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Medium 9781783103782

France: A Passion for Art Nouveau

Jean Lahor Parkstone International ePub


If we linger over the Belgian artists, it is because of the important role they played in the renewal of the decorative arts, especially furniture. [5] In this, Belgium, for better or worse, deserves as much credit as England. From England and Belgium the movement then extended to the northern countries and to France, the United States and Germany.

It is true that Germany needed these decorations to help make its Art Nouveau pillars and its geometric furniture decorated with rigid mouldings borrowed from ancient Greek monuments more palpable. (Remember it was only fifty years ago that King Louis of Bavaria had made his capital Munich as Greek as possible).

Displaying the individual character that comes from local resources, customs, and taste, Art Nouveau then also appeared in Austria, Denmark and the Netherlands.

At no point did England, the Netherlands, or Germany excel in statuary, which almost completely disappeared from their versions of Art Nouveau. In order to entertain the eye their artists instead gave precedence to shiny brass decoration cut in the form of openwork arabesques and attached to woods that were either naturally rich in colour or artificially highlighted.

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Medium 9781449319243

7. Working with Objects and Classes

Patrick Niemeyer O'Reilly Media ePub

java.lang.Object is the ancestor of all objects; its the primordial class from which all other classes are ultimately derived. Methods defined in Object are, therefore, very important because they appear in every instance of every class, throughout all of Java. At last count, there were nine public methods and two protected methods in Object. Five of these are versions of wait() and notify() that are used to synchronize threads on object instances, as well discuss in Chapter9. The remaining four methods are used for basic comparison, conversion, and administration.

Every object has a toString() method that can be called when its to be represented as a text value. PrintStream objects use toString() to print data, as discussed in Chapter12. toString() is also used implicitly when an object is referenced in a string concatenation. Here are some examples:

To be friendly, a new kind of object can override toString() and implement its own version that provides appropriate information about itself. This is particularly helpful in debugging, where it is common to print the string value of an object to see what is going on. Two other methods, equals() and hashCode(), may also require specialization when you create a new class.

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Medium 9781576757659

Boston College

Aspen Institute,, The Berrett-Koehler Publishers PDF

A Closer Look at:

Boston College

Carroll School of Management / Chestnut Hill, MA


The Carroll School of Management at Boston College possesses a unique combination of resources and assets that position it at the forefront of the emerging emphasis on corporate citizenship and business involvement in social issues.


NOTE: All information is self-reported data submitted to the Center for Business Education


Accounting (1)

Business Law (2)

Finance (1)

Information Technology (1)

General Management (3)

Marketing (1)

Organizational Behavior (2)

Operations Management (2)

Strategy (2)


Leadership for Change


Speakers/Seminars (8)

Orientation Activities (1)

Internship/Consulting (3)

Student Competitions (2)

Clubs & Programs (4)

Career Development (1)

Institutes/Centers (5)

Concentrations (1)

* Figures in parentheses indicate the number of courses/activities that, in whole or in part, integrate social, environmental, or ethical perspectives

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Medium 9781937434250

5. Flare Tables of Contents

Thomas Tregner XML Press ePub

Flare TOCs determine not only which topics are included in a deliverable, but also the hierarchy of those topics in the deliverable. TOCs are the glue that bonds topics into cohesive deliverables. Flare TOCs are maintained in an XML file with the .fltoc extension and are stored in the Project\TOCs folder.

Let’s explore the XML structure of a Flare TOC. Example 5.1 shows the XML for a TOC in a Flare project that has a single Flare topic.[7]

Example 5.1 – XML for a TOC with a single link

The element <CatapultToc> (line 2 in Example 5.1, “XML for a TOC with a single link”) is the root element of a Flare TOC file (*.fltoc). The root element can contain one or more <TocEntry> elements. You can think of <TocEntry> elements as nodes in the TOC tree. A <TocEntry> element minimally contains a Title attribute. In outputs, the value of the Title attribute usually becomes the text of the label for that entry or node.

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Medium 9780596515096

2. Imagine

Shelley Powers O'Reilly Media ePub

Nothing replaces text when it comes to providing information, but how dull our world would be without the imagery that has been a part of publications from the beginning. The very first book ever published, the Gutenberg Bible, contains exquisite illustrations, following a tradition of such ornamentation that extended to cultures all around the world and has lasted to today's new digital medium.

The graphics files we use on the Web have become so ubiquitous that it's difficult to imagine not having them. Computer graphics, though, are relatively new. They originated at MIT when a student named Ivan Sutherland used a light pen to draw objects to a computer in 1960. The type of image he created is known as a vector graphic. It's called this because the image is created through vectors or paths between mathematically derived computer points, and controlled by commands issued via an application of some form. Scalable Vector Graphics (SVG), featured in several chapters throughout this book, is an example of this type of graphic.

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