regencia del imperio de México a efectuar el cambio. Era Gobr. todavía Dn. Pablo Vicente de Solá quien juró la independencia, y la hizo jurar a las tropas y al pueblo. Yo me hallaba a la sazón sirviendo en la campa. de cuera de San Francisco, cuando llegó la orden de Monterey de hacer la pira del nuevo orden de cosas. Recibió la orden el Capn. Argüello quien desde luego le dio cumplimto. Se reunió la tropa como a las 9 de la mañana, y también en la tarde después de las 3. Se hicieron las evoluciones correspondtes. y descargas de fusilería, y en el castillo, arreglado a ordenanza se dispararon 21 cañonazos al tiempo de enarbolar la bandera nueva. Cuando Solá vino a la visita, como un mes más tarde, se repitió todo el ceremonial. Solá quiso mandar en persona las evoluciones y no pudo hacerlo, y tuvo el Capn. Argüello que dar las órdenes. La verdad es que nosotros estabamos hechos a Argüello y no a Solá.

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