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Medium 9781935249665

Chapter 1: Valuing the Continuous Learning Cycle

Gwen Doty Solution Tree Press ePub

Just as a finished architectural blueprint must contain everything needed to guide the actual construction of a building (including plumbing, electrical, door-and-window scheme, and so on), it is necessary to first design the “big picture” blueprint of a comprehensive instruction and assessment model.

—Larry B. Ainsworth and Donald J. Viegut

In this chapter . . .

• Thinking About Assessment

• A Continuous Cycle of Teaching and Assessing

• Student Involvement in Assessment

• The Language of Assessment

• Thinking About Your Thinking

• Tools and Templates

Reflect upon the types of assessment that your students are often asked to complete. Which of them are scored and graded, and which are used to simply inform? How often do you assess your students throughout a lesson? What formats do you use? Do all your students receive the same assessment?

The continuous learning cycle may help to answer some of the above questions. We have broken the continuous learning cycle into the following four components.

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Medium 9781743215647


Lonely Planet Lonely Planet ePub

The Navigli neighbourhood is named after its most identifiable feature – the canals. Designed as the motorways of medieval Milan, they powered the city’s fortunes until the railroads, WWII bombs and neglect brought about their closure in the 1970s. These days they provide a scenic backdrop to the bookshops, boutiques and bars that make this Milan’s most kicking bohemian ’burb.

MBreakfast on superior pastries at Gattullo then wander west to gaze on the treasures of the Portinari chapel, and over the revamped dock and market beside Piazza XXIV Maggio. From here the Naviglio Grande and Pavese canals stretch southwards; grab a cycle-share bike and explore or hop aboard one of the Navigli Lombardi barges for a one-hour tour.

RIf you return early enough, lunch at Slow Food–recommended Le Vigne or the Mercato Metropolitano. Then browse the funky shops along Ripa di Porta Ticinese. As the afternoon wanes, window-shop your way up to the San Lorenzo Columns for an ice cream from Gelateria le Colonne. There might be a busker in the piazza to serenade you.

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Medium 9781576750308

10 How to Use the Technology to Your Advantage

Robert H. Jacobs Berrett-Koehler Publishers ePub

“Even as you get started in the very beginning, I think it’s critical that you ask yourself ‘What has to be in place in my organization six months from now to really capitalize on the opportunities that will be available from using this approach?’” cautions MaryAnn Holohean, a vice president with the Fund for the City of New York. She offers her advice on getting started with this technology in your organization. “You need to push far into the future in your thinking and identify implications for implementation of choices you’re making today. In a lot of ways this kind of thinking cuts to the core of making lasting changes in any organization.”

At this point, you may be feeling excited, enthusiastic, and ready to launch a real time strategic change process in your organization. Perhaps you have been intrigued by the concepts and applications you have read about, but feel uncertain about how the real time strategic change technology could apply to your organization’s particular mix of challenges and opportunities. Or you may still be feeling skeptical about this approach to supporting change efforts.

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Medium 9781576752517

Chapter 8: The Other Door

Jacob Needleman Berrett-Koehler Publishers ePub


No matter what we say or think, no matter what we do, what we try, time is passing. We will grow old, we will die. If we live long enough to experience the process of growing old, we will very likely begin to look very differently at the things we desired most, the goals that seemed so important when we were younger. This is obvious in the case of desires that depend on biological age, but it is also true, and perhaps much more important, with respect to things that have nothing to do with the biological condition of our bodies. The goals of fame, wealth and power, for example, which are not necessarily biologically determined, look very different when death, or—as it has been called—“the other door,” becomes more visible.

A younger person who is driven by ambition is one thing; often it may even be admirable, up to a certain point, as an expression of energy. But an older man or woman with the same kind of personal ambition evokes pity in us or even fear. A younger person accumulating money or material goods, establishing his or her personal identity in a career or business, is one thing. An older person ardently driven in the same way seems to be foolish. And so it is with many of the things we crave and seek in our lives. As death gradually becomes more visible, more real, as the passage of time is felt in its metaphysical significance, our perception of every person, every object and every situation in our lives begins to change—at least for some of us and at some moments.

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Medium 9781780645117

5: Agroforestry and (Micro)Climate Change



Agroforestry and

(Micro)Climate Change

K. (C.J.) Stigter*

Agromet Vision, Bruchem, The Netherlands; and Poncogati,

Block Taman, ­Bondowoso, East Java, Indonesia


Agroforestry and the deliberate use of trees in agroecosystems was developed over 30 years ago as an alternative to ‘open-field’ agriculture and as the major pathway for intensification, while recognizing the roles farmers play in domesticating forests. The possibility of addressing all land-use issues on climate change in an integrated fashion deserves full attention and support, as, in reality, the landscapes where farmers and forest-edge communities make a living cannot readily be dissected (van Noordwijk and Minang,

2011). Integrating all existing and new landscape ecosystems into a complex climate adaptation-oriented resilience approach appears highly promising but also extremely demanding (van Leeuwen et al., 2014).

Agroecology refers to a range of agronomic techniques including intercropping, recycling of manure and food scraps into fertilizers, and agroforestry to reduce the use of external inputs and maximize resource use efficiency (De Schutter, 2014). It is consistent with, and complementary to, genetic improvement, as carried out by the Consultative Group for International Agricultural

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