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Medium 9781847770684


Elizabeth Jennings Carcanet Press Ltd. PDF
Medium 9781855757226

Chapter Five - Low Awareness Conditions: Their Assessment and Treatment

Rudi Coetzer Karnac Books ePub


Low awareness conditions: their assessment and treatment

Crawford Thomas

This chapter will focus on defining the terminology of low awareness conditions, assessment and rehabilitation techniques for those people who have sustained profound or severe brain injuries. Techniques covered include: the Coma Recovery Scale-Revised (CRS-R) (Giacino, Kalmar, & Whyte, 2004), the Western Neuro Sensory Stimulation Profile (WNSSP) (Ansell & Keenan, 1989) and the Sensory Modality Assessment and Rehabilitation Technique (SMART) (Gill-Thwaites, 1997; Gill-Thwaites & Munday, 1999). It is perhaps more important to understand the general principles involved in this kind of work. In this sense, this chapter is clearly not a training manual (go and get trained if you want that. No, seriously, it will do you a lot of good). So, to the purist, well-drilled, SMART-trained individual, it could be viewed as too impressionistic. I hope what it does is give an overview, with enough depth, maybe, for someone to become excited (as I am about this area of work) to actually go and be trained or, at the very least, think about some of the fundamental issues that work like this can raise. One little teeny tiny one being: what is consciousness? In order to have a better understanding of these principles, it will be necessary, to begin with, to examine what we currently understand to be profound and severe brain injury.

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Medium 9780596529550

19. Establishing SOA and SOA Governance

Nicolai M. Josuttis O'Reilly Media ePub

SOA IS A STRATEGY. YOU HAVE TO INTRODUCE IT INTO YOUR ENTERPRISE AND ORGANIZATION(S) gradually. This takes time, and as a fully developed SOA requires a lot of modifications and extensions (both technical and organizational), you can't have it all at once. So, how do you get started, and how do you ensure that things go right?

This chapter discusses establishing/implementing SOA, including the topic of "SOA governance." This term is commonly used to describe all you have to do to ensure that a SOA strategy is successful.

As you've seen throughout this book, SOA is a strategy that includes both technical and organizational aspects. Technically, you need some infrastructure (the ESB) to provide interoperability. Organizationally, you need appropriate processes so that it is clear how to design new solutions and identify new services (see Chapter7), live the service lifecycle (see Chapter11), and set up corresponding software development processes (e.g., model-driven development, discussed in Chapter18) and appropriate organizational structures (see Chapter8).

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Medium 9781574410624

1 • A Day in the Duck Family's Life

Lynn Marie Cuny University of North Texas Press PDF

A Day in the Duck

Family's Life

Arer more than seventeen years of rescuing wild animals from every imaginable fate, I always have to remember what would have become of them had we not been there for them.

Without a doubt, most of them would have perished. The question is: are we simply tampering with Mother Nature every time we save a life? Considering the alternative these animals face, I believe it is vitally important for us to rescue every wild animal we can. Faced with the continuing onslaught of relentless human encroachment-bulldozers, development, traffic, poisons, traps-wild animals don't have an easy life. In most cases, we're fortunate enough to be able to intervene in time to give the injured or sick animal a second chance at life.

Every so often, though, I find myself in the position of being a silent observer. I feel fortunate to have been given the gift of watching wild animals in their habitat as they prove their unlimited depth of feeling and innate ability to care for one another.

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Medium 9780253372086

34. Examination of the Copula of Inclusion

Charles S. Peirce Indiana University Press PDF



W r i t i n g s o f C . S. P e i rc e 1 8 9 0 – 1 8 9 2

X R (Y R Z ) ϭ Y R (X R Z ).

Form II gives no necessary formula.

General forms with three copulas






X R [Y R (Z R W )]

(X R Y ) R (Z R W )

[(X R Y ) R Z] R W

X R [(Y R Z ) R W]

[X R (Y R Z )] R W

Form I gives the necessary formulae

X R [Y R (Z R Z )]

X R [Y R (Z R Y )]

X R [Y R (Z R X )]

by (3Ј) by (3Ј)

mere cases under (2) and (3).

Form II gives the necessary formulae

(X R Y ) R (X R Y )

(X R Y ) R (Z R Z )

case of (1) case of (2)

Form III gives the necessary formulae


[(X R X ) R Y] R Y

Proof. Assume (X R X ) R Y is true. Then we are bound to admit Y is true. For by (1) X R X must be assumed true and thus by B, we have to admit that Y is true. So by A the formula holds.


[(X R Y ) R X] R X

Proof. For assume (X R Y ) R X. Then if we are forced to admit X is true, the formula holds by A. But by B if we assume X R Y we are bound to admit X is true. And if we assume X is not true by AЈ we are to take X R Y.

Form IV gives two necessary formulae, of which one,

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