The tiny tracks in the sand, the belly flowers, the intricate mosaics of the dried mud playas—none of this can be truly seen or understood from a vehicle. Unless you get down on your knees, how can you peer closely into the hollow of a salt pinnacle? Unless you walk, you will miss the Gnomes’ Workshop and the early morning tracks on the sand dunes. Desolation Canyon will remain an unknown, as will the rare and endangered pupfish at Salt Creek. An hour or two spent on a morning or evening walk will reward you with memories and a love for the desert.
Keep in mind that the desert holds beauty, but it also holds danger for those who do not respect it. You may have spent years strolling along beaches or up mountain trails, but you must reorient your thinking before hiking in the desert. Distances are deceiving. A hill that seems close could be more miles away than you want to travel. Keep personal safety in mind. Hiking in the summer is never recommended. Stay out of abandoned mines and open shafts or underground tunnels. There might be poisonous gases in the mines, and weak supports could suddenly cave in. A 100-foot drop into darkness is also a possibility.
Melanie Klein's phenomenology of the paranoid–schizoid and depressive positions is a developmental as well as a clinical theory. It is, however, a too limited developmental theory, as strictly defined by Klein's writings, and many clinician-theorists, including myself, are attempting to significantly expand Klein's phenomenology of developmental usefulness (Alexander, 1997; Ogden, 1986). To extend the developmental aspects of Klein's phenomenological psychic states, which are dynamic in their dialectic of regressive and progressive psychic motions, her death instinct metapsychology must be, at least partially, eschewed. The concept of primal trauma, similar to Balint's (1979) “basic fault”, can be accepted as a foundation for pathology as opposed to the notion of pure psychic conflict that is exclusively related to instinctual impulse.
For Klein, movements from the paranoid–schizoid to the depressive position state of mind are fundamental to primary developmental growth in self-integration, as well as the driving force of a continuing psychic evolution in an individual's way of thinking that takes place over the course of a lifetime. As long as primal trauma does not disrupt this natural developmental change, there is a vital shift in a self- and world perception that occurs in each of us in our primary years. This shift in psychic perspective becomes a progressive realignment of our emotional blueprint, as it effects our interpretation of our experience in the external world. The shift from the paranoid–schizoid to the depressive position is a progressive developmental shift due to the ability in the depressive position to tolerate all psychic parts of oneself, both loving and hating parts, so that an ambivalent state of good-enough love for the other as a whole (with good and bad parts) can be tolerated. Prior to the depressive position, the disowning of one's hate for a loved object places one in the dilemma of cutting off from any desired and needed object at the point of anger and disappointment. Wandering from one person to another, following each disappointment in love and in the idealised perfection of the “other” results in a fragmentation of experience that leaves us to exist in a fragmented self-state. Without primary sustained relationship in one's life, nothing is sustained.
Flash video has come a long way since videos were first delivered via .swf several years ago. In fact, although this is still rare, it has matured to the point that some developers choose the Flash Player as their preferred method to deliver standalone videos (without any interactive content). This is largely because of the ubiquitousness of the Flash Player, and is usually coupled with a companion streaming server, but it does say a lot about the quality of today’s Flash video options.
Using video in Flash has many parallels with using sound in Flash. You can import video into a .fla (although it is not recommended), and you can load and play external videos, either with components or with your own scripting. The similarities between using sound and video in Flash are significant enough that you may find yourself understanding Flash video even quicker than you embraced Flash sound. To reinforce this familiarity, this chapter has been organized using a structure similar to that of Chapter 8. Repetition of applicable points will be emphasized, rather than avoided.
The noble term “research” carries such an amount of prestige that it is to be expected that any reference to it might compel one to bow before it. Unfortunately, compared with the richness of the clinical experience of psychoanalysis, the findings of researchers look very meagre. Therefore, one has to be very cautious about the pretence to leadership of those who stand behind research. As some of the results of the requirements to make research possible end with an oversimplification of psychoanalytic knowledge, defended as a precondition of the path that would lead psychoanalysis to a science of proven facts, it is essential to preserve what is specific to the psychoanalytic endeavour. This last task is not at all a simple one, as what appears evident is difficult to spell out. Hence the necessity of scrutinizing what is the real situation and the status of the relationship between practice and theory. The condition created by the dispersed understanding of both of these in today’s psychoanalysis, all over the world, increases the difficulty of reaching a wide agreement.
Sorting a file under Unix is easy, right? Of course it is, if all you want
to do is sort a list of single words, or sort lines starting with the first
character in the line. But if you want to do more than that, there's a lot
more to the sort command than typing
Section 22.2 describes
how to select individual fields from a line for sort to operate on.
Section 22.3 describes
how to change the field delimiter from whitespace to some other
Section 22.4 describes
the kinds of problems that you can encounter if fields
are delimited by whitespace.
Section 22.5 clarifies
the distinctions between alphabetic and numeric sorting.
Section 22.6 gives
miscellaneous hints about useful sort options.